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On the 1st of Tevet, 362 B.C.E.,
Esther was crowned Queen of Persia.
|Number of Days:||29|
Tevet (Hebrew: טֵבֵת, Standard Tevet; Sephardim/Yemenite/Mizrachim "Tebeth"; Ashkenazi Teves; Tiberian Ṭēḇēṯ; from Akkadian ṭebētu) is the fourth month of the civil year and the tenth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It follows Kislev and precedes Shevat. It is a winter month of 29 days. Tevet usually occurs in December–January on the Gregorian calendar.
Gregorian new year
The Gregorian New Year's Day nearly always occurs in this month. Only rarely will it occur in either of the two neighbouring months (Kislev or Sh'vat).
Holidays in Tevet
Tevet in Jewish history
1 Tevet - (362 BCE) - Esther made Queen
- From the Book of Esther 2:16-17, "and Esther was taken to King Achashverosh, to his palace, in the tenth month, which is the month of Tevet, in the seventh year of his reign. And the king loved Esther more than all the women, and she won his favor and kindness more than all the virgins; he placed the royal crown on her head and made her queen in Vashti's stead." Six years later, Purim would occur on the 13th and 14th of Adar of the Hebrew year 3504 (356 BCE).
- On the 10th of Tevet, the armies of the Babylonian emperor Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem. Thirty months later, on Tammuz 17, the city walls were breached, and on Av 9th of that year, the Holy Temple was destroyed. The Jewish people were then exiled to Babylonia for 70 years.
11 Tevet - (1668) - Jews were expelled from Austria
17 Tevet - (1728) - First New York Synagogue
- In 1654, a group of Spanish and Portuguese Jews who fled the Spanish Inquisition held a Rosh Hashanah service in New Amsterdam, and subsequently founding the congregation Shearith Israel ("Remnant of Israel"). On this 17th of Tevet in 1728, the congregation purchased a lot in Lower Manhattan and erected the first synagogue in New York.
20 Tevet - (1483) - Printing of the Talmud
- The first volume of the Babylonian Talmud, the tractate Berachot, was printed in Soncino, Italy, on the 20th of Tevet of the Hebrew year (1483).
22 Tevet - (1496) - Portuguese Expulsion
- Four years after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain (1492), many of whom found refuge in the neighboring country of Portugal, a decree was issued giving all the Jews living in Portugal one year to either convert to Christianity or leave the country. The Inquisition would last for the next 350 years, persecuting, torturing and burning at the stake thousands of "marranos" throughout Spain, Portugal and their colonies for continuing to secretly practice the Jewish faith.
25 Tevet - (1559) - Chovat Halevavot published
- Chovat Halvavot, the classical work on Jewish ethics, and who was authored by Rabbi Bachya ben Yosef ibn Paquda on or before 1161, and translated into Hebrew from the original Arabic by the famed translator Rabbi Judah ibn Tibbon in 1167. It was first published on the 25th of Tevet of the Hebrew year 5319 (1559).
- Shimon ben Shetach successfully completed the expulsion of the Sadducees (a sect which denied the Oral Torah and the authority of the Rabbis) who had dominated the Sanhedrin (supreme court), and replaced them with his Mishnah (loyal Pharisaic disciples), on the 28th of Tevet of the Hebrew year 3680 (81 BCE).