The Suffragist

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The Suffragist
The Suffragist 11-22-1913 (6939611544).jpg
TypeWeekly newspaper
PublisherCongressional Union for Woman Suffrage
FoundedNovember 15, 1913
Political alignmentWomen
LanguageEnglish
Ceased publication1920

The Suffragist was a weekly newspaper published by the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage in 1913 to advance the cause of women's suffrage. The publication was first envisioned as a small pamphlet by the Congressional Union (CU), a new affiliate of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), which in 1917 became the NWP. It evolved into an eight-page weekly tabloid newspaper when the first issue appeared on 15 November 1913.[1]

Started by Alice Paul with Rheta Childe Dorr as its first editor, its goal was to spread women's political news and to advance movements toward a suffrage amendment. The newspaper gave its publishers an avenue to communicate directly with each other and supporters without mainstream media. In its six years, the publication played an important role in the eventual success of the suffrage movement.[1]

The Suffragist recorded protests and arrests in news accounts and editorials. Along with political cartoons, illustrations, photographs, essays, and poems all served as advocacy devices within the paper.[1] The cover of each issue usually featured a full-page cartoon. Artist Nina Allender drew the vast majority of these. Allender presented a new image of the suffragist as young and physically beautiful, as well as courageous and intelligent.[2] The third page of The Suffragist featured the text of the proposed federal suffrage amendment and at least one editorial.[2]

In 1917, when the National Woman's Party (NWP) began picketing the White House and were arrested, the newspaper served as a light to the public on the treatment of these political people. In 1914, Alice Paul and Lucy Burns were its editors, and later in 1917 Edith Houghton Hooker became its official editor.

The newspaper ceased publication after the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution allowing women to vote was passed. After the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1919, it regained publication as Equal Rights, the official National Woman's Party magazine from 1923 until 1954. The magazine served a similar role as The Suffragist. Still, its focus was specifically on the Equal Rights Amendment and other bills affecting women, including protective labor legislation, nationality issues, and jury service.[3][4][5][6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lumsden, Linda (September 1995). "Suffragist: The Making of a Militant". Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 72 (3): 525–538. doi:10.1177/107769909507200304. ISSN 1077-6990.
  2. ^ a b Adams, Katherine; Keene, Michael (2008). Alice Paul and the American Suffrage Campaign. Urbana IL: University of Illinois Press. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-252-07471-4.
  3. ^ "EQUAL RIGHTS. VOL. 1, NO. 1. FEBRUARY 17, 1923". Lewis Suffrage Collection.
  4. ^ Ehrenberg, Ronald (October 1985). "Workers' Rights: Rethinking Protective Labor Legislation". Cambridge, MA. doi:10.3386/w1754. hdl:1813/75246. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "Suffragist Newspapers". Sewall-Belmont House & Museum. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Suffrage Journals". womansuffragememorabilia.com. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  7. ^ "The suffragist : official weekly newspaper of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage". catalyst. Johns Hopkins Library. Retrieved 17 December 2013.