Things Fall Apart (album)

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Things Fall Apart
Things Fall Apart 41172.jpg
Studio album by The Roots
Released February 23, 1999
Recorded 1997–1999
Electric Lady Studios
(New York, New York)
Genre Hip hop, alternative hip hop[1]
Length 70:32
Label MCA, Geffen
MCADE-11948
Producer The Grand Wizzards, Scott Storch, Jay Dee
The Roots chronology
Illadelph Halflife
(1996)
Things Fall Apart
(1999)
Phrenology
(2002)

Things Fall Apart (also referred to as When Things Fall Apart) is the fourth studio album by American hip hop band The Roots, released February 23, 1999 on Geffen Records. Recording sessions for the album took place at Electric Lady Studios during 1997 to 1999, coinciding with recording for other projects of the Soulquarians collective, including D'Angelo's Voodoo (2000), Erykah Badu's Mama's Gun (2000), and Common's Like Water for Chocolate (2000). According to Spin magazine, the album is a landmark moment for The Roots and the collective, as it "swelled the Roots clique into a movement-style posse".[2]

The album has been considered by music writers as The Roots's breakthrough album, earning praise from major publications and critics,[3] while becoming the group's first record to sell over 500,000 copies.[4] It includes the song "You Got Me", which won the 2000 Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group, while Things Fall Apart was also nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album of the same year, losing to Eminem for his The Slim Shady LP.[5] Rolling Stone called it a "top-flight record",[6] while AllMusic cited it as "one of the cornerstone albums of alternative rap."[1] The album takes its title from Chinua Achebe's novel of the same name,[7] which in turn took the phrase from William Butler Yeats's poem "The Second Coming".[8] As of April 5, 1999, Things Fall Apart has been certified gold in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[4] As of April 24, 2013, Things Fall Apart has been certified platinum in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America.

Recording[edit]

Recording for Things Fall Apart began in 1997 and was completed in early 1999. Sessions for the album coincided with those for other Soulquarians projects at Electric Lady Studios, including D'Angelo's Voodoo (2000), Erykah Badu's Mama's Gun (2000), and Common's Like Water for Chocolate (2000).[9] Questlove has stated that during this period, the group recorded upwards of around 145 songs, later whittling down their choices to 14 songs (intros and interludes withstanding).[10] The last song to be included to the final selection was "Double Trouble", featuring Mos Def. Initially, the song was supposed to feature a guest appearance from Mos' Black Star partner, Talib Kweli but due to the format of the track, it was decided to make it a throwback to the Run D.M.C./EPMD tag-team style of rap, with just two MCs.[10]

Music[edit]

The album's opening track, "Act Won", contains an excerpt from the Spike Lee film, Mo' Better Blues. The excerpt is from a scene where Denzel Washington and Wesley Snipes are discussing the current state of African American music (or culture in general) after a gig.[11] The track "Act Too (The Love of My Life)", originally an interlude that evolved into a full song, features Common, whose verse is a continuation of his song "I Used to Love H.E.R.", off his 1994 album Resurrection, in which Common speaks of hip hop as a woman. However, Questlove has stated that this is not "I used to love H.E.R. (the daughter), rather it is a "reflection on the evolution of hip hop, through our eyes."[12] Beanie Sigel made his recording debut on the track "Adrenaline!", after tagging along to a weekly jam session held by the group in Philadelphia.[13] Eve (at the time, signed to Dr. Dre's Aftermath label, and known as Eve of Destruction) also made her debut on Things Fall Apart, on the track, "You Got Me".

