Telfair County Courthouse and Jail

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Telfair County Courthouse and Jail
Telfair County Courthouse, side, McRae, GA, US.jpg
Courthouse, the middle part is the original building
Telfair County Courthouse and Jail is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Telfair County Courthouse and Jail
Telfair County Courthouse and Jail is located in the US
Telfair County Courthouse and Jail
Location Courthouse Sq., McRae-Helena, Georgia
Coordinates 32°4′1″N 82°53′48″W / 32.06694°N 82.89667°W / 32.06694; -82.89667Coordinates: 32°4′1″N 82°53′48″W / 32.06694°N 82.89667°W / 32.06694; -82.89667
Area 1.5 acres (0.61 ha)
Built 1902, 1934
Built by A. E. Aittner
Architect Dennis & Dennis
Architectural style Colonial Revival
MPS Georgia County Courthouses TR
NRHP reference # 95000720[1]
Added to NRHP June 8, 1995
The old jail in 2016, with modern additions

The Telfair County, Georgia Courthouse in McRae-Helena was built in 1934 using the walls of the previous courthouse, lost to fire earlier that year. It was designed by architects Dennis & Dennis. The nearby Telfair County Jail was built in 1902. The courthouse and jail were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.

History[edit]

Telfair county, named for Governor Edward Telfair, was established in 1807. Its first two courthouses, one of log, the other a two-story wooden building, were located in the original county seat at Jacksonville. Jacksonville, with its plantation economy and river landing, was replaced as county seat in 1870 by McRae, located on the Macon and Brunswick Railroad.[2]

The third courthouse, the first in McRae, was a frame building built in 1872 or 1873, and was replaced by a brick courthouse in 1888. That courthouse burned around 1900 and was replaced by Telfair's fifth courthouse, again of brick, in 1904. It burned in 1934 and was replaced by the current, sixth, courthouse later that year using the walls of the 1904 building.[2]

The jail was built in 1902 near the eventual location of the 1904 courthouse. It was the first brick jail in the county.[2]

Architecture[edit]

The courthouse, in the Colonial Revival-style, is a two-story brick building. The main entrance features three arched entryways and an in antis portico. The side and rear entrances are pedimented with transoms and double doors.[2]

The jail is a two-story brick building with hipped roof, four chimneys, center front gable, and an enclosed front porch. There is decorative brick detailing along the cornice.[2]

The Macon, Georgia architecture firm of Dennis & Dennis designed the courthouse, as well as the Emanuel County and Peach County courthouses, both listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Telfair County Courthouse and Jail were added to the register in 1995.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Leslie N. Sharp (April 13, 1995). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Telfair County Courthouse and Jail" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved January 27, 2016.  Accompanying seven photos from March 1995.

External links[edit]