Timeline of Zemun history

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The following tables list the main events in history of Zemun (part of Belgrade, Serbia).

Ancient times and Middle Ages[edit]

Remains of a Roman sarcophagus found in Zemun
Relief of a maenad, found in Zemun
Taurunum on Tabula Peutingeriana
Dates Events
Before Common Era Neolithic settlement; Scordisci, Romans and Celts are mentioned as rulers of the area
1st quarter of 1st century CE Romans found Taurunum, after a rebellion of Celts in 6–8 AD
1st century CE Pliny mentions Taurunum as the second most important settlement in Syrmia
4th century CE Taurunum appears on Tabula Peutingeriana, a map of Roman road network
around 440 Huns destroy Taurunum; no further mentioning of a settlement for several centuries
5th - 8th century Ostrogoths, Lombards and Avars ruled the area
795 Franks conquer Syrmia; this was followed by colonization, including Zemun;
however, it is unclear how the Francs called the settlement
827 Bulgarian Empire conquers Zemun and call it Земльн (Zemlyn - (town) made of earth)
end of 9th century The Kingdom of Hungary conquers Zemun and call it Zimony
1018 Acquisition by the Byzantine Empire
1071 Kingdom of Hungary reconquers Zemun
1096 Crusaders of the First Crusade burn Zemun and kill 8,000 Zemuners; because they were routed at first, they call Zemun Malevilla (Evil Town)
1128 Kingdom of Hungary, under Stephen II, destroys Belgrade and use the masonry to reinforce Zemun fort
1151 Byzantines plunder and burn Zemun and reuse its masonry to reinforce Belgrade fortress;
however, by the terms of peace treaty, Kingdom of Hungary retake Zemun
summer 1164 Byzantines burn Zemun and kill most of its inhabitants
1166 Kingdom of Hungary retakes Zemun
1241 Mongols conquer the area for a short while
1260 First mentioning of Franciscans in Zemun
1268 Serbs acquire Syrmia as a dowry by Elizabeth the Cuman, Hungarian princess to king Dragutin;
Serbs call the town Земун (Zemun) - the name it bears today
1319 Kingdom of Hungary conquers Syrmia, including Zemun
1353 Serbian emperor Dušan conquers Syrmia
Around 1370 Reconquest of Syrmia by the Kingdom of Hungary
1396 Ottoman Turks plunder Zemun
1412 Zemun, along with some other towns, is acquired by Serbs, by the treaty between Serbian despot Stefan
and Hungarian king Sigismund
1434 Kingdom of Hungary acquires Zemun as a dowry of Serbian despot Đurađ's daughter Catherine to Hungarian count Ulrich II of Celje
1453 Ottomans destroy the Franciscan church and convent in Zemun
Around July 10, 1521 Ottomans burn and plunder Zemun; it remains under their control for almost 200 years, with very few written traces from this period
1573 First mentioning of an Orthodox church in Zemun

Historic rulers of Zemun up to 20th century[edit]

Romans found Taurunum
Huns destroy Taurunum
Земльн / Zimony / Semlin / Zemun / Земун

Early modern period[edit]

Ottoman Zemun in 1608
Map of Zemun from 1688
Signing of Belgrade Treaty
Dimitrije Davidović
Zemun in 1791
Map of Zemun Contumaz from 1830
Zemun around 1850
Millennium tower
Danube at Zemun in April 2006
Dates Events
1688 Habsburgs burn and plunder Zemun; they call it Semlin
1690 Ottomans retake Zemun
around July 10, 1717 Eugene of Savoy conquers Zemun; it remained under the Habsburgs for the next 201 years
1728 First Zemun school is established by the friar order of Capuchins
1730 A quarantine zone, so-called Contumaz is built (dismantled in 1842)
1739 Ottomans retake Belgrade; many Christians flee to Zemun
September 18, 1739 Treaty of Belgrade, between the Ottoman Empire and Habsburg Monarchy, is signed at Zemun bank of Sava
December 25, 1744 First Catholic mass is held in Zemun
1745 Zemun is part of the re-established Syrmia County in the Croatian Kingdom of Slavonia
Autumn 1751 Zemun Community Magistrate, a local government institution, is formed;
Marko Nikolić is appointed the first Town Mayor (officially: "Town Judge") in Zemun's history
1772 Census is held; Zemun has 3,829 inhabitants, 12 guilds, 2 taverns and 6 watermills
1776 First synagogue in Zemun is mentioned
1779 First brewery in Zemun is mentioned
April 1789 First hospital in Zemun, and the oldest one in today's Serbia, is built
October 12, 1789 Dimitrije Davidović, the author of first Serbian Constitution and the establisher of first
Serbian newspapers, is born in Zemun
October 18 to 20, 1817 Emperor Franz I visits Zemun
January 26, 1825 First library in Zemun, and the oldest one in today's Serbia, is established
April 1848 Along with other contemporary revolutions, citizens of Zemun forced the town government to
give up their authority; after a brief period of anarchy, they formed the Town council; this lasted until August 1849.
During the revolution, Zemun was one of the capitals of Serbian Vojvodina
1848–1852 Representatives from Zemun were part of the Croatian Sabor[1][2]
September 23, 1858 Zemun High School is officially established; initially, it has 21 students
May 29, 1867 Austrian Empire transforms into Austria-Hungary
January 1, 1871 Zemun is proclaimed Free Imperial Town; Community Magistrate is replaced by Town Government
April 1876 Eastern parts of Zemun are flooded by Danube; damage is estimated to 150,000 forints
1879 to 1886 In the place where Contumaz stood, Town Park (Gradski park) of 7.7 hectares is planted
1881 Zemun and the Croatian-Slavonian military frontier is incorporated into the Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia
December 10, 1883 Railway track between Budapest and Zemun is finished; one year later, Zemun is also connected to Belgrade
1886 to 1889 Zemun quay, a several kilometres long levee, is built
spring 1895 Once more, Danube flooded Zemun; this time, the damage was estimated to 200,000 forints
1896 Millennium Tower is erected in Zemun, to mark 1000 years of Hungarian state; today, the tower is
the most famous Zemun landmark
December 1900 Electric street lighting is installed and put to function

