|← Kislew Tevet (טֵבֵת) Shevat →|
On the 1st of Tevet, Esther was crowned Queen of Persia.
|Number of Days:||29|
Tevet (Hebrew: טֵבֵת, Standard Tevet; Sephardim/Yemenite/Mizrachim "Tebeth"; Ashkenazi Teves; Tiberian Ṭēḇēṯ; from Akkadian ṭebētu) is the fourth month of the civil year and the tenth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It follows Kislev and precedes Shevat. It is a winter month of 29 days. Tevet usually occurs in December–January on the Gregorian calendar.
Gregorian new year
The Gregorian New Year's Day nearly always occurs in this month. Only rarely will it occur in either of the two neighbouring months (Kislev or Shevat).
Holidays in Tevet
Tevet in Jewish history and tradition
- 1 Tevet (circa 479 BCE) - Esther was taken to King Achashverosh's palace, leading to her becoming queen (Book of Esther 2:16-17).
- 10 Tevet (588 BCE) - Nebuchadnezzar II's armies besiege Jerusalem; now commemorated as a fast day.
- 10 Tevet (479 BCE) Esther appears before Achashverosh for the first time and is chosen by him to be the queen.
- 11 Tevet (1668) - Jews were expelled from Austria
- 17 Tevet (1728) - Shearith Israel, the first New York synagogue, erects its first building in Lower Manhattan.
- 20 Tevet (1483) -The first volume of the Babylonian Talmud, the tractate Berachot, is printed in Soncino, Italy.
- 22 Tevet (1496) - Expulsion of Jews from Portugal, four years after the expulsion from Spain.
- 24 Tevet (3rd-century BCE) - Jewish elders procure the translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek (Septuagint) for Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
- 25 Tevet (1559) - Chovat Halevavot published
- 28 Tevet (81 BCE) - Shimon ben Shetach ejects the Sadducees from the Sanhedrin, replacing them with his Mishnah (loyal Pharisaic disciples).
- Mordechai Margoliouth (ed.), Halakhot Eretz Yisrael min ha-Genizah, Mossad Harav Kook: Jerusalem 1973, p. 141 (Hebrew)