|Song by Joe Liggins and His Honeydrippers|
|Recorded||April 20, 1945|
|Label||Exclusive Records 207|
"The Honeydripper (Parts 1 and 2)" is an R&B song by Joe Liggins and his Honeydrippers which topped the US Billboard R&B chart (at that time called the "Race Records" chart) for 18 weeks, from September 1945 to January 1946.
Liggins claimed to have written the tune around 1942, when playing piano in Los Angeles with a group called the California Rhythm Rascals. The tune was based around the traditional song "Shortnin' Bread". It was adopted by dancers performing a dance called the Texas Hop, and Liggins wrote words to fit the tune - "The honeydripper, he's a killer, the honeydripper ... he's a solid gold cat, he's the height of jive ... he's a riffer, the honeydripper." The term "honeydripper" was black slang for a "sweet" guy, and had already been adopted as a nickname by blues pianist Roosevelt Sykes.
Liggins tried to persuade his next bandleader, Sammy Franklin, to record it, but Franklin refused and Liggins put together his own four-man group with Little Willie Jackson (alto sax and clarinet), James Jackson Jr. (tenor sax) and a bass player. The song was heard by the owner of Exclusive Records, Leon Rene, who wanted to record it although in live shows Liggins' performance often ran to fifteen minutes. Liggins suggested cutting it down and recording it over two sides of the record, 3 minutes per side. The recording was done on April 20, 1945, with Liggins' regular bass player replaced by Red Callender and Earl Carter added on drums.
The recording was an immediate smash hit. "It was a hit booming from every record store, shoeshine stand, barber shop and barbecued chicken shack on Los Angeles' famed Central Avenue as many thousands of G.I.s returned from the Pacific, hungry for nightlife and new civilian experiences." However, the small record company could not keep up with the demand, and a cover version by Jimmie Lunceford on the larger Decca label eventually replaced it at the top of the charts.
Liggins' recording has been cited as "the earliest runaway hit in the formative R&B combo style", and as such was an important precursor to the development of rock and roll. It made #13 on the Billboard pop chart.
Hit cover versions were also made by Jimmie Lunceford (#2 R&B, 1945), Roosevelt Sykes (#3 R&B, 1945), and Cab Calloway (#3 R&B, 1946). Versions were also recorded in later years by Eddie Chamblee (on The Rocking Tenor Sax of Eddie Chamblee), King Curtis, Buddy Guy and others.
Liggins later moved to Specialty Records and re-recorded the song in a shortened version in 1950. The original Exclusive part 1 of the song was dubbed (with another hit by Liggins on Exclusive, "I've Got A Right To Cry") and issued on 45 by Dot Records around 1956.
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- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 13. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was The First Rock'n'Roll Record, Faber & Faber, 1992, ISBN 0-571-12939-0, pp.5-8
- "Dirty-South Blues Harp Forum: For blues harmonica players, students, and fans". Modernbluesharmonica.com. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
- Joe Liggins and the Honeydrippers performing "The Honeydripper", 1983