Tavistock (UK Parliament constituency)

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Tavistock
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885February 1974
Number of membersone
Replaced byWest Devon
1330–1885
Number of memberstwo (1330-1868), one (1868-1885)
Type of constituencyBorough constituency

Tavistock was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Devon between 1330 and 1974. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting solely of the town of Tavistock; it returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member. From 1885, the name was transferred to a single-member county constituency covering a much larger area. (Between 1885 and 1918, the constituency had the alternative name of West Devon.)

The constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new West Devon constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Devonport and Plymouth, and the Sessional Divisions of Hatherleigh, Holsworthy, Lifton, Midland Roborough, and Tavistock.

1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Holsworthy, Ivybridge, and Tavistock, the Rural Districts of Broadwoodwidger, Plympton St Mary, and Tavistock, and part of the Rural District of Holsworthy.

1950-1974: The Urban Districts of Holsworthy and Tavistock, the Rural Districts of Broadwoodwidger, Holsworthy, and Tavistock, and part of the Rural District of Plympton St Mary.

In 1965 Tavistock was one of the largest seats in England, in terms of land area. It included the towns of Plympton and Plymstock (effectively eastern suburbs of Plymouth). It also included a great deal of rural land, including two-thirds of Dartmoor.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1335 Richard Crocker[2]
Oct. 1377 Thomas Raymond[3]
1381 Peter Hadley[4]
1384 Thomas Raymond[3]
1386 John Wyndout John Tryll [5]
1388 (Feb) Ranulph Hunt John atte Pole [5]
1388 (Sep) John Ford William Walreddon [5]
1390 (Jan) Walter Milemead John Bithewater [5]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Ranulph Hunt John Whitham [5]
1393 Ranulph Hunt Matthew Row [5]
1394 Ranulph Hunt John Crocker [5]
1395 Ranulph Hunt Walter Dimmock [5]
1397 (Jan) William Whitham John Plenty [5]
1397 (Sep)
1399
1401
1402 Ranulph Hunt John Kene [5]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Plenty Roger Baker [5]
1407 John Godfrey William Brit [5]
1410
1411 John Lopynford Richard Secheville [5]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) William May John Julkin [5]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) William May John Julkin [5]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 Richard Secheville ? [5]
1420 Richard Secheville William Bentley [5]
1421 (May) John Fortescue William May [5]
1421 (Dec) John Fortescue Nicholas Fitzherbert [5]
1467–1468 Richard Edgcumbe
1472 John Say
1485 Richard Edgcumbe
1510-1512 No names known [6]
1515 Richard Lybbe John Amadas [6]
1523 ?
1529 William Honychurch John Dynham [6]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 Sir Peter Carew Richard Fortescue [6]
1547 Sir Edward Rogers John Gale [6]
1553 (Mar) Edward Underhill Anthony Lyte [6]
1553 (Nov) Richard Wilbraham Thomas Smyth
Parliament of 1554 Richard Mayo John Fitz, junior
Parliament of 1554-1555 John Onebyche
Parliament of 1555 Richard Mayo Thomas Southcote
Parliament of 1558 Thomas Browne George Southcote
Parliament of 1559 Unknown: the return has been lost
Parliament of 1563-1567 Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Richard Cooke
Parliament of 1571 Nathaniel Bacon Robert Ferrers died after 1572
In his place Charles Morison
Parliament of 1572-1581
Parliament of 1584-1585 Edward Bacon Valentine Knightley
Parliament of 1586-1587 John Glanville
Parliament of 1588-1589 Michael Heneage Anthony Ashley
Parliament of 1593 Hugh Vaughan Richard Codrington
Parliament of 1597-1598 Edward Montagu Valentine Knightley
Parliament of 1601 Henry Grey Walter Wentworth
Parliament of 1604-1611 Sir George Fleetwood Edward Duncombe
Addled Parliament (1614) (Sir) Francis Glanville
Parliament of 1621-1622 Sir Baptist Hicks, Bt
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) Sampson Hele John Pym
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir Francis Glanville
Parliament of 1625-1626 Sir John Ratcliffe
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir Francis Glanville
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640

