The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill
|"The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill"|
|Song by the Beatles|
|from the album The Beatles|
|Released||22 November 1968|
|Recorded||8 October 1968|
"The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" is a song written by John Lennon (credited to Lennon–McCartney), and released by the English rock band the Beatles on their 1968 double album The Beatles (also known as the "White Album"). The song was recorded at EMI Studios on 8 October 1968 and was completed (including all overdubs) the same day. The group also started and completed the Lennon-composed "I'm So Tired" during the same recording session. Along with Lennon, the song also contains co-lead vocals by Yoko Ono, the only song recorded by the group to feature lead vocals by a non-member.
This song mocks the actions of a young American named Richard A. Cooke III, known as Rik, who was visiting his mother, Nancy Cooke de Herrera, at the ashram of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in Rishikesh at the same time that the Beatles were staying with the Maharishi. According to his mother, both she and her son maintained friendly relations with all of the Beatles except for Lennon, who by Cooke de Herrera's account was "a genius" but distant and contemptuous of the wealthy American Cooke de Herrera and her clean-cut, college-attending son. According to Nancy's life account, Beyond Gurus, the genesis of the song occurred when she, Rik, and several others, including guides, set out upon elephants to hunt for a tiger (allegedly presented by their Indian guide as a traditional act). The pack of elephants was attacked by a tiger, which was shot by Rik. Rik was initially proud of his quick reaction and posed for a photograph with his prize. However, Rik's reaction to the slaying was mixed, as he has not hunted since. Nancy claims that all present recognised the necessity of Rik's action, but that Lennon's reaction was scornful and sarcastic, asking Rik: "But wouldn't you call that slightly life-destructive?" The song was written by Lennon as mocking what he saw as Rik's bravado and unenlightened attitude.
Lennon later told his version of the story in a Playboy interview, stating that: "'Bungalow Bill' was written about a guy in Maharishi's meditation camp who took a short break to go shoot a few poor tigers, and then came back to commune with God. There used to be a character called Jungle Jim, and I combined him with Buffalo Bill. It's sort of a teenage social-comment song and a bit of a joke." Mia Farrow, who was also at the ashram during the period, supports Lennon's story in her autobiography; she writes, "Then a self-important, middle-aged American woman arrived, moving a mountain of luggage into the brand-new private bungalow next to Maharishi's along with her son, a bland young man named Bill. People fled this newcomer, and no one was sorry when she left the ashram after a short time to go tiger hunting, unaware that their presence had inspired a new Beatles song – 'Bungalow Bill.'"
The song opens with a flamenco guitar phrase, played from a standard Mellotron bank of pre-recorded rhythms and phrases by studio engineer Chris Thomas. It is unknown how the sample was chosen. The solo involves all seven notes of the Phrygian mode, including a Spanish-sounding ♭II, a natural seventh from the harmonic minor scale and a blues-sounding ♭5. On some CD reissues, this solo closes the previous track, "Wild Honey Pie". The opening guitar solo is followed by the chorus in the key of C major, shifting between V (G on "Bungalow") and iv (Fm on "what did you"). What follows is a relative minor bridge starting with Am (on "He went out") then shifting to ♭VI (F on "elephant") and ♭VII (G on "gun"). Lennon then uses a V (E on "all-American") ♭VII (G on "bullet-headed") i (Am on "Saxon-mother's") and ♭VI (Fm on "son") to get back to the C major key. It is sung by all four Beatles, Ringo's then-wife Maureen, and Yoko Ono. The Mellotron reappears during the verses, played by Lennon, using mandolin samples, and during the outro, played by Thomas, using trombone samples. Lennon, who wrote the song, is the primary lead singer. Like the majority of Beatles songs written by either Lennon or Paul McCartney, it is credited to Lennon–McCartney.
This section may lend undue weight to the opinions of specific critics. Please help to create a more balanced presentation. Discuss and resolve this issue before removing this message. (March 2020)
In Revolution in the Head, Ian MacDonald describes "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" as a "lapse into tub-thumping banality."
Coinciding with the 50th anniversary of its release, Jacob Stolworthy of The Independent listed "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" at number 24 in his ranking of the White Album's 30 tracks. He agreed with Lennon's statement that the song is "a bit of fun" and that "despite arriving early on, "Bungalow Bill" lingers in the mind as a slice of tone-shifting oddness."
- John Lennon – lead vocal, acoustic guitar, Hammond organ, Mellotron
- Paul McCartney – backing vocals, bass guitar
- George Harrison – backing vocals, acoustic guitar
- Ringo Starr – backing vocals, drums, tambourine
- Chris Thomas – Mellotron
- Yoko Ono – co-lead vocal, backing vocals
- Maureen Starkey (and others) – backing vocals
- Personnel per Ian MacDonald
When Mojo released The White Album Recovered in 2008, part of a continuing series of CDs of Beatles albums covered track-by-track by modern artists, the track was covered by Dawn Kinnard and Ron Sexsmith. Phish covered the song on the album Live Phish Volume 13 in 1994.
- ^ Cabrera 2009.
- ^ Sheff 2000, p. 199.
- ^ Farrow 1997, p. 139.
- ^ Youtube, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fe8g1wlNAPo
- ^ "The Continuing Story Of Bungalow Bill | The Beatles Bible". www.beatlesbible.com. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- ^ Dominic Pedler. The Songwriting Secrets of the Beatles. Music Sales Limited. Omnibus Press. NY. 2003. p 281
- ^ a b Dominic Pedler. The Songwriting Secrets of the Beatles. Music Sales Limited. Omnibus Press. NY. 2003. p 194
- ^ a b MacDonald 2005, pp. 324–325.
- ^ Stolworthy, Jacob (22 November 2018). "The Beatles' White Album tracks, ranked – from Blackbird to While My Guitar Gently Weeps". The Independent. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- ^ "The White Album Recovered 1". Mojo Cover CDs. Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- ^ "Live Phish, Vol. 13: 10/31/94, Glens Falls Civic Center, Glens Falls, NY". All Music. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- Cabrera, Enrique (2009). "Only Some Northern Songs in The Beatles". Only Some Northern Songs. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
- de Herrera, Nancy Cooke (1992). Beyond Gurus: A Woman of Many Worlds. Blue Dolphin Publishing.
- Farrow, Mia (1997). What Falls Away. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-47187-4.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
- Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-25464-4.