Tandem (UCI)

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Karissa Whitsell and Mackenzie Woodring (pilot) compete in Beijing Summer Paraolympics on September 07, 2008
people standing and getting medals
Tandem cyclists get their medals at the 1996 Summer Paralympics
women holding medals
Australian tandem cyclists Terri Poole (right, vision impaired) and Sandra Smith (left, pilot for Terri) show off the gold medals they won in the 1km time trial and the 3km pursuit at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games
tandem bicyclists on track
Australian cyclists Sandra Smith (pilot, on front) and Terri Poole (vision impaired, on back) race their tandem on their way to one of their two gold medals on the track at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games

Tandem is a para-cycling classification for cyclists that require a sighted pilot for a non-sighted rider. The UCI recommends this be coded as MB or WB.[1]


PBS defined this group as "Athletes who are blind or visually impaired compete with no classification system. They ride tandem with a sighted “pilot.”"[2] The Telegraph defined this classification in 2011 as "B: Athletes who are blind and visually impaired" [3] British Cycling defines this classification as: "Blind or Visual Impaired (VI), TCB - from no light perception in either eye up to visual acuity of 6/60 and/or visual field of less than 20 degrees. Classification assessed in the best eye with the best correction (i.e. all athletes who use contact or corrective lenses must wear them for classification, whether they intend to wear them in competition or not). Classification will be provided by a UCI accredited classifier"[4]

Classification history[edit]

Cycling first became a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Summer Paralympics.[5]

In September 2006, governance for para-cycling passed from the International Paralympic Committee's International Cycling Committee to UCI at a meeting in Switzerland. When this happened, the responsibility of classifying the sport also changed.[6]

Becoming classified[edit]

Classification is handled by Union Cycliste Internationale.[7] Classification for the UCI Para-Cycling World Championships is completed by at least two classification panels. Members of the classification panel must not have a relationship with the cyclist and must not be involved in the World Championships in any other role than as classifier.[8] In national competitions, the classification is handled by the national cycling federation.[8] Classification often has three components: physical, technical and observation assessment.[8]


Below are some historical world records for this classification in the 200m men's Indoor track / Flying start.[9]

Time Cyclist Country Classification Date and location Country location Reference
10"749 Kieran Modra AUS Blind Men 03.05.2003 DUNC GRAY, SYDNEY AUS [9]
10316 Neil Fachie GBR Blind Men 08.11.2009 MANCHESTER GBR [9]
10"777 Vladimir Alexandr Blind Men 08.09.1991 MOSCOW RUS [9]
10"721 Anthony Kappes GBR Blind Men 13.05.2005 NCC MANCHESTER GBR [9]
10"604 Anthony Kappes GBR Blind Men 05.10.2005 NCC MANCHESTER GBR [9]
10"597 Anthony Kappes GBR Blind Men 05.05.2006 NCC MANCHESTER GBR [9]
10"411 Anthony Kappes GBR Blind Men 06.10.2006 NCC MANCHESTER GBR [9]
10410 Anthony Kappes GBR Blind Men 11.05.2007 NCC MANCHESTER GBR [9]
10282 Fachie Neil GBR Blind Men 13.03.2011 MONTICHIARI ITA [9]


The sighted cyclist cannot be a professional cyclist. The pair of cyclists must cycle in sync with each other.[3]


This classification has UCI rankings for elite competitors.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UCI Para-cycling Classification Guide". UCI. 17 April 2012. p. 4. 
  2. ^ "Competition at the Highest Levels, Cycling". Cycling. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "London 2012 Paralympics: Road cycling guide". London: The Telegraph. 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "About Disability Cycling". London. 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Cycling". 2012. Retrieved Australian Paralympic Committee.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. ^ "Para-cycling High Performance". Australia: Cycling Australia. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Guide to the Paralympic Games – Appendix 1" (PDF). London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 2011. p. 42. Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c "UCI Para-cycling Classification Guide". UCI. 17 April 2012. p. 5. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Para-Cycling Track World Records Historical". UCI. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "Ranking - PARA - Cycling 2012". Union Cycliste Internationale. June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.