20th and 21st century[edit]

Dates Events
July 28, 1914 World War I begins with shelling of Belgrade (Serbia) from Zemun (Austria-Hungary);
On September 10, Serbian army conquers Zemun, but is forced to retreat three days later
October 29, 1918 Kingdom of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia declares independence from Austria and Hungary and enters the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs with Zemun part of it.[3][4]
November 5, 1918 Serbian army enters Zemun
November 25, 1918 Great National Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs declared joining of the province of Banat, Bačka and Baranja with Kingdom of Serbia mentioning Syrmia, but was disputed by the National Council of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.[5]
December 1, 1918 The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (with Zemun part of it) entered a union with the Kingdom of Serbia to form Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1921 A census is held; Zemun has 18,528 inhabitants
March 25, 1927 A civil/military airfield, the first in Kingdom of S, C. and S., begins operation on the outskirts of Zemun;
the first domestic commercial flight (Zemun–Zagreb) was on February 15, 1928
1928 Kingdom's Air Force Headquarters are situated in Zemun
January 6, 1929 Kingdom of S, C. and S. is renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1932 Faculty of Agriculture And Forestry is moved to Zemun
1934 Zemun becomes a municipality of the City of Belgrade
April 6, 1941 Nazi Germany bombs Belgrade in World War II; Zemun remains almost intact
April 12, 1941 Axis forces enter Zemun; it becomes part of Independent State of Croatia
December 1941 On Zemun bank of the Sava, Sajmište concentration camp (officially: Judenlager Semlin) is built;
more than 10,000 people perish in it until September 1944, when it was dismantled
July 27, 1942 Nazis deport the remaining Zemun Jews to extermination camps of Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška
April to September 1944 Belgrade and Zemun are heavily bombed by Allied Forces
October 22, 1944 Partisans and Red Army enter Zemun; it becomes part of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (since 1945,
Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia)
October 22, 1945 Once again, Zemun becomes a municipality of City of Belgrade
1952 A part of Zemun municipality is seceded to form Novi Beograd
April 28, 1962 A new, larger airport begins operation in Zemun municipal territory; the old airfield ceases operation in 1964
April 1963 FPRY is renamed to Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1950s – 1980s Along with Belgrade's population boom, the population of Zemun triples as many new neighbourhoods are built
April 27, 1992 After the breakup of SFRY, Serbia and Montenegro form Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
mid-1990's Some 40,000 refugees of Yugoslav wars settle in Zemun municipality
April 1999 Air Force Headquarters and military barracks in Zemun are destroyed during NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
February 4, 2003 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is renamed to Serbia and Montenegro
March 12, 2003 Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić is assassinated in Belgrade; many of the conspirators belonged to Zemun Clan
November 24, 2003 A large area of Zemun municipality is seceded to form Surčin municipality
March 16, 2006 Belgrade is elected Southern European City of the Future
April 2006 The Danube rises to the very edge of Zemun quay, but doesn't flood it, except at its few lowest points
June 5, 2006 After the secession of Montenegro, Republic of Serbia proclaims independence
October 2011 Census, the last one to date, is held; town of Zemun has over 150,000 inhabitants and municipality – over 165,000
December 18, 2014 Pupin Bridge, Zemun's first ever bridge across the Danube is opened for traffic
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Independent State of Croatia
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tanner, Marcus (2001). Croatia : a nation forged in war (2nd ed.). New Haven; London: Yale University Press, p. 86-87
  2. ^ Tanner, Marcus (2001). Croatia : a nation forged in war (2nd ed.). New Haven; London: Yale University Press, p. 104
  3. ^ Hrvatska Država, newspaper Public proclamation of the Sabor 29.10.1918. Issued 29.10.1918. no. 299. p.1.
  4. ^ Budisavljević Srđan, Stvaranje Države SHS, (Creation of the state of SCS), Zagreb, 1958, p. 133.-135.
  5. ^ Budisavljević Srđan, Stvaranje Države SHS, (Creation of the state of SCS), Zagreb, 1958