MPs 1640-1868[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Lord Russell Royalist John Pym Parliamentarian
November 1640
1641 Hon. John Russell Royalist
December 1643 Pym died - seat vacant
January 1644 Russell disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1646 Elisha Crimes Edward Fowell
December 1648 Crimes and Fowell excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653 Tavistock was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Henry Hatsell Edmund Fowell
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 William Russell Whig George Howard
April 1661 Sir John Davie, 2nd Baronet
December 1661 Lord Russell Whig
1673 Sir Francis Drake, 3rd Baronet
1679 Edward Russell Whig
1685 Sir James Butler John Beare
1689 Lord Robert Russell Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1695 Lord James Russell
March 1696 Ambrose Manaton
November 1696 Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1701 Lord Edward Russell Whig
1702 Lord James Russell
November 1703 James Bulteel
December 1703 Henry Manaton [7]
1708 Sir John Cope, Bt [8]
1711 James Bulteel
1715 Sir Francis Henry Drake, Bt
1728 Sir Humphrey Monoux, Bt
1734 Hon. Charles Fane [9] Whig Sidney Meadows
1741 Lord Sherard Manners
1742 The Viscount of Limerick
July 1747 Richard Leveson-Gower [10] Thomas Brand
December 1747 Sir Richard Wrottesley, Bt
April 1754 Richard Rigby Whig Jeffrey French
December 1754 Richard Vernon
1761 Richard Neville Aldworth
1774 Hon. Richard FitzPatrick Whig
1788 Lord John Russell Whig
June 1790 Hon. Charles Wyndham [11] Whig
December 1790 Lord John Russell Whig
1802 Lord Robert Spencer Whig
May 1807 Lord William Russell Whig
July 1807 Viscount Howick Whig
1808 George Ponsonby Whig
1812 Richard FitzPatrick Whig
1813 Lord John Russell Whig
1817 Lord Robert Spencer Whig
1818 Lord John Russell Whig
1819 John Peter Grant Whig
March 1820 John Nicholas Fazakerly Whig
May 1820 Viscount Ebrington [12] Whig
1826 Lord William Russell Whig
August 1830 Lord Russell Whig
November 1830 Lord John Russell [13] Whig
July 1831 John Heywood Hawkins Whig
October 1831 Lieutenant Colonel Francis Russell Whig
1832 Lord Russell [14] Whig Charles Richard Fox Whig
1835 John Rundle Whig
1841 Lord Edward Russell Whig
1843 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Radical[15][16][17][18]
1847 Hon. Edward Russell Whig[19][18]
April 1852 Samuel Carter [20] Radical[21][22]
July 1852 Hon. George Byng Whig[23]
1853 Robert Phillimore Peelite[24][25][26]
March 1857 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Radical[15][16][17][18]
September 1857 Arthur Russell Whig[27][28]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1865 Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868-1974[edit]

Election Member Party
1868 Arthur Russell [29] Liberal
1885 Viscount Ebrington Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Hugh Luttrell Liberal
1900 John Spear Liberal Unionist
1906 Hugh Luttrell Liberal
Dec. 1910 Sir John Spear Liberal Unionist
1918 Charles Williams Conservative
1922 Maxwell Ruthven Thornton Liberal
1924 Philip Kenyon-Slaney Unionist
1928 by-election Wallace Duffield Wright Conservative
1931 Colin Patrick Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Henry Studholme, Bt Conservative
1966 Michael Heseltine Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see West Devon

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

Trelawny resigned to seek re-election after voting against the disestablishment of the Church of England when he had promised his constituents he would vote for it.[30]

By-election, 28 April 1852: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Samuel Carter 115 40.5
Radical John Salusbury-Trelawny 89 31.3
Peelite Robert Phillimore 80 28.2
Majority 26 9.2
Turnout 284 81.4
Registered electors 349
Radical hold Swing
General Election 1852: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Byng 220 44.6
Radical Samuel Carter 169 34.3
Peelite Robert Phillimore 104 21.1
Turnout 247 (est) 70.6 (est)
Registered electors 349
Majority 51 10.3
Whig hold Swing
Majority 65 13.2
Radical hold Swing

On petition, Carter was unseated in 1853 and Phillimore was declared elected in his place.

General Election 1857: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Byng 242 42.5 −2.1
Radical John Salusbury-Trelawny 198 34.7 N/A
Radical Samuel Carter 130 22.8 −11.5
Turnout 285 (est) 72.2 (est) +1.6
Registered electors 395
Majority 44 7.7 −2.6
Whig hold Swing +4.7
Majority 68 11.9 −1.3
Radical hold Swing −4.7

Byng resigned in order to contest a by-election in Middlesex, causing a by-election.[32]

By-election, 4 September 1857: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Arthur Russell 164 57.7 +15.2
Radical Edward Miall[33][34] 120 42.3 −15.2
Majority 44 15.5 +7.8
Turnout 284 71.9 −0.3
Registered electors 395
Whig hold Swing +15.2
General Election 1859: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Russell Unopposed
Liberal John Salusbury-Trelawny Unopposed
Registered electors 414
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Russell 330 45.3 N/A
Liberal Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda 179 24.6 N/A
Liberal Samuel Carter 119 16.3 N/A
Conservative Francis Rummens[35] 93 12.8 N/A
Liberal Theophilus Alexander Blakely[36] 8 1.1 N/A
Majority 60 8.2 N/A
Turnout 411 (est) 96.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 426
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Seat reduced to one member

