H3 is a Paralympic cycling classification. The UCI recommends this be coded as MH3 or WH3.
- Paraplegic with impairments corresponding to a complete lesion from Th1 to Th3
- Very limited trunk stability
- Impaired sympathetic nerve system
- Non-spinal cord injury, but functional ability profile equivalent to sport class H3.1 (ex-H2.1)
- Recumbent position in handbike mandatory (AP-bikes).
- Paraplegic with impairments corresponding to a complete lesion from Th4 to Th10
- Limited trunk stability
- Non-spinal cord injury, functional ability profile equivalent to sport class H3.2 (ex-H2.2)
- Recumbent position in handbike mandatory (AP-bikes)
- Moderate quadriplegia with/without athetosis/ataxia
- Severe hemiplegia (non-ambulant)
- Severe diplegia (non-ambulant) and athetosis/ataxia
- Neurological impairments with at least grade 1 spasticity in upper limb.
This classification can use an AP2 recumbent, which is a competition cycle that is reclined at 30 degrees and has a rigid frame. This classification can also use an AP3 hand cycle which is inclined at 0 degrees and is reclined on a rigid competition frame. The classification can also use an ATP2 cycle which is a long seated forward cycle on a rigid frame.
Cycling first became a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Summer Paralympics. In September 2006, governance for para-cycling passed from the International Paralympic Committee's International Cycling Committee to UCI at a meeting in Switzerland. When this happened, the responsibility of classifying the sport also changed.
For the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic Committee had a zero classification at the Games policy. This policy was put into place in 2014, with the goal of avoiding last minute changes in classes that would negatively impact athlete training preparations. All competitors needed to be internationally classified with their classification status confirmed prior to the Games, with exceptions to this policy being dealt with on a case by case basis.
This classification has UCI rankings for elite competitors.
Classification is handled by Union Cycliste Internationale. Classification for the UCI Para-Cycling World Championships is completed by at least two classification panels. Members of the classification panel must not have a relationship with the cyclist and must not be involved in the World Championships in any other role than as classifier. In national competitions, the classification is handled by the national cycling federation. Classification often has three components: physical, technical and observation assessment.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cycling at the Paralympics.|
- "UCI Para-cycling Classification Guide". UCI. 17 April 2012. p. 4.
- "UCI Cycling Regulations - Para cycling" (PDF). Union Cycliste International website. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Vanlandewijck, Yves; Thompson, Walter R; IOC Medical Commission (2011). The paralympic athlete : handbook of sports medicine and science. Handbook of sports medicine and science. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 34. ISBN 9781444334043. OCLC 642278479.
- "Cycling". Australian Paralympic Committee. 2012.
- "Para-cycling High Performance". Australia: Cycling Australia. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Rio 2016 Classification Guide" (PDF). International Paralympic Committee. International Paralympic Committee. March 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "Ranking - PARA - Cycling 2012". Union Cycliste Internationale. June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Guide to the Paralympic Games – Appendix 1" (PDF). London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 2011. p. 42. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "UCI Para-cycling Classification Guide". UCI. 17 April 2012. p. 5.