This Is the Sea
|This Is the Sea|
Cover art by Lynn Goldsmith
|Studio album by The Waterboys|
|Released||16 September 1985|
|Recorded||Park Gates Studio, Hastings, England
Livingstone Studios, London
Seaview Studios, London
The Chocolate Factory, London
R G Jones Recording Studios London
Townhouse Studios, London
Good Earth Studios, London
|Genre||Rock, Progressive rock, Folk rock|
|Producer||Mike Scott, John Brand, Mick Glossop, Karl Wallinger|
|The Waterboys chronology|
This Is the Sea, released in September 1985, is the third The Waterboys album, and the last of their "Big Music" albums. Considered by critics to be the finest album of their early rock-oriented sound, described as "epic" and "a defining moment", it was the first Waterboys album to enter the United Kingdom charts, peaking at number 37. Steve Wickham makes his Waterboys recording debut playing violin on 'The Pan Within' and subsequently joined the band, appearing on the video of "The Whole of the Moon". This Is the Sea is the last album with contributions from Karl Wallinger, who left the group to form his own band, World Party.
Mike Scott, the album's principal songwriter and leader of The Waterboys, describes This Is the Sea as "the record on which I achieved all my youthful musical ambitions", "the final, fully realised expression of the early Waterboys sound", influenced by The Velvet Underground, Van Morrison's Astral Weeks, and Steve Reich. The album was recorded between March and July 1985, and released that October (see 1985 in music). A remastered and expanded version was released in 2004. This Is the Sea contains the best-selling Waterboys single, the song "The Whole of the Moon". The album cover is a photograph taken by Lynn Goldsmith.
Scott began writing songs for This Is the Sea in the spring of 1984, beginning with the song "Trumpets". Scott recalls that in December 1984 "during The Waterboys' first American tour, [he] bought two huge hard-bound books... in which to assemble [his] new songs" For the following two months Scott worked on the songs in his apartment, writing the lyrics, and working on guitar and piano arrangements. Scott wrote between thirty-five and forty songs, but felt that the nine songs that made it onto the album "were the ones that were intended to be there". The first song from the album to be played live was "Trumpets", on 10 April 1984.
The first recording session for This Is the Sea began in March 1985 at Park Gates Studio in Hastings, England with engineer and producer John Brand. Band members Scott, Anthony Thistlethwaite, Karl Wallinger, Kevin Wilkinson, and Roddy Lorimer performed the new material. Wallinger's home studio heard demo recordings for a number of the album's songs. Some of the recordings, like the ones of the last two albums, are relatively untouched by studio engineering. On other recordings, however, Scott added a drum machine and layered the sound, using a studio technique similar to that of the famous record producer Phil Spector, with help from Wallinger. "Having Karl [Wallinger] in the studio", writes Scott, "was like having a one-man orchestra around. There might have been a This Is the Sea without him, but it wouldn't have been the same – or as good". (Nonetheless, it was Wallinger's second and last appearance on a Waterboys' album.)
The recording sessions continued through June. By July, Wickham, after an invitation from Scott, entered the studio with the band to add his fiddle to "The Pan Within". Produced from the original sessions at Park Gates Studio, along with recordings from Livingston Studios in London, Amazon in Liverpool, Seaview, and The Townhouse Studio, among others, the album was released in October. Peter Anderson, writing in Record Collector, describes Scott as "completely at home in the studio" and writes that Scott "spared nothing on" This Is the Sea.
A remastered version was released in 2004, with a second CD of material from the album's singles, and unreleased tracks from the This Is the Sea recording sessions.
This Is the Sea was promoted heavily and reached number 37 on the Top 40 album chart in the UK. Neither of the two preceding albums had charted in the Top 40.
The album was followed by tours in the United Kingdom, and in North America as the headliners. Sinéad O'Connor made her United Kingdom live debut as a backup singer on "The Big Music" at a concert at the London Town and Country Club. In December, The Waterboys joined the band Simple Minds for a European tour. During the three major tours, the band's lineup began to change, and the album received more exposure than its two predecessors. Mike Scott, however, in a decision that expressed the values he had written about when authoring punk rock fanzines, refused to promote the album and the single for "The Whole of the Moon" on Top of the Pops because he would not lip sync, a requirement on the show.
