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Adar       Nisan (נִיסָן)       Iyar
Tu Bishvat

Passover, the Festival of the Unleavened Bread,and liberation from Egyptian slavery.
Month number: 1
Number of days: 30
Season: Spring
Gregorian equivalent: March=April

Nisan (or Nissan; Hebrew: נִיסָן‎, Standard Nisan Tiberian Nîsān) in the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year. In the Torah it is called the month of the Aviv (e.g. Book of Exodus, 13:4 בְּחֹ֖דֶשׁ הָאָבִֽיב ḥōḏeš hā-’āḇîḇ). It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan usually falls in March–April on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther in the Tanakh it is referred to as Nisan. Karaite Jews interpret it as referring to the month in which barley was ripe.


The name of the month is an Akkadian language borrowing, although ultimately originates in Sumerian nisag "first fruits". The current, non-biblical Jewish month names were adopted during the Babylonian captivity. In the Babylonian calendar its name was Araḫ Nisānu, the "month of beginning".[1]

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • 10 Nisan – Yahrzeit of Miriam the prophetess, sister of Moses and Aaron[2]
  • 10 NisanYom HaAliyah – Aliyah Day, Israeli national holiday
  • 14 NisanFast of the Firstborn – on 12 Nisan when the 14th falls on Sabbath
  • 14 NisanBirkat Hachama is recited once every 28 years
  • 15–21 Nisan (22 Nisan outside of Israel)Passover
  • 23 NisanMimounaMaghrebi Jewish celebration of the end of the Passover prohibition on eating chametz, on 22 Nisan within Israel
  • 26 Nisan – Traditional yahrzeit of Joshua[3]
  • 27 NisanYom HaShoah – on 26 Nisan or 28 Nisan when the 27th falls on Friday or Sunday respectively, interfering with Shabbat

In Jewish history and tradition[edit]

Other uses[edit]


  1. ^ Muss-Arnolt, W., [ The Names of the Assyro-Babylonian Months and Their Regents], Journal of Biblical Literature Vol. 11, No. 1 (1892), pp. 72–94 [76], accessed 10 Aug. 2020
  2. ^ Megillat Ta'anit, fast days; Targum Yonaton, Nu. 20:1.
  3. ^
  4. ^ (Nisan before Torah, Genesis 8:4, Exodus 12:1)
  5. ^ "Bamberg". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 30 April 2014.

External links[edit]