Timeline of Belgrade history

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Timeline of the History of Belgrade
Historical period Events
Starčevo culture
  • 6200-5200 BCE
Vinča culture
  • 5500–4500 BCE: Vinča culture is born in what is today Belgrade's suburb of Vinča. Within the coming two millennia it evolves into a dominant neolithic culture in Europe, especially influencing the Balkans. Sometimes this era is called the First Golden Age of Belgrade. By 3000 BC Vinča culture disperses into several sub-cultures.
Barbarian invasions
Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire
  • 395: Singidunum becomes a northwestern frontier city of the Eastern Roman Empire after the death of Theodosius I (r. 379–395)



invasions 5th century

  • 441: The Huns destroy the city. Attila resides in the city.
  • 450: Sarmatians are holding Singidunum.
  • 470: The Ostrogoths expel the Sarmatians.
  • 476: Western Roman Empire collapses. The city becomes a border-town towards the hostile Germanic tribes.
  • 488: The Gepids conquer Singidunum.
  • 504: The Goths capture it again.

Frankish rule/

Serbian arrival

6–9th centuries

  • 510: A peace treaty handed over the city to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 535: Byzantine emperor Justinian I rebuilds Singidunum.
  • 584: The Avars conquer and sack it.
  • 592: Byzantine Empire regains the city.
  • 7th century: The Avars destroy it again.
  • 630: The Slavs conquer Singidunum.

Bulgarian/ Hungarian rule

9th–11th centuries

  • 827: The Bulgarians control the fortress. The city is called by Western sources Alba Bulgarica.
  • Frankish Empire temporary annexes Taurunum, today's northern Belgrade.
  • 16 April 878: First known written record of the Slavic name Beligrad.
  • 896: Army of Hungarians attack Belgrade.
  • 1018: The Byzantine emperor Basil II seizes Belgrade from the Bulgarian Empire. Occasional clashes with Hungary.
  • 1072: Belgrade was retaken by Byzantine Empire.
  • 1096: The city was destroyed by Hungarians, but the Byzantine Empire remained in control of it.
Hungarian/Byzantine/Bulgarian rule 11th–12th centuries
  • 1096–1189: The Crusaders are passing through Belgrade.
  • 1127: Hungarian king Stefan II destroys Belgrade and used the obtained stones to build a fortress in Zemun.
  • 1154: Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus destroys Zemun and takes the stones back to rebuild Belgrade.
  • 1182: Hungary attack and sacked the city.
  • 1185: Byzantine Empire regained it by diplomacy but loses to the newly reestablished Bulgarian Empire.
Serbian/Hungarian/Bulgarian rule 13th century
  • 1202: The Hungarians seize Belgrade.
  • 1203: The Bulgarians retake the city.
  • 1213: The city is given to Hungary by emperor Boril.
  • 1221: Belgrade is returned to Bulgaria.
  • 1246: The city becomes part of Hungary.
  • 1284: The Hungarians gift to the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin; this is the first time that Belgrade comes under Serbian rule.
Hungarian rule 14th–16th centuries
Ottoman/Austrian rule 16th–19th centuries
Ottoman/Serbian rule 1804–1878
Serbian rule 1878–1914
Austro-Hungarian/Serbian rule 1914–18
Kingdom of Serbia 1918
  • 24 November 1918: The Assembly of Syrmia proclaims the secession of Syrmia from the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and unification with the Kingdom of Serbia, thus unifying Belgrade with Zemun in the same state.
  • 25 November 1918: The Great people's assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs proclaims the unification of Banat, Bačka and Baranja with the Kingdom of Serbia, thus unifying Belgrade and the settlements on the Danube's left bank in the same state.
Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1918–1941
  • 1 December 1918: Belgrade becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. The document was signed at Krsmanović's House at Terazije.[1]
  • 28 January [O.S. 15 January] 1919: In order to coordinate the dating in different parts of the newly formed state, the territories of former Serbia and Montenegro adopt Gregorian calendar, which had already been in use in the other parts of the kingdom.
  • 1923: ParisBudapest air line extended to Belgrade.
  • 25 March 1927: The first Belgrade airport (Dojno polje Airport) opened.
  • 6 January 1929: King Aleksandar Karađorđević dissolved the National Assembly and started his dictatorship. Belgrade becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  • 24 March 1929: Radio Belgrade started broadcasting.
  • 1 April 1934: Zemun annexed to the City of Belgrade.
  • 27 October 1935: The first bridge over the Danube, the Pančevački most (Bridge of Pančevo) is built.
  • 11 September 1937: Belgrade Fair opened.
  • 20 May 1938: Drying out of the wetland on the Sava's left bank begins, making place for the future New Belgrade.
  • 14 December 1939: Leftist students' protests against the government, poverty and war. During the police breakdown of the demonstrations, five to ten protesters are killed (depending on the sources).
  • 27 March 1941: Huge protests against joining the Axis.
  • 6–8 April 1941: Nazi Germany bombs Belgrade (Operation Retribution). 2,271-4,000 casualties, depending on the sources. Many public and private buildings completely destroyed, including the building of the National Library of Serbia, along with an invaluable collection of books, manuscripts, charters, old maps, journals and many other documents. The Royal Yugoslav Army, while retreating, destroys all the bridges crossing Sava and Danube.
Nazi occupation 1941–1944
  • 12 April 1941: Belgrade is occupied by German forces.
  • April 1941-October 1944: Belgrade is occupied and divided. Old part of the city becomes a part of Nazi Germany and the capital of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia, governed by puppet Government of National Salvation. The settlements on the Danube's left bank become a part of the Banat autonomous region, formally responsible to the puppet governments in Belgrade, but in practice governed by its Volksdeutsche (ethnic German) minority, while Zemun becomes a part of the Independent State of Croatia. Four concentration camps have operated on the territory of the occupied Belgrade: Sajmište, Banjica, Topovske Šupe, and Milišić's brickyard. Approximately 50,000 people have died in these camps, most of them in Sajmište concentration camp, on the territory controlled by the Independent State of Croatia.
  • 1942: The Germans, using forced labour, build Old Sava Bridge.
  • April–September 1944: The Allies have bombed Belgrade eleven times. 1,000 - 5,000 civilian casualties, depending on the sources.
  • 14 September 1944 – 24 November 1944: Belgrade Offensive by the units of the Soviet Red Army and the Yugoslav Partisans. The main battles in the Belgrade's urban area took place 28 September 1944 – 20 October 1944.
  • 20 October 1944: Liberation of Belgrade. Miladin Zarić, an ordinary citizen, saves Old Sava Bridge from demolition, by cutting the detonator wires, making it the only large bridge in Europe, beside Ludendorff Bridge, that the Germans didn't succeed in demolishing while retreating. