This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Alabama State Senate|
|Alabama State Legislature|
New session started
|February 2, 2016|
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Alabama Constitution|
|November 4, 2014
|November 6, 2018
|State Senate Chamber
Alabama State Capitol
|Alabama State Senate|
The Alabama State Senate is the upper house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alabama. The body is composed of 35 members representing an equal amount of districts across the state, with each district containing at least 127,140 citizens. Similar to the lower house, the Alabama House of Representatives, the Senate serves both without term limits and with a four-year term
While the House of Representatives has exclusive power to originate revenue bills, such legislation can be amended and/or substituted by the Senate. Moreover, because the Senate is considered to be the "deliberative body", rules concerning length of debate are more liberal than those of the House of Representatives.
Like the United States Senate, the Alabama Senate has sole power of Confirmation of certain appointees designated by the Constitution and by statute. The legislative antecedent of this role is a similar power that was vested in the Roman Senate during the Roman Republic.
The Alabama Senate is composed of 35 state senators, in keeping with Article IV, Section 50, of the Alabama Constitution, which limits the Alabama House of Representatives to 105 members, and the Senate to 35; together with Article IX, Sections 197 and 198, which requires that membership in the state senate consist of not less than one-fourth, nor more than one-third, of the total membership of the state House of Representatives. Additional representation is authorized in the event of the creation of new counties. Thus, the Alabama Senate is precisely one-third the size of the House of Representatives, and each state senator represents a district of approximately 125,000 Alabamians.
Under Article IV, Section 47 of the Constitution, Senators must be at least 25 years of age at the time of their election, must be citizens and residents of the state of Alabama for at least 3 years, and reside within their district for at least one year prior to election.
Senators, like members of the House of Representatives, are elected for four-year terms, and take office at midnight of the day of their election. Amendment 97 to the Constitution, provides that should a vacancy occur in either house of the Legislature, the governor is required to call a special election to fill the vacancy.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Beginning 2015–19 term||26||1||8||35||0|
|Latest voting share||79.4%||20.6%|
List of State Senators
|District||Senator||Political Party||Hometown||First elected||Counties represented|
|1||Tim Melson||Republican||Florence||2014||Lauderdale, Limestone, Madison|
|2||William L. Holtzclaw||Republican||Madison||2010||Limestone, Madison|
|3||Arthur Orr||Republican||Decatur||2006||Limestone, Madison, Morgan|
|4||Paul D. Bussman||Republican||Cullman||2010||Cullman, Lawrence, Marion, Winston|
|5||Gregory J. Reed||Republican||Jasper||2010||Jefferson, Fayette, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston|
|6||Larry C. Stutts||Republican||Tuscumbia||2014||Colbert, Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Marion|
|8||Steve Livingston||Republican||Gurley||2014||DeKalb, Jackson, Madison|
|9||Clay Scofield||Republican||Arab||2010||Blount, DeKalb, Madison, Marshall|
|10||Phillip W. Williams||Republican||Gadsden||2010||Cherokee, DeKalb, Etowah, St. Clair|
|11||Jim McClendon||Republican||Springville||2014||Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega|
|12||Del Marsh||Republican||Anniston||1998||Calhoun, Clay, Talladega|
|13||Jerry Dial||Republican||Lineville||2010||Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Randolph|
|14||Cam Ward||Republican||Alabaster||2010||Bibb, Chilton, Hale, Jefferson, Shelby|
|15||Mark S. Blackwell||Republican||Mountain Brook||2010||Jefferson, Shelby, Talladega|
|16||James Thomas Waggoner||Republican||Birmingham||1990||Jefferson, Shelby|
|17||Shay Shelnutt||Republican||Trussville||2014||Blount, Calhoun, Jefferson, St. Clair|
|18||Rodger M. Smitherman||Democratic||Birmingham||1994||Jefferson|
|21||Gerald H. Allen||Republican||Tuscaloosa||2010||Lamar, Pickens, Tuscaloosa|
|22||Greg Albritton||Republican||Range||2014||Baldwin, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Escambia, Mobile, Monroe, Washington|
|23||Hank Sanders||Democratic||Selma||1982||Butler, Clarke, Conecuh, Dallas, Lowndes, Marengo, Monroe, Perry, Washington, Wilcox|
|24||Bobby D. Singleton||Democratic||Greensboro||2005||Choctaw, Clarke, Greene, Hale, Marengo, Perry, Pickens, Sumter, Tuscaloosa|
|25||Dick L. Brewbaker||Republican||Montgomery||2010||Crenshaw, Elmore, Montgomery|
|27||Thomas Whatley||Republican||Auburn||2010||Lee, Russell, Tallapoosa|
|28||William M. Beasley||Democratic||Clayton||2010||Barbour, Bullock, Henry, Lee, Macon, Russell|
|29||Harri Anne Smith||Independent (Caucuses Republican)||Slocomb||1998||Dale, Geneva, Houston|
|30||Clyde Chambliss||Republican||Prattville||2014||Autauga, Chilton, Coosa, Elmore, Tallapoosa|
|31||Jimmy W. Holley||Republican||Elba||1998||Coffee, Covington, Dale, Pike|
|32||Lee "Trip" Pitman||Republican||Fairhope||2007||Baldwin|
|33||Vivian Davis Figures||Democratic||Mobile||1997||Mobile|
|35||Bill Hightower||Republican||Tillman's Corner||2013||Mobile|
Past composition of the Senate
(a) Beginning in 1902 all Senators were elected at the same time, every four years.
(b) The elections that were supposed to take place in 1982 were delayed a year due to a class action suit over reapportionment.
(c) Republican Harri Anne Smith was barred from running for reelection as a Republican due to her endorsement of Democrat Bobby Bright in the 2008 election in Alabama's 2nd congressional district, but garnered enough signatures in the district to run as an Independent.
Leadership of the Senate
The Lieutenant Governor of Alabama serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the full Senate by nominations taken from the floor, followed by a recorded vote. The President Pro Tempore is the chief leadership position in the Senate. The other Senate Majority and Minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.
The President of the Senate is the Lieutenant Governor, which is currently Vacant. The President Pro Tempore is Del Marsh. The Majority Leader is Republican Greg Reed and the Minority Leader is Democrat Quinton Ross.
Current committees include:
The Senate Seal features an open book and torch, accompanied by the Latin phrase Libertas Per Lege, meaning "Liberty Through Law". The official Seal of the Senate was adopted by Senate Resolution, August 19, 1965, and was created by a special committee consisting of then Senators John Tyson (Mobile), Vaughan Hill Robison (Montgomery), Bill Nichols (Talladega), Lieutenant Governor Jim Allen and Secretary of the Senate McDowell Lee.
- Government of Alabama
- Alabama State Capitol
- Alabama House of Representatives
- American Legislative Exchange Council members
- "1980s Redistricting Case Summaries".
- Grace, Lila. Senator Harri Anne Smith Approved To Run As Independent. WDHN, 2010-06-16.
- "Alabama Senate Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-09.