General Election 1868: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Russell Unopposed
Registered electors 802
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lord Arthur Russell 362 57.0 N/A
Liberal Russell Hugh Worthington Biggs[37] 273 43.0 N/A
Majority 89 14.0 N/A
Turnout 635 78.9 N/A
Registered electors 805
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Tavistock[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lord Arthur Russell Unopposed
Registered electors 847
Liberal hold
Ebrington
General Election 1885: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Viscount Ebrington 5,390 63.0 N/A
Conservative Henry Imbert-Terry 3,172 37.0 N/A
Majority 2,218 26.0 N/A
Turnout 8,562 78.9 N/A
Registered electors 10,851
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1886: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Viscount Ebrington 3,917 59.0 +22.0
Liberal John Budd Phear 2,722 41.0 −22.0
Majority 1,195 18.0 N/A
Turnout 6,639 61.2 −17.7
Registered electors 10,851
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +22.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Hugh Luttrell
General Election 1892: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Luttrell 4,458 51.2 +10.2
Liberal Unionist Robert Thomas White-Thomson 4,241 48.8 −10.2
Majority 217 2.4 N/A
Turnout 8,699 74.2 +13.0
Registered electors 11,720
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +10.2
General Election 1895: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Luttrell 4,970 51.9 +0.7
Liberal Unionist Robert Thomas White-Thomson 4,597 48.1 -0.7
Majority 373 3.8 +1.4
Turnout 9,567 78.7 +4.5
Registered electors 12,154
Liberal hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Spear 4,746 50.1 +2.0
Liberal John Fellowes Wallop 4,731 49.9 −2.0
Majority 15 0.2 N/A
Turnout 9,477 77.7 −1.0
Registered electors 12,202
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.0
General Election 1906: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Luttrell 6,405 55.2 +5.3
Liberal Unionist John Spear 5,196 44.8 −5.3
Majority 1,209 10.4 N/A
Turnout 11,601 82.9 +5.2
Registered electors 13,989
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +5.3

