The Awful Dr. Orloff
|The Awful Dr. Orlof|
|Directed by||Jesús Franco|
|Produced by||Leo Lax
|Written by||Jesús Franco|
The Awful Dr. Orloff (Spanish: Gritos en la noche) is a 1962 Spanish–French horror film directed by Jesús Franco. It stars Howard Vernon as the mad Dr. Orloff (or sometimes Orlof) who wants to repair his disfigured daughter's face with skin grafts from others, with the aid of a slavish blind henchman named Morpho. The film is considered to be the earliest Spanish horror film. Howard Vernon continued to appear in a number of Franco's horror films up until his death. Franco would later feature a number of blind or disfigured henchmen named Morpho in many of his later horror films, such as Vampyos Lesbos and Revenge in the House of Usher.
While filming his tribute to Hollywood musical film (Vampiresas 1930), director Jesús Franco convinced his producers to watch the British film The Brides of Dracula (1960). After the screening, Franco proposed that he could make similar films "in the same vein, but with a different style". Franco eventually convinced same French co-producer who produced Vampiresas 1930.
Franco was concerned how the film would be handled by Spanish censors. Franco produced two versions of the film: one that was unedited, and one that was for British and Spanish audiences that had the scenes with nudity cut. Spanish censors were also concerned with films that would damage the reputation of Spain. To avoid this, Franco set the film in France.
The Awful Dr. Orloff premiered in Madrid, Spain in May 1962 under the title of Gritos en la noche (lit. Screams in the Night). It premiered in Paris in May 1963 under the title of L'horrible Dr. Orloff, and was released in the UK as The Demon Doctor later the same year. In the US it was released in 1964, on the second half of a double bill with The Horrible Dr. Hichcock (1962). The Awful Dr. Orloff became the first internationally successful horror and exploitation film production from Spain.
The film received a negative reception from critics on its initial release. In 1964, a review in the New York Times for both The Horrible Dr. Hichcock and The Awful Dr. Orloff stated "For once, the adjectives in the titles were not only descriptive but also accurate." The Monthly Film Bulletin described the film "at once appalling and unique, so bad as to be almost enjoyable for its ludicrous qualities, so singular that curiosity hunters are likely to look at it agog." The review noted that one or two shots were "worthy of James Whale of Epstein" and that the score was "quasi-musical noises." The review concluded that it was "a singular film...really most extraordinary."
From retrospective reviews, Donald C Willis described the film as a "mainly trivial variations on Eyes Without a Face" while praising the "lighting of the castle and the night exteriors". In Phil Hardy's book Science Fiction (1984), The Awful Dr. Orloff was declared as "the initiator of an entire subgenre mixing horror and medical Science Fiction in a gory way bordering on the pornographic".
- "Credits". BFI Film & Television Database. London: British Film Institute. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Gritos en la noche". BFI Film & Television Database. London: British Film Institute. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Release". BFI Film & Television Database. London: British Film Institute. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- Hortelano, 2011. p.221
- Shipka, 2011. p. 175
- Shipka, 2011. p. 176
- Shipka, 2011. p. 177
- Munden, 1971. p. 52
- Firsching, Robert. "Dr. Orloff's Monster". AllMovie. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Archer, Eugene (December 3, 1964). "L Orribile Segreto del Dottor Hitchcock (1962) A Pair of Films". The New York Times. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
- "Gritos en la noche (The Demon Doctor), Spain/France 1961". Monthly Film Bulletin. Vol. 30 no. 348. British Film Institute. p. 86.
- Willis 1997, p. 28.
- Hardy 1984, p. 214.
- Hardy, Phil, ed. (1984). Science Fiction. New York : Morrow. ISBN 0-688-00842-9.
- Hortelano, Lorenzo J. Torres (2011). Directory of World Cinema: Spain. Intellect Books. ISBN 1-84150-463-7.
- Munden, Kenneth White (1971). The American Film Institute catalog of motion pictures produced in the United States, Issues 1921-1930. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-20970-2.
- Shipka, Danny (2011). Perverse Titillation: The Exploitation Cinema of Italy, Spain and France, 1960-1980. McFarland Press. ISBN 0-7864-4888-1.
- Willis, Donald C. (1997). Horror and Science Fiction Films IV. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3055-8.