The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill

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"The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill"
The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill sheet music cover.jpg
Cover of the song's sheet music
Song by the Beatles
from the album The Beatles
Released22 November 1968
Recorded8 October 1968,
EMI Studios, London
GenreFolk rock
Length3:18
LabelApple Records
Songwriter(s)Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s)George Martin

"The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" is a song written by John Lennon (credited to Lennon–McCartney), and released by the Beatles on their 1968 album The Beatles (also known as the "White Album").

Composition[edit]

This song mocks the actions of a young American named Richard A. Cooke III, known as Rik, who was visiting his mother, Nancy Cooke de Herrera, at the ashram of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in Rishikesh at the same time that the Beatles were staying with the Maharishi. According to his mother, both she and her son maintained friendly relations with all of the Beatles except for Lennon, who by Cooke de Herrera's account was "a genius" but distant and contemptuous of the wealthy American Cooke de Herrera and her clean-cut, college-attending son. According to Nancy's life account, Beyond Gurus, the genesis of the song occurred when she, Rik, and several others, including guides, set out upon elephants to hunt for a tiger (allegedly presented by their Indian guide as a traditional act). The pack of elephants was attacked by a tiger, which was shot by Rik. Rik was initially proud of his quick reaction and posed for a photograph with his prize. However, Rik's reaction to the slaying was mixed, as he has not hunted since. Nancy claims that all present recognised the necessity of Rik's action, but that Lennon's reaction was scornful and sarcastic, asking Rik: "But wouldn't you call that slightly life-destructive?" The song was written by Lennon as mocking what he saw as Rik's bravado and unenlightened attitude.[1]

Lennon later told his version of the story in a Playboy interview, stating that: "‘Bungalow Bill’ was written about a guy in Maharishi's meditation camp who took a short break to go shoot a few poor tigers, and then came back to commune with God. There used to be a character called Jungle Jim, and I combined him with Buffalo Bill. It's sort of a teenage social-comment song and a bit of a joke."[2] Mia Farrow, who was also at the ashram during the period, supports Lennon's story in her autobiography; she writes, "Then a self-important, middle-aged American woman arrived, moving a mountain of luggage into the brand-new private bungalow next to Maharishi's along with her son, a bland young man named Bill. People fled this newcomer, and no one was sorry when she left the ashram after a short time to go tiger hunting, unaware that their presence had inspired a new Beatles song – 'Bungalow Bill.'"[3]

Musical structure[edit]

The line, "Hey Bungalow Bill" is reminiscent of "Stay as Sweet as You Are", the title line of the 1957 song. Both songs also subsequently rephrase the line at a lower pitch, adding to the possibility of a link.[citation needed]

The song opens with a flamenco guitar phrase, played from a standard Mellotron bank of pre-recorded rhythms and phrases by studio engineer Chris Thomas. It is unknown how the sample was chosen. [4][5] The solo involves all seven notes of the Phrygian mode, including a Spanish-sounding II, a natural seventh from the harmonic minor scale and a blues-sounding 5.[6] On some CD reissues, this solo closes the previous track, "Wild Honey Pie". The opening guitar solo is followed by the chorus in the key of C major, shifting between V (G on "Bungalow") and iv (Fm on "what did you").[7] What follows is a relative minor bridge starting with Am (on "He went out") then shifting to VI (F on "elephant") and VII (G on "gun"). Lennon then uses a V (E on "all-American") VII (G on "bullet-headed") i (Am on "Saxon-mother's") and vi (Fm on "son") to get back to the C major key.[8] It is sung by all four Beatles, Ringo's then-wife Maureen, and Yoko Ono (providing the only female lead vocal on a Beatles' recording, for the line "Not when he looked so fierce"). The Mellotron reappears during the verses, played by Lennon, using mandolin samples, and during the outro, played by Thomas, using trombone samples. Lennon, who wrote the song, is the primary lead singer. Like the majority of Beatles songs written by either Lennon or Paul McCartney, it is credited to Lennon–McCartney.

Recording[edit]

The song was recorded by the Beatles at Abbey Road Studios on 8 October 1968 and was completed including all overdubs in this one session. They also started and completed the Lennon-composed "I'm So Tired" during the same recording session.

This marks the only occasion in a Beatles song that a non-Beatle sings lead vocal, when Yoko Ono sings "Not when he looked so fierce".[9]

Personnel[edit]

Personnel per Ian MacDonald[10]

Cover versions[edit]

When Mojo released The White Album Recovered in 2008, part of a continuing series of CDs of Beatles albums covered track-by-track by modern artists, the track was covered by Dawn Kinnard and Ron Sexsmith.[11] Phish covered the song on the album Live Phish Volume 13 in 1994.[12]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Cabrera 2009.
  2. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 199.
  3. ^ Farrow 1997, p. 139.
  4. ^ Youtube, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fe8g1wlNAPo
  5. ^ "The Continuing Story Of Bungalow Bill | The Beatles Bible". www.beatlesbible.com. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
  6. ^ Dominic Pedler. The Songwriting Secrets of the Beatles. Music Sales Limited. Omnibus Press. NY. 2003. p 281
  7. ^ Dominic Pedler. The Songwriting Secrets of the Beatles. Music Sales Limited. Omnibus Press. NY. 2003. p 194
  8. ^ Dominic Pedler. The Songwriting Secrets of the Beatles. Music Sales Limited. Omnibus Press. NY. 2003. p 194
  9. ^ Lewisohn, Mark (2000). The Complete Beatles Chronicle. London: Hamlyn. ISBN 978-0-600-60033-6. p 284
  10. ^ MacDonald 2005, pp. 324–325.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  12. ^ "Live Phish, Vol. 13: 10/31/94, Glens Falls Civic Center, Glens Falls, NY - Phish". AllMusic. Retrieved 7 September 2017.

Bibliography

  • Cabrera, Enrique (2009). "Only Some Northern Songs in The Beatles". Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  • de Herrera, Nancy Cooke (1992). Beyond Gurus: A Woman of Many Worlds. Blue Dolphin Publishing.
  • Farrow, Mia (1997). What Falls Away. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-47187-4.
  • MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
  • Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-25464-4.

External links[edit]