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Luttrell 6,570 50.9 −4.3
Liberal Unionist John Spear 6,343 49.1 +4.3
Majority 227 1.8 −8.6
Turnout 12,913 83.9 +1.0
Registered electors 15,395
Liberal hold Swing −4.3
General Election December 1910: Tavistock[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Spear 6,409 51.6 +2.5
Liberal Hugh Luttrell 6,019 48.4 −2.5
Majority 390 3.2 N/A
Turnout 12,428 80.7 −3.2
Registered electors 15,395
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Charles Williams 9,157 56.7 +5.1
Liberal Harry Green 7,005 43.3 −5.1
Majority 2,152 13.4 +10.2
Turnout 16,162 62.2 −18.5
Unionist hold Swing +5.1
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Maxwell Thornton
General Election 6 December 1922: Tavistock
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Maxwell Thornton 11,708 54.5
Unionist Charles Williams 9,757 45.5
Majority
Turnout 77.6
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 6 December 1923: Tavistock
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Maxwell Thornton 11,883 54.1 -0.4
Unionist Philip Kenyon-Slaney 10,072 45.9 +0.4
Majority 1,811 8.2 -0.8
Turnout 77.7 +0.1
Liberal hold Swing -0.4
1924 General Election: Tavistock[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Kenyon-Slaney 12,058 52.8
Liberal Maxwell Thornton 10,786 47.2
Majority 1,272 5.6
Turnout 77.7
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Tavistock by-election, 1928[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Wallace Wright 10,745 45.2 -7.6
Liberal Reginald Fletcher 10,572 44.5 -2.7
Labour Richard Davies 2,449 10.3 n/a
Majority 173 0.7
Turnout 77.3
Unionist hold Swing -2.5
1929 General Election: Tavistock[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Wallace Wright 14,102 44.7
Liberal Hilda Runciman 14,040 44.1
Labour Richard Davies 3,574 11.2
Majority 152 0.6
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Tavistock[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Patrick 17,310 52.4
Liberal John Adam Day 13,592 41.2
Labour Richard Davies 2,124 6.4
Majority 3,718 11.2
Turnout 83.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Tavistock[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Patrick 17,475 52.8
Liberal John Adam Day 13,422 40.5
Labour Charles Henry Townsend 2,236 6.7
Majority 4,053 12.3
Turnout 77.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Conservative: Colin Patrick
  • Liberal: Frank Milton
  • Labour: J Finnigan
Tavistock by-election, 1942
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme 19,730 46.9 -5.8
Liberal Isaac Foot 13,764 32.8 -7.7
Labour James Finnigan 8,539 20.3 +13.6
Majority 5,966 14.2
Turnout 75.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Tavistock[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme 18,682 50.3
Labour Frank W Harcourt-Munning 10,189 27.4
Liberal JD Wyatt 8,281 22.3
Majority 8,493 22.9
Turnout 84.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Tavistock[43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme 22,683 63.87
Labour Frank W Harcourt-Munning 12,833 36.13
Majority 9,850 27.7
Turnout 78.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Tavistock[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme 18,991 54.8
Labour Harold Lawrance 8,755 25.2
Liberal Richard Moore 6,937 20.0
Majority 10,236 29.5
Turnout 34,683 76.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Tavistock[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme 19,778 53.7
Liberal Richard Moore 9,008 24.5
Labour Bryan R Weston 8,022 21.8
Majority 10,770 29.3
Turnout 36,808 78.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Tavistock[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Studholme 19,493 47.8
Liberal Thomas Greville Jones 14,093 34.5
Labour John A Elswood 7,226 17.7
Majority 5,400 13.2
Turnout 40,812
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Tavistock[47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 21,644 49.2
Liberal Christopher Trethewey 13,461 30.6
Labour Peggy Arline Middleton 8,902 20.2
Majority 8,183 18.6
Turnout 44,007 81.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Tavistock[48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 25 846 57.1
Liberal Michael E B Banks 10,397 23.0
Labour Harold M Luscombe 8,982 19.9
Majority 15,449 34.2
Turnout 45,225
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crick 1997, pp117-8
  2. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/crocker-john
  3. ^ a b http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/raymond-thomas-1418
  4. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/hadley-peter
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  7. ^ Manaton was initially returned as re-elected in 1710, but on petition he was adjudged not to have been duly elected
  8. ^ Cope was re-elected in 1727, but had also been elected for Hampshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  9. ^ Succeeded as The Viscount Fane (in the Peerage of Ireland), July 1744
  10. ^ Leveson-Gower was also elected for Lichfield, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
  11. ^ Wyndham was also elected for Midhurst, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
  12. ^ Ebrington was re-elected in 1830, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  13. ^ Russell was re-elected in 1831, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  14. ^ Styled Marquess of Tavistock from 1839
  15. ^ a b Hoppen, K. Theodore (2016). Governing Hibernia: British Politicians and Ireland 1800-1921. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 133. ISBN 9780198207436. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Bedford Election". Worcester Journal. 9 December 1854. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  17. ^ a b "Bedford Election". Leeds Intelligencer. 9 December 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  18. ^ a b c "Tavistock Election". The Suffolk Chronicle; or Weekly General Advertiser & County Express. 7 August 1847. p. 1. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  19. ^ "Election Intelligence". Morning Post. 26 July 1847. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  20. ^ Carter's re-election in 1853 was declared void and his opponent, Phillimore, was seated in his place.
  21. ^ Crail, Mark. "Samuel Carter, Chartist MP, 1814 - 1903". Chartist Ancestors. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Election Intelligence". London Evening Standard. 27 April 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  23. ^ "Latest News". York Herald. 5 September 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  24. ^ "Coventry". Evening Mail. 27 March 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  25. ^ "Election Movements". Coventry Standard. 20 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  26. ^ "Western Courier, West of England Conservative, Plymouth and Devonport Advertiser". 14 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  27. ^ "Representation of Tavistock". London Evening Standard. 3 September 1857. p. 6. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  28. ^ "Nottingham Journal". 11 September 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  29. ^ Styled Lord Arthur Russell from 1872
  30. ^ McKie, David (26 October 2006). "No sense in self-denial". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  32. ^ "The Election for the County of Middlesex". The Times. 4 September 1857. p. 9.
  33. ^ "North Wales Chronicle". 12 September 1857. p. 12. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  34. ^ "Domestic". Royal Cornwall Gazette. 11 September 1857. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  35. ^ "To the Electors of Tavistock". Western Morning News. 5 July 1865. p. 1. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  36. ^ Roberts, Steven (2012). "Captain Alexander Blakely RA". p. 3. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  37. ^ "Tavistock". Western Morning News. 6 February 1874. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 21 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 259. ISBN 9781349022984.
  39. ^ Western Times 13 Mar 1914
  40. ^ a b c F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  41. ^ a b British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  42. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  43. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  44. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  45. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  46. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  47. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  48. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
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  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • Michael Crick, Michael Heseltine: A Biography, Hamish Hamilton, 1997, ISBN 0-241-13691-1.
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [3]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
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  • Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. p. 1.
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)