Taxicabs of Morocco
Inner city transport
Moroccan cities have dedicated taxis for transport inside the city limits. Although some of the largest cities operate city buslines most people prefer to use a petit taxi for point-to-point transport within city limits.
For journeys to regional destinations beyond the city limits you can choose between buses (public buses for nearby destinations and private "luxury" buses for long distance and even cross-country) or the so-called grand taxi.
A petit taxi is a smaller model car painted in the designated color, which differs from city to city. It has a maximum capacity of three passengers plus the driver. There are special stops for petits taxis, often combined with a grand taxi stop, where these taxis are allowed to park and wait for customers. However, in most cases customers will signal or shout for a taxi when an empty one passes.
Normally a customer hires the complete taxi for his trip and pays a fare for that trip: it doesn't matter if one is alone or with a party of up to three. When there is still a vacant seat the driver might pick up another passenger if he spots a potential customer for a trip in more or less the same direction.
In most cities the drivers use a few fixed tariffs for popular destinations depending on the distance and also time of day (more expensive late at night). Taxis in busy cities like Casablanca or Marrakech are generally more expensive than in a city like Nador.
To prevent abuse by drivers of (mainly) foreign tourists some cities require a petit taxi to use a meter. In that case the fare depends on distance travelled. After 9 p.m. fares are generally 50% higher. Tourist-information brochures advise tourists to insist on using the meter or agree on a fixed price in advance.
Petits taxis are small cars such as a Fiat Uno, Peugeot 205 and similar sized models using diesel as fuel. In general the cars used are quite old (mostly from the 1990s); often the interior is overhauled and/or is a state of disrepair - at least in comparison with European standards. However some newer models, mainly Dacia Logans (which are being produced in Morocco) can be seen regularly. To allow passengers to carry luggage most cars are equipped with a simple open wooden box on the roof where oversized goods are placed without anything to secure it. As the speed inside the city limits is never high this method doesn't lead to many accidents.
The sides of this roof-rack is also the place where petit taxi is printed together with their local registration number.
Some examples of colors used in Moroccan cities for petits taxis:
- Blue: Al Rachida, Rabat, Chefchaouen
- Light blue: Tanger (with a horizontal yellow line), Meknes
- Red: Nador, Azilal, Casablanca, Fez, Oujda
- White: Ouarzazate, Taroudannt, El Jadida
- Ochre: Marrakech
- Orange: Berkane, Agadir
- Yellow: Midelt
- Light yellow: Tétouan
- Green: Azrou, Aklim, Ifrane
- Light green: Mohammedia
Whereas petits taxis are only for local city traffic, grands taxis are mostly used for city-to-city or -village transport. Normally a grand taxi is a shared vehicle: at the main taxi stands many grands taxis gather. It is a type of share taxi system but without timetables or government influence. Each taxi will drive a more or less fixed route to a set destination and all passengers looking for transport to that destination or somewhere along the route used share one grand taxi. When the taxi is full (maximum 4 passengers on the rear seat and two on the front-passenger chair) he will depart. He might depart earlier if it takes too long to wait for a full car and/or when he expects to pick up more passengers along the route.
Although this shared use is cheap, it isn't always very comfortable for longer trips in hot summers: 7 people (including driver) are packed in a 1970s to '80s four door Mercedes without air conditioning. Many people prefer to charter a complete taxi and agree on a fixed price before departure.
Grands taxis are almost exclusively older Mercedes-Benz W123 sedans using diesel fuel. In some extremely rare exceptions Opel Senators serve as a grand taxi. Grands taxis originating in the same region all have to paint their car the same color; quite often white, ochre or olive green. The colors of the grands taxis from one region usually differ from the color of the petits taxis of that same region; in Marrakech however, both are ochre. Small red plaques at the front and/or rear indicate their city of origin and a registration number.
Development of taxi transport services
Starting from 2014, Mustapha Chaoun, the secretary general of the national union of transport professionals, said that "45,000 taxis all over Morocco have to be renovated." Chaoun added that these taxis should be renovated gradually because there are some administrative problems that should be fixed first. Morocco decided to offer owners of the grand taxis a subsidy of 80,000 dirhams if they wish to buy a new vehicle, In parallel with this government project, the Renault automobile company in Tangier reportedly said earlier that it would offer a discount of MAD10,000 for taxi drivers who wish to replace their old Mercedes 240 Diesel with a new Dacia Lodgy.
Sources and footnotes
- Tourist information on transport in Morocco
- Selection taxis on Flickr, visited 27 July 2008