The Fall of America: Poems of These States
The Fall of America: Poems of These States, 1965–1971 is a collection of poetry by Allen Ginsberg, published by City Lights in 1973, for which Ginsberg shared the annual U.S. National Book Award for Poetry. It is characterized by a prophetic tone inspired by William Blake and Walt Whitman, as well as an objective view characterized by William Carlos Williams. The content is more overtly political than most of his previous poetry with many of the poems about Ginsberg's condemnation of America's actions in Vietnam. Current events such as the Moon Landing and the 1968 Democratic National Convention, the death of Che Guevara, and personal events such as the death of Ginsberg's friend and former lover Neal Cassady are also topics. Many of the poems were initially composed on an Uher Tape recorder, purchased by Ginsberg with the help of Bob Dylan.
The Fall of America blends poetry, travel writing, personal experience, radio news broadcasts, popular songs, newspaper headlines, and journalistic observations, to give it a multilayered and spontaneous effect. It marks Ginsberg's movement toward a more complete spontaneous style of expression.
Some of the poems included in this collection are:
- "Beginning of a Poem of These States"
- "Elegy For Neal Cassady"
- "On Neal's Ashes"
- "Please Master"
- "Hum Bom!"
- "September on Jessore Road"
For Collected Poems Ginsberg grouped Wichita Vortex Sutra from Planet News and all of Iron Horse together under the heading The Fall of America. Poems included under the heading The Fall of America in Collected Poems 1947-1980 and in Collected Poems 1947-1997:
- "First Party at Ken Kesey's with Hells Angels"
- "Wichita Vortex Sutra"
- "Iron Horse (Poem)"
- "City Midnight Junk Strains"
- "Wales Visitation"
Paul McCartney and Youth, performing as The Fireman, borrowed the title of their album Electric Arguments from the poem "Kansas City to St. Louis," in which Ginsberg describes driving along the highway in a "white Volkswagen" (i.e., a "beetle") while listening to music and call-in shows on the radio and looking at signs and billboards:
Wooing the decade / gaps from the 30s returned / Old earth rolling mile after mile patient / The ground / I roll on / the ground / the music soars above / The ground electric arguments / ray over / The ground dotted with signs for Dave's Eat Eat"
Thus, "electric arguments" refers both to the radio waves carrying talk-show arguments and also to illuminated billboards and neon signs.
"National Book Awards – 1974". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
(With acceptance speech by Ginsberg and essay by John Murillo from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
- Ginsberg, Allen (1968). Planet news, 1961-1967 (1st American ed.). San Francisco, Calif.: City Lights. ISBN 0872860205.
- Ginsberg, Allen (1988). Collected poems, 1947-1980 (1st Perennial Library ed.). New York: Perennial Library. ISBN 0060914947.
- Ginsberg, Allen (2007). Collected poems, 1947-1997 (1st Harper Perennial Modern Classics ed.). New York: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0061139750.