Taroko National Park

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Taroko National Park (Chinese: 太魯閣國家公園; pinyin: Tàilǔgé Gúojiā Gōngyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thài-ló͘-koh Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g) is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan and was named after the Taroko Gorge, the landmark gorge of the park carved by the Liwu River. The park spans Taichung Municipality, Nantou County, and Hualien County and is located at Xiulin Township, Hualien County, Taiwan.

History[edit]

Map of Taroko area (1944)

This national park was originally established as the Tsugitaka-Taroko National Park (Japanese: 次高タロコ國立公園, Hepburn: Tsugitaka Taroko kokuritsu kōen) by the Governor-General of Taiwan on 12 December 1937 when Taiwan was part of the Empire of Japan. After the Empire of Japan's defeat in World War II, the Republic of China took over Taiwan in consequence. The ROC government subsequently abolished the park on 15 August 1945. It was not until 28 November 1986 that the park was reestablished.[1]

Taroko National Pork
Jiuqudong 2003-01.jpg
Tunnel of Nine Turns
Taroko-Naional-Park-Map-Taiwan.png
Location of Taroko National Park
LocationTaiwan
Nearest cityXiulin, Hualien
Coordinates24°10′N 121°20′E / 24.167°N 121.333°E / 24.167; 121.333Coordinates: 24°10′N 121°20′E / 24.167°N 121.333°E / 24.167; 121.333
Area920 km2 (360 sq mi)
Established28 November 1986

Taroko National Park covers an area of 92,000 hectares. It is located in Hualien County, Taichung City and Nantou County, and is home to unique geological and natural resources, including twenty seven peaks over 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) (Baiyu, 100 Top Peaks in Taiwan) located in and around the Qilai and Nanhu Mountain ranges. Park visitors can enjoy the spectacular marble gorge of Taroko, the Qingshui Cliff rising high above the Pacific Ocean, the peaceful trail along the Shakadang River, and the cascading waterfalls of Baiyang trail.

The rich and varied terrain that has nurtured an opulent plant and animal life in the Park is due in large part to the steep climb in altitude: from the Pacific Ocean on the east border of the Park to the peaks of the Central Mountain Range that make up the Park’s western border, one can go from sea level to well over 3000 meters in a day’s time. The Central Cross-Island Highway (Provincial Highway 8) extends from Asian tropical deciduous forests to high mountain pine and cedar forests.

Origin of the name[edit]

The name "Taroko" (太魯閣) derives from the Truku tribe, an indigenous group formally recognized by the Taiwanese government as of 2004. The Truku tribe originally resided in the upper region of the Zhuoshi river (濁水溪) before migrating eastward towards Hualien County through Mt. Qilai (Mt. Qilai: Truku language called ”Klbiyun”) to the Liwu River. The Truku tribe continue to reside in Hualien County, including within the designated National Park area.

Geology[edit]

Taiwan was created through the collision of the Philippine and the Eurasian plates in what is known as the Penglai Orogeny. This movement occurred some four million years ago and is responsible for the formation of the Central Mountain Range that runs north-south through much of Taiwan. Even today the shift in tectonic plates continues and this area continues to rise a few millimeters every year.

Marble formations only revealed themselves after millions of years of erosion and continued uplifting. Calcium Carbonate remains accumulated some 230 million years ago. These deposits through time, pressure, and the elements were gradually lithified into limestone that in turn metamorphosed into marble. As Taiwan was uplifted from the pressures of the colliding plates, the erosive forces of weathering and water worked to carve out the gorges we see today.

Erosion by the river against the constantly elevating land combined with the heavy sub-tropical rains resulted in a rapid transformation of the landscape. Marble, which is relatively hard and resistant to erosion, nevertheless relented to these forces resulting in the unusually steep and narrow canyons. [2]

The gorge itself was carved into the marble by the erosive power of the Liwu River.[3]

Sights include:

  • Tunnel of Nine Turns (九曲洞 Jiuqudong, pictured at right) (Opened in November 2017)
  • Eternal Spring Shrine (pictured below)
  • Yenzikou, Swallow Grotto Trail (燕子口)
  • Jinheng Park (靳珩公園)
  • Cimu Bridge, Motherly Devotion Bridge (慈母橋)
  • Tianxiang [zh]
  • Zhuilu Cliff (錐麓斷崖)
  • Liufang Bridge (流芳橋)
  • Dayuling (大禹嶺)
  • Buluowan (布洛灣)
  • Qingshui Cliffs (清水斷崖)
  • Shakadang Trail
  • Changuang Temple (禪光寺)
  • Baiyang Trail (白楊步道)

Transportation[edit]

Taroko National Park is typically accessed from Hualien City where various tours, buses and transport options are available next to Hualien Train station. The closest train station to the park is Xincheng Station of the Taiwan Railways Administration, roughly 7km from the park's main headquarters.[4] Due to Xincheng's distance from the park itself, visitors looking to get closer to the park will typically utilize the many tour buses and taxis available. Those with a Taiwan driver's license can rent a scooter near Hualien Station to drive to the park, but Hualien's winding highways and steep drop-offs can be dangerous for inexperienced motorists.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wei-han, Chen (15 June 2017). "Mining companies to face make-up reviews: Cabinet". Taipei Times. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Landform and Geology". Taroko National Park Official Website. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
  3. ^ Petley, D.N. (1998). "Geomorphological mapping for hazard assessment in a neotectonic terrain". The Geographical Journal. 164 (2): 183–201. doi:10.2307/3060369. JSTOR 3060369.
  4. ^ N/A, N/A (2017). "By Train - Taroko National Park". Taroko National Park. Retrieved July 14, 2021. Check |archive-url= value (help)

External links[edit]