Tammuz (Hebrew month)

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Sivan       Tammuz (תמוז)       Av
The Golden Calf

Tammuz is the month of the sin of the golden calf,
which resulted in Moses breaking the Ten Commandments.
Month Number: 4
Number of Days: 29
Season: Summer
Gregorian Equivalent: June–July
For the deity, see Tammuz (deity). For the derived name, see Tammuz (Babylonian calendar). For other uses, see Tammuz (disambiguation).

Tammuz (Hebrew: תמוז‎: Standard Tammuz, Tiberian Tammûz), or Tamuz, is the tenth month of the civil year and the fourth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It is a boreal summer month of 29 days, which occurs on the Gregorian calendar around June-July.

The name of the month was adopted from the Assyrian-Babylonian calendar, in which the month was named after one of the main Mesopotamian gods, Tammuz. This is referred to in Ezekiel 8:14. Tammuz is also a month in the modern Assyrian calendar of the ethnic Assyrian Christians.

Holidays in Tammuz[edit]

17 Tammuz - Seventeenth of Tammuz(Fast Day)

17 Tammuz is a fast day from 1 hour before sunrise to sundown in remembrance of Jerusalem's walls being breached. 17 Tammuz is the beginning of The Three Weeks, in which Jews follow similar customs as the ones followed during the Omer from the day following Passover until the culmination of the mourning for the death of the students of Rabbi Akiva (Akibah) the thirty-third day of the Omer - such as refraining from marriage and haircuts.[1] The Three Weeks culminate with Tisha Be-Av (9th of Av).
Ashkenazi communities refrain from wine and meat from the beginning of the month of Av, while Sefardi communities only do so from the beginning of the week in which the 9th of Av occurs. The mourning continues until noon on the 10th of Av, the date on which the Second Temple's destruction was complete.

Tammuz in Jewish history[edit]

Other uses[edit]

References In fiction[edit]

  • In the story of Xenogears, Tammuz is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month. In the official Japanese version translation, however, it was transliterated Tamuzu. This was later further changed by the translation process to Thames for the English version.


  1. ^ http://ohr.edu/holidays/tisha_bav/law_and_ritual/1146
  2. ^ This is according to the Talmud, Rosh Hashanah and Tur Orach Chaim 549. However, Karaite Jews continue to observe the fast on Tammuz 9.