Meiert Avis directed the video for "The Whole of the Moon", using visionary lighting elements based on Helprin's "Winter's Tale" and his memories of a 1962 theatrical production of Charles Kingsley's '"The Water Babies". Avis addressed Scott's aversion to lip syncing, by shooting the visuals for "The Whole of the Moon" while capturing a unique live audio performance of the single. Avis later used this technique on several videos with Bruce Springsteen, who shares Scott's aversion.
Themes of the album include spirituality ("Spirit", "The Pan Within"), romantic love ("Trumpets"), and English politics ("Old England"). Michael Tucker, in an article entitled "The Body Electric: The Shamanic Spirit in Twentieth Century Music", lists This Is the Sea as an example of shamanistic themes in twentieth-century Western music. Irish musician Bono includes the album on his "top ten" list, noting "In rock, the word 'poet' gets thrown around a lot. Not here..."
"Don't Bang the Drum", the lyrics of which encourage environmentalism, was released as a single in Germany, with a song titled "Ways of Men" as the B-side. The first draft of the song's music was written by Wallinger. Scott reworked the arrangement, changing its rhythm and "feel", but Wallinger's melody and chords were preserved.
"The Whole of the Moon", one of The Waterboys' best-known songs and their most commercially successful, was first released as a twelve-inch single, and reached number twenty-eight on the United Kingdom singles chart. The single also contained a live recording of "The Girl in the Swing", from The Waterboys, the band's first album, an extended mix of "Spirit", and a song titled "Medicine Jack". The latter two appear on the second disc of the album's re-release. When the single was reissued in 1990, it reached number 3, and was awarded the Ivor Novello Award in 1991. Including the 2004 remastered album, the song has been officially released four times.
The song began as a "scribble on the back of an envelope on a wintry New York street", after Scott's girlfriend asked him if it was difficult to write a song, and was unfinished at the beginning of the recording sessions, eventually being completed in May 1985. The song, like The Waterboys' first single "A Girl Called Johnny" is a tribute to an inspirational figure. In each line, the singer describes his own perspective and immediately contrasts it with that of the song's subject, summarizing the difference with the line "I saw the crescent / You saw the whole of the moon". "You saw Brigadoon", one of these contrasts, refers to a fictional village that exists only one day every century (from the musical of the same name).
The subject of the song has inspired some speculation. Musician Nikki Sudden, with whom Scott had collaborated before forming The Waterboys, said that Scott told Max Edie, the backup singer for "The Whole of the Moon", that the song was written about Sudden. Allmusic instead suggests that its subject is actually a number of people who inspired Scott, including Christian writer C. S. Lewis and the musician Prince. Scott himself says that he "couldn't have written" the song without having read Mark Helprin's novel Winter's Tale, but goes on to state that the song is not about Helprin. The official Waterboys website's Frequently Asked Questions clarifies that Scott has said that the song's subject is "a composite of many people", including C. S. Lewis, but explicitly states that it is not about Prince.
A feature of "The Whole of the Moon" is the trumpet work on the recording, courtesy of the classically trained Lorimer. Lorimer spent three days with Scott working on the song's arrangement. According to Lorimer, he "went home with a tape of the song and thought about a more classical approach. After a while sitting at the piano I came up with the idea of antiphonal trumpets. A piccolo trumpet on the left answered a piccolo on the right and then the same again, growing by adding a Bb trumpet below each side of the stereo picture. Mike [Scott] loved it, except the slightly jazzy chords I had used on the run down at the very end, which he simplified. I used the same classical approach later in the song, mixing two classical-type trumpets behind a later verse." Lorimer also contributes falsetto background vocals to the song, while Thistlethwaite, another brass section member, performs a saxophone solo near the end.
The album version of "The Whole of the Moon" demonstrates Lorimer's contribution.
