Taunton Green Historic District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Taunton Green Historic District
Taunton green.jpg
Taunton Green, looking east toward Main Street
Taunton Green Historic District is located in Massachusetts
Taunton Green Historic District
Taunton Green Historic District is located in the US
Taunton Green Historic District
Location Taunton, Massachusetts
Coordinates 41°54′8″N 71°5′40″W / 41.90222°N 71.09444°W / 41.90222; -71.09444Coordinates: 41°54′8″N 71°5′40″W / 41.90222°N 71.09444°W / 41.90222; -71.09444
Area 50 acres (20 ha)
Built 1830 (1830)
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian
MPS Taunton MRA
NRHP Reference #

85000547

[1]
Added to NRHP March 1, 1985

The Taunton Green Historic District encompasses the core area of the historic 19th-century commercial downtown business district of Taunton, Massachusetts. It is centered on the town green, laid out in the 1740s, and now stands at the intersection of U.S. Route 44 and State routes 140 and 138. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.[1]

History[edit]

The early commercial center of the city of Taunton was southeast of the present center, at the confluence of the Taunton and Mill Rivers. In the 18th century early industry in the form of sawmills and gristmills developed on the Mill River. The Taunton Green was given to the town in 1743 as a militia training ground, and it is also where an early meetinghouse was built. Originally 88 acres (36 ha) in size, it is now much reduced by the surrounding development. Early commercial buildings were mostly of wood-frame construction, of which a few survive.[2]

Taunton Green has historically the gathering place for troops headed to war.[3] Monuments stand on the Green to honor soldiers of all the wars in which local citizens have participated.[3]

"Tauntonians" gathered on the Green on October 21, 1774, to raise the Taunton Flag with its distinctive "Liberty and Union" motto.[3] The flag was hoisted on a 112-foot liberty pole in defiance of King George III.[3] The flag flies on the Green to the present day.[3]

A fire in 1859 destroyed many buildings east of the green, and inaugurated more significant growth of brick buildings in the following decades.[2]

Since 1914 the Green has been the site of the city's annual holiday light display which attracts visitors from throughout the area, giving Taunton the nickname of "The Christmas City."[4][3]

In July 2004, the historic Templar's Hall (c. 1850) and Cohannet Block (1870) (commonly referred to as the Seeley Building) located on the corner of Taunton Green and Weir Street were destroyed by an arsonist.[5]

Description[edit]

County Courthouse and The Hiker statue

The historic district is centered on the roughly square green, and includes most of the buildings facing the green on the flanking streets. It excludes the Bristol County Courthouse Complex, which is located on the north side of the green.[6] It extends for a short way along Broadway to the north and Main Street to the east.

Monuments on the Green honor soldiers of all the wars in which local citizens have participated.[3] Among them is The Hiker, one of fifty copies of a statue by Theo Alice Ruggles Kitson. It commemorates the American soldiers who fought in the Spanish–American War, the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine–American War. The statue was cast by the Gorham Manufacturing Company in nearby Providence, Rhode Island.

Contributing properties[edit]

(partial listing)

  • Taunton Green (historic town common)
  • J.R. Tallman & Co, Inc. (1913), 11-12 Court Street
  • Crocker Building (1898), 4 Court Street
  • Boys & Girls Club of Taunton (1913), 31 Court Street
  • 43 Taunton Green (1831), current facade added in 1893
  • Dunbar Block (c. 1830), 44-49 Taunton Green
  • Union Block (1860), 1-37 Main Street
  • Bank Blocks (c. 1855), 4, 5 & 9 Taunton Green
  • Taylor Building (1889), 10-14 Taunton Green
  • Jones Block (1874), 5-29 Broadway
  • Donovan Building (c. 1900), 28 Broadway

Properties with separate NRHP Listings[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "MACRIS inventory record for Taunton Green Historic District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Hurwitz, Eric (1 May 2016). Massachusetts Town Greens: A History of the State's Common Centers. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 179–180. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  4. ^ Taunton Daily Gazette article, October 20, 2008
  5. ^ Taunton Daily Gazette article 12/30/04
  6. ^ Walking Tours Taunton, Massachusetts; a guide to historic properties, Taunton Historic District Commission, 1998

External links[edit]