"You Got Me" was co-written by Jill Scott who recorded vocals for the song's chorus and bridge.[14] Her part was subsequently re-recorded by Erykah Badu at the insistence of MCA, who wanted a higher profile collaboration for the album's official lead single (at the time, Scott was relatively unknown outside of Philadelphia). When the group later went on tour, Scott joined them during performances of the song. "You Got Me" caught on quickly with radio and later MTV, giving the group a much needed boost in terms of sales and exposure. Its Grammy win provided a second round of success. The outside musicians who contributed to the album (mainly D'Angelo, James Poyser, and Jay Dee) were part of the Soulquarians collective with Questlove and Pino Palladino.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[1]
Alternative Press 4/5[15]
Entertainment Weekly B[16]
Los Angeles Times 4/4 stars[17]
NME 8/10[18]
Pitchfork Media 9.4/10[19]
Q 4/5 stars[20]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[6]
Spin 9/10[21]
The Village Voice B+[22]

Upon its release, Things Fall Apart was widely regarded as the group's most fully realized work. Critics praised the album for its sobering themes, sonic quality, and fluid, cohesive sequencing, with Touré of Rolling Stone calling it a "top-flight record" and lead MC Black Thought a "lyricist's lyricist with a hard, earnest voice that doesn't flow like water but bobs and weaves with less-predictable rhythms".[6] Mojo commented that the album is "the stunner they've always promised: the first candidate for hip hop album of 1999... in a hip-hop world dominated by well-worn pop samples and rap rewrites of 80's chart hits, such risk-taking should be cherished".[23] Marie Elsie St. Léger of Barnes & Noble wrote in her review that the album had "Unfussy yet precise production, irresistible beats, and smooth rhymes. Few albums manage to simultaneously be this informative, political, and downright groovy."[24] Spin's Neil Kulkarni suggested that "the Roots have created perhaps rap's first melancholy masterpiece", noting "a downered, fragmented feel to the music that weaves through the lyrics' bleak resignation to instill real poignancy and effect."[21]

Steve Jones of USA Today complimented the band's "jazzy, live instrumentation and dense, insightful lyrics" and commented that it "elevates hip-hop with literate, thoughtful grooves".[25] In his consumer guide for The Village Voice, Robert Christgau criticized Kamal Gray's "omnipresent ostinato beds", but commended the band for "looking back to the old-school rap they loved before they discovered jazz lite", and stated "What's so consistently annoying on their earlier intelligent records is almost hooky on this one, integral to a flow that certainly does just that, which isn't to say you won't be relieved when it rocks the house instead".[22] Fans responded with as much enthusiasm, and the album shipped Platinum in the United States.[26][4]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks produced by The Grand Wizzards, except where noted.

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Act Won (Things Fall Apart)"   Ahmir Thompson, Spike Lee   0:54
2. "Table of Contents (Parts 1 & 2)"   Thompson, Tariq Trotter, Kamal Gray, Rahzel M. Brown, Karl Jenkins, Kyle Jones, Leonard Hubbard, Smart Abdul-Basset Questlove 3:37
3. "The Next Movement" (featuring DJ Jazzy Jeff and Jazzyfatnastees) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Hubbard Kamal Gray 4:10
4. "Step Into the Realm"   Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Hubbard, Abdul-Basset, Kenyatta Williams   2:49
5. "The Spark"   Thompson, Gray, Hubbard, Abdul-Basset   3:53
6. "Dynamite!"   Trotter, James Yancey, Rehani Sayeed Jay Dee 4:46
7. "Without a Doubt" (featuring Lady B) Trotter, JB Weaver, Melvin Lewis Chaos 4:15
8. "Ain't Sayin' Nothin' New" (featuring Dice Raw) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, Scott Storch Storch (co.) 4:34
9. "Double Trouble" (featuring Mos Def) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, D. Beze, James Poyser Poyser (co.) 5:51
10. "Act Too (The Love of My Life)" (featuring Common) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, Poyser, Lonnie Lynn   4:55
11. "100% Dundee"   Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, Abdul-Bassit, Rozell Brown Gray, Kelo, Rahzel the Godfather of Noyze, 3:54
12. "Diedre vs. Dice" (featuring Dice Raw) Thompson, Jenkins, Diedre Murray   0:47
13. "Adrenaline!" (featuring Dice Raw and Beanie Sigel) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, Abdul-Bassit, Storch, Dwight Grant Storch (co.) 4:28
14. "3rd Acts: ? vs. Scratch 2... Electric Boogaloo"   Thompson, Gray, Hubbard, Abdul-Bassit   0:51
15. "You Got Me" (featuring Erykah Badu and Eve) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, Storch, Jill Scott Storch (co.) 4:19
16. "Don't See Us" (featuring Dice Raw) Thompson, Trotter, Gray, Brown, Jenkins, Jones, Hubbard, Abdul-Basset, Poyser   4:30
17. "The Return to Innocence Lost" (featuring Ursula Rucker) Thompson, Rucker, Anthony Tidd   11:55
18. "Act Fore... The End?"       0:05