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"The Whole of the Moon" was covered by Jennifer Warnes on her 1992 album The Hunter, by Mandy Moore on her 2003 album Coverage, by the band Human Drama on the compilation album New Wave Goes to Hell and by folk singer-songwriter Peter Mulvey on his 1995 release Rapture. It has also appeared on numerous other compilations.
"Spirit", a song praising the resilience of the human spirit, originally appeared on a short, one-and-a-half minute version. A full four-minute version of the song was released on the 2004 remastered disc.
The lyrics of "The Pan Within" are partly derived from meditation techniques ("Close your eyes / Breathe slow / And we'll begin"). It was the first of two Waterboys songs about the Ancient Greek god Pan, which have been played as a medley at Waterboys concerts. Scott describes the song's guitar solo as "[consisting] of a series of phrases or lines/melodies that generally build in an order (which may change), though which includes a lot of improvisation which is different each night. The lines have never been 'tabbed' or written down... The song is in Aminor (the chords under the solo are F – Em – Am – Am repeated)". The second Pan song, "The Return of Pan", appears on the album Dream Harder. "The Pan Within" is the first Waterboys song to feature Wickham's fiddle playing. It was selected as one of DWXB-FM's Hits of 1986. In Southeast Asia, particularly in the Philippines, when the New Wave era started in 1985, the group's biggest hit single is "The Pan Within", aside from "The Whole Of The Moon" and "Don't Bang The Drum".
An alternative version of "Medicine Bow" was released as a single in Germany, with an instrumental version of "Don't Bang the Drum" for the 7-inch. The 12-inch contained another mix of "Medicine Bow" and "Ways of Men". Scott writes that he invented the name, and was unaware of Medicine Bow, Wyoming. The album's re-release contains a "full length" version of the song that contains an instrumental "piano storm – from first sonic droplets of rain to final crashing thunder and lightning" performed by Adrian Johnston.
"Old England" is a criticism of Thatcherism, blaming Margaret Thatcher's economic policies for what Scott perceived to be an increase in desperation amongst the young and poor in the England of that time, and a rise in drug addiction, specifically to heroin. The refrain, "Old England is dying" is a quote from James Joyce, and the lines "You're asking what makes me sigh now / What it is makes me shudder so" are from W.B. Yeats' poem, "Mad as the Mist and Snow". The Clash, one of the bands that had inspired Scott during his punk music phase, released "This Is England", a song with a similar theme, as a single the same year. Scott and The Waterboys would move to Ireland the following year.
"Trumpets", a love song, was the first song written for the album, in the spring of 1984, and the first song from the album to be performed live. It quotes from "I'm Only Sleeping", a recording by The Beatles.
The title track, the last song on the original release, has a slower tempo than most of the other arrangements. Scott notes that he wrote over twenty verses for the song, some of which wound up included on the "alter ego" of "This Is the Sea", "That Was the River", which was released in 1994 on The Secret Life of the Waterboys. The song "This Is the Sea" was first performed in Worcester on 2 December 1984, and a longer version than would eventually appear on the album, was played at a benefit concert for miners in February 1985. The subject of the lyrics is conflicted about their present ("You've got a war in your head / And it's tearing you up inside"), and nostalgic for a past clarity ("And you know you once held the key"). The speaker instead argues that the past is irrelevant ("But that was the river / This is the sea)".
Those additional tracks on the re-release that are not alternative versions of songs originally appearing on the album were recorded in the same recording sessions.
"This Is the Sea" was played in the end credits to the documentary Riding Giants.
|Rolling Stone||(not rated) |
|The Rough Guide to Rock||(favourable)|
All songs written by Mike Scott except where noted.
