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Scholia is the enjoyment of the arts, music, philosophical discussion. As opposed to ascholia which is work- earning a livelihood- making money or toiling for basic needs like food, shelter and housing. Contrast that with the latin equivalents otium and negotium- negotium refers to what ascholia embodies- working for a living, procurement of things to live. Toiling, laboring and the like. Otium, however does not refer to pleasure pursuits such as philosophical discussions, but rather, rest, respite. Sleep, laying down- recovering or recooperating from the toils and struggle of one's negotium. It is interesting to see the difference in the way the languages both ancient Greek and Latin- how the meaning has transformed itself.
Mpf. σχολία the feminine noun would have that meaning -- but does not exist on its own; it's a hypothetical form, which combines with ἀ- to give ἀσχολία. The real noun for "enjoyment" is σχολή. In any case scholium is the neuter noun σχόλιον, plural σχόλια -- different accent. But the connection is as the commentator says: leisure > hobby > scholarship.Opoudjis 02:36, 25 April 2006 (UTC)
I'm reading Eleanor Dickey's book -- referenced in the article -- and it contradicts nearly everything said here. It's interesting that the examples given are mostly of *Latin* commentaries. The article is better than nothing, but needs serious revision. I may do so, if I get the chance, but I wanted to highlight to readers that there was a problem. In particular Dickey says that marginal scholia are extracted from stand-alone commentaries, not that stand-alone commentaries arise once the volume of marginal notes gets too big. The commentaries pre-date the existence of margins large enough to hold such scholia. Books with wide margins are parchment codices, not papyrus rolls, and the switch from one to the other did not occur until the 4th century AD. Roger Pearse (talk) 12:13, 29 January 2011 (UTC)