Third Swedish Crusade

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First Swedish Crusade
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Third Swedish Crusade

The Third Swedish Crusade to Finland was a Swedish military expedition against pagan karelians in 1293. It followed the First Crusade and the Second Crusade to Finland. As the result of the attack, Viborg Castle was established and western Karelia remained under Swedish rule for over 400 years. The name of the expedition is largely unhistorical, and it was a part of Northern Crusades.

According to Eric Chronicles the reason behind expedition were pagan intrusions to christian territories. Birger Magnussons letter from 4 March 1295 states that the motive of the crusade was long time banditry and looting in Baltic Sea region by karelians and the fact that they had took swedes and other travellers as captives and then tortured them.[1] Karelians had also done destructive expedition to Sweden in 1257.[2]

According to Eric Chronicles swedes conquered 14 hundreds from karelians.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edited by Martti Linna (1989). Suomen varhaiskeskiajan lähteitä. Jyväskylä: Historian Aitta. pp. 109–110. 
  2. ^ Edited by Martti Linna (1989). Suomen varhaiskeskiajan lähteitä. Jyväskylä: Historian Aitta. pp. 82–83.