- "Don't Bang the Drum" (Scott, Karl Wallinger) – 6:46
- "The Whole of the Moon" – 4:58
- "Spirit" – 1:50
- "The Pan Within" – 6:13
- "Medicine Bow" (Scott, Anthony Thistlethwaite) – 2:45
- "Old England" – 5:32
- "Be My Enemy" – 4:16
- "Trumpets" – 3:37
- "This Is the Sea" – 6:29
Bonus disc track listing
- "Beverly Penn" – 5:38
- "Sleek White Schooner" – 3:44
- "Medicine Bow" (Full Length) (Scott, Thistlethwaite) – 5:44
- "Medicine Jack" – 4:11
- "High Far Soon" – 2:05
- "Even the Trees Are Dancing" – 4:27
- "Towers Open Fire" – 4:34
- "This Is the Sea" (Live) – 5:53
- "Then You Hold Me" – 4:56
- "Spirit" (Full Length) – 4:11
- "Miracle" – 1:14
- "I Am Not Here" – 0:22
- "Sweet Thing" (Van Morrison) – 7:11
- "The Waves" – 6:38
- Mike Scott – vocals, lead guitar, rhythm guitar, piano, percussion, synthesiser, drum machine programming, bells and effects
- Anthony Thistlethwaite – saxophone, double bass, bass guitar, mandolin
- Karl Wallinger – bass synth, piano, organ, keyboard programming, synthesiser, celeste, percussion and backing vocals
- Steve Wickham – violin
- Marek Lipski – violin
- Roddy Lorimer – trumpet, background vocals
- Stewart Bartlett - French horn
- Kevin Wilkinson – bass guitar, drums
- Martin Swain – bass guitar
- Chris Whitten – drums, cymbals
- Pete Thomas – snare drum
- Martin Ditcham – percussion
- Max Edie – background vocals
- Lu Edmonds – Bass
- Matthew Seligman – Bass
- Adrian Johnston – piano (re-release only)
- Mike Scott (tracks 1, 2 & 8)
- Mike Scott & Mick Glossop (tracks 5, 6, 7 & 9)
- Mike Scott, John Brand & Mick Glossop (track 4)
- Mike, Scott, Mick Glossop & Karl Wallinger (track 3)
- "Allmusic review". Retrieved October 22, 2005.
- Mick Fitzsimmons. "Must Have Waterboys". BBC: Critical List. Archived from the original on May 19, 2006. Retrieved October 22, 2005.
- "Mike Scott, March 2003". Retrieved May 5, 2006.
- Scott, Mike (2004). "Recording Notes". This Is the Sea. EMI. p. 5.
- "1984 Tour Archive". mikescottwaterboys.com. Retrieved December 6, 2005.
- "Archive 1978–85". mikescottwaterboys.com. Retrieved December 6, 2005.
- Peter Anderson. "Mike Scott/Waterboys biography". Record Collector magazine. Archived from the original on May 3, 2005. Retrieved October 22, 2005.
- Michael Tucker (1996). "The Body Electric: The Shamanic Spirit in Twentieth Century Music". Contemporary Music Review. Routledge. 14 (Music & Mysticism): 67–97. doi:10.1080/07494469600640171. ISBN 978-3-7186-5930-2.
- "News:Bono's Top Ten List". U2 station. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
- Dodd, Philip (2005). The Book of Rock: From the 1950s to Today. Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 480.
- Nikki Sudden. "A Few Mike Scott stories". Excerpts from Nikki Sudden's Autobiography. Retrieved October 23, 2005.
- "Review of The Whole of the Moon". Allmusic. Retrieved October 24, 2005.
- "FAQ". mikescottwaterboys. Retrieved October 23, 2005.
- "Roddy Lorimer". Kick Horns Line Up. Retrieved October 31, 2005.
- "KTB Pan Within Guitar Solo". All Mike Scott Waterboys forums. Retrieved October 25, 2005.
- Monger, James Christopher. "The Waterboys This Is the Sea review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Smith, Mat (October 1985). "The Waterboys This Is The Sea". Melody Maker. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- "The Waterboys This Is the Sea review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Buckley, Peter; Browton, Ben; Furmanovsky, Jill; Gillett, Charlie (2003). "The Waterboys". The Rough Guide to Rock (3 ed.). Rough Guides Ltd. ISBN 1-85828-457-0. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Dome, Malcolm (1 November 1985). "The Waterboys 'This Is The Sea'". Kerrang!. 106. London, UK: Morgan Grampian. p. 24.
- Unattributed. Scott, Mike (2004). "Recording Notes". This is the Sea. EMI. p. 5.