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The Boat Race 1860

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17th Boat Race
Date31 March 1860 (1860-03-31)
WinnerCambridge
Margin of victory1 length
Winning time26 minutes 5 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
10–7
UmpireJoseph William Chitty
(Oxford)

The 17th Boat Race took place on 31 March 1860. Held annually, the Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing race between crews from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge along the River Thames. It was the first time in the history of the event that the race had to be restarted as a result of an obstruction. Cambridge won the event by one length, in the slowest time ever.

Background[edit]

The Championship Course along which the Boat Race is contested

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3] Oxford went into the race as reigning champions, having defeated Cambridge as they sank in the previous year's race. Cambridge led overall with nine wins to Oxford's seven.[4]

The challenge to race was sent by the president of the Cambridge University Boat Club to the president of the Oxford University Boat Club in the October term, with subsequent agreement to compete on 30 March 1860. However, this was soon deemed unacceptable: the Cambridge crew were required to take examinations in the days prior and the tide on that day was "inconvenient". As such, it was agreed to hold the race the following day, on 31 March.[5] Oxford were initially considered the favourites, but after Cambridge's practice rows, the odds evened.[6]

Cambridge's boat was built specifically for the race by Edward Searle of Simmons boat yard and was 57.5 feet (17.5 m) in length. The Oxford vessel was the same as that used in the previous year's race, a 54-foot (16 m) long boat built by Matthew Taylor of Newcastle.[7] The race was umpired by Joseph William Chitty who had rowed for Oxford twice in 1849 (in the March and December races) and the 1852 race.[8]

Crews[edit]

Frederick Halsey rowed for Oxford in the number three seat.

Both crews were downselected from pairs of trials eights.[9] The Oxford crew weighed an average of 11 st 12.5 lb (75.3 kg), 2.75 pounds (1.2 kg) per rower more than their Light Blue opposition.[10] Each crew contained four members who had featured in the previous year's race: Chaytor and Morland represented Cambridge again while Fairbairn and Hall competed in their third race. Meanwhile Morrison, Baxter and Robarts represented Oxford for the second time, with Risley making his third appearance in the event.[10]

Seat Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow S. Heathcote 1st Trinity 10 st 3 lb J. N. MacQueen University 11 st 7 lb
2 H. J. Chaytor Jesus 11 st 4 lb G. Norsworthy Magdalen 11 st 0 lb
3 D. Ingles 1st Trinity 10 st 13 lb T. F. Halsey Christ Church 11 st 11 lb
4 J. S. Blake Corpus Christi 12 st 9 lb J. F. Young Corpus Christi 12 st 8 lb
5 M. Coventry Trinity Hall 12 st 8 lb G. Morrison (P) Balliol 12 st 13 lb
6 B. N. Cherry Clare Hall 12 st 1 lb H. F. Baxter Brasenose 11 st 7 lb
7 A. H. Fairbairn 2nd Trinity 11 st 10 lb C. I. Strong University 11 st 2 lb
Stroke J. Hall (P) Magdalene 10 st 4 lb R. W. Risley Exeter 11 st 8 lb
Cox J. T. Morland Trinity 9 st 0 lb A. J. Robarts Christ Church 9 st 9 lb
Source:[10]
(P) – boat club president[11]

Race[edit]

For the first time in a University Race, there was a false start, for no sooner was the word given than an ugly old wherry came creeping across the bows of the boats, and had not Mr Searle with the greatest presence of mind instantly by voice and gesture recalled them, most unpleasant consequences might have been the result.

MacMichael[7]

The crowd lining the banks of the Thames was "immense", while the weather was "drizzly and windy".[6] Oxford won the toss and elected to start from the Middlesex station handing the Surrey side of the river to Cambridge. Immediately after the starter, Edward Searle, had commanded the boats to commence, a wherry interrupted proceedings, blocking the boats' passage and forcing Searle to declare a false start. It was the first time in Boat Race history that the event was required to be restarted.[7]

Neither crew made a good start, but Cambridge took an early lead. Oxford had recovered to draw level by the "Star and Garter" pub and led by half a length by Craven Cottage.[12] The Dark Blues were nearly clear by the "Crab Tree" pub and their cox Robarts steered across in an attempt to take clear water. Cambridge's cox Morland called for a push to defend their course causing the crews to clash oars.[13] They passed through the central pier of Hammersmith Bridge, with Cambridge holding a 3-foot (0.9 m) lead, which they extended to half a length around Chiswick Reach. By Barnes Bridge the Light Blues held a length-and-a-half lead. They passed the "Ship Tavern" at Mortlake, winning by a length in a time of 26 minutes 5 seconds.[14] As of 2019, this remains the slowest winning time in the history of the event.[4]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  5. ^ MacMichael, p. 270
  6. ^ a b MacMichael, p. 273
  7. ^ a b c MacMichael, p. 274
  8. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 97
  9. ^ MacMichael, pp. 271–272
  10. ^ a b c MacMichael, p. 277
  11. ^ Burnell, pp. 50–51
  12. ^ MacMichael, pp. 274–275
  13. ^ MacMichael, p. 275
  14. ^ MacMichael, pp. 275–276

Bibliography

External links[edit]