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|← Adar Nisan (נִיסָן) Iyar →|
Passover, the Festival of the Unleavened Bread,
begins on the 15th of Nisan and commemorates
the Israelites' liberation from Egyptian slavery.
|Number of Days:||30|
Nisan (or Nissan) (Hebrew: נִיסָן, Standard Nisan Tiberian Nîsān) on the Assyrian calendar is the first month and on the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year. The name of the month is Babylonian; in the Torah it is called the month of the Aviv, referring to the month in which barley was ripe. Assyrians refer to the month as the "month of happiness." It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan usually falls in March–April on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther in the Tanakh it is referred to as Nisan.
Holidays and observances
- 1 Nisan – Kha b-Nisan – the first day of the Assyrian New Year
- 14 Nisan – Fast of the Firstborn – on 12 Nisan when the 14th falls on Sabbath
- 15–21 Nisan – Passover – also 22 Nisan outside of Israel
- 26 Nisan – traditional yahrzeit of Joshua
- 27 Nisan – Yom HaShoah – on 26 Nisan or 28 Nisan when the 27th falls on Friday or Sunday respectively, interfering with Shabbat
In Jewish history and tradition
- 1 Nisan (3761 BCE) – Creation of the Universe according to Rabbi Joshua's opinion in the Talmud (Rosh Hashanah 10b-11a)..
- 1 Nisan (circa 1638 BCE) – Death of Abraham according to the Talmud
- 1 Nisan (circa 1533 BCE) – Death of Isaac according to the Talmud
- 1 Nisan (circa 1506 BCE) – Death of Jacob according to the Talmud
- 1 Nisan (circa 1456 BCE) – First mitzvah is given to the Jewish people (Exodus 12:1–2)
- 1 Nisan (circa 1455 BCE) – Mishkan inaugurated; death of Nadav and Avihu
- 1 Nisan (1772) – Birth of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov
- 1 Nisan (1892) – Death of Rabbi Elimelech Szapira of Grodzhisk
- 2 Nisan (1920) – Death of Rabbi Sholom DovBer Schneersohn ("Rashab"), the fifth Lubavitcher Rebbe. His last words are recorded as, "I'm going to heaven; I leave you the writings."
- 3 Nisan (1492) – The Alhambra Decree orders the expulsion of Spanish Jews from Castile and Aragon (but not Navarre).
- 7 Nisan (circa 1416 BCE) – Joshua sends two spies to Jericho.
- 10 Nisan (circa 1417 BCE) – Death of Miriam, 39 years after the Exodus.
- 10 Nisan (circa 1416 BCE) – Israelites cross Jordan river into Canaan (Joshua 4)
- 11 Nisan (1270) – Death of Nachmanides
- 11 Nisan Birth of 7th Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
- 13 Nisan (474 BC) – Haman's decree to annihilate the Jews is passed.
- 13 Nisan (1575) – Death of Rabbi Joseph Caro, author of the Shulchan Aruch.
- 13 Nisan (1866) – Death of Tzemach Tzedek, the third Rebbe of Chabad.
- 14 Nisan (1135) – Birth of Maimonides
- 14 Nisan (1943) – Warsaw Ghetto uprising begins. The uprising would last until Iyar 3, and is now commemorated in Israel on 27 Nisan.
- 15 Nisan (circa 1713 BCE) – Birth of Isaac
- 15 Nisan (circa 1456 BCE) – The Exodus from Egypt
- 16 Nisan (circa 1273 BCE) – The Children of Israel stop eating Manna, six days after entering the Holy Land.
- 16 Nisan (474 BC) – Esther appears unsummoned before Achashverosh
- 17 Nisan (circa 24th century BCE) – Noah's Ark came to rest on mountains of Ararat
- 17 Nisan (474 BC) – Haman hanged after Queen Esther's second drinking party.
- 21 Nisan (circa 1456 BCE) – The sea splits, allowing Israel to escape the Egyptian army.
- 26 Nisan (circa 1386 BC) – Death of Joshua
- 28 Nisan (circa 1415 BC) – Conquest of Jericho by Joshua (Book of Joshua ch. 6).
- 29 Nisan (1620) – Death of Rabbi Chaim Vital, a Kabbalist and a disciple of Rabbi Isaac Luria.
- 29 Nisan (1699) – In Bamberg, Germany during a commercial crisis in 1699, the populace rose up against the Jews, and one Jew saved himself by throwing prunes from a gable-window down upon the mob. That event, the 29th of Nisan, called "Zwetschgen-Ta'anit" (Prune-Fast), was commemorated by a fast and a Purim festivity until the extermination of the Jewish community there.
- In Akkadian nisānu, from Sumerian nisag "First fruits" (Arabic, نيسان)
- "Nisan" is also the name for the month of April in Arabic (Arabic: نيسان), a Semitic language (see Arabic names of calendar months), and modern Turkish.
- In the story of Xenogears, "Nisan" is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month.