Cover artwork[edit]

For a limited time period, Things Fall Apart was made available with a choice of five different front covers. One such cover displays a photograph taken during a riot in the Civil Rights Movement era. In the stark black-and-white photo, riot police are seen chasing two black teenagers on the streets of Bedford-Stuyvesant. In 2005, this cover was included in the book, The Greatest Album Covers Of All Time by Barry Miles, Grant Scott & Johnny Morgan, and published by Collins & Brown.

Charts[edit]

Chart (1999) Peak
position
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[27] 7
US Billboard 200[28] 4
US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums (Billboard)[29] 2

Personnel[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Huey, Steve. "Things Fall Apart – The Roots". AllMusic. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  2. ^ Aaron, Charles (June 2008). "The Spin Interview". Spin. 24 (6): 83–88. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  3. ^ Brackett & Hoard 2004, pp. 702–03.
  4. ^ a b c "Gold & Platinum: The Roots". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Santana's Grammy glory". BBC News. February 24, 2000. Retrieved December 18, 2006. 
  6. ^ a b c Touré (February 8, 1999). "The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 21, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  7. ^ Welte, Jim. "The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Ink Blot Magazine. Archived from the original on November 3, 1999. Retrieved December 18, 2006. 
  8. ^ Washington State University study guide
  9. ^ Peisner, David (August 2008). "Body & Soul". Spin. 24 (8): 64–72. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Questlove 1999, p. 6.
  11. ^ Landy, Ben. "Review: Things Fall Apart". The Yale Herald. Retrieved 2006-12-16. 
  12. ^ Questlove 1999, p. 8.
  13. ^ Questlove 1999, p. 10.
  14. ^ Questlove 1999, p. 11.
  15. ^ "The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Alternative Press (131): 108. June 1999. 
  16. ^ Weingarten, Marc (February 19, 1999). "Things Fall Apart". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  17. ^ Hilburn, Robert (February 28, 1999). "The Roots' 'Things Fall Apart' (MCA)". Los Angeles Times. 
  18. ^ Fadele, Dele (March 23, 1999). "The Roots – Things Fall Apart". NME. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  19. ^ Moore, Marcus (August 28, 2016). "The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved August 28, 2016. 
  20. ^ "The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Q (152): 114. May 1999. 
  21. ^ a b Kulkarni, Neil (March 1999). "Prince Paul: A Prince Among Thieves / The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Spin. 15 (3): 142. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  22. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (March 16, 1999). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  23. ^ "The Roots: Things Fall Apart". Mojo (66): 108. May 1999. 
  24. ^ "Things Fall Apart, The Roots, CD". Barnes & Noble. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2007. 
  25. ^ Jones, Steve (February 23, 1999). "The Roots' latest rap sets itself 'Apart' Fourth album elevates hip-hop with literate, thoughtful grooves". USA Today. p. 02.D. Retrieved August 26, 2009. (subscription required (help)). 
  26. ^ "The Roots: The Paybacks". XXL. August 18, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2006. 
  27. ^ "The Roots – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for The Roots. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  28. ^ "The Roots – Chart history" Billboard 200 for The Roots. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  29. ^ "The Roots – Chart history" Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums for The Roots. Retrieved September 19, 2013.

References[edit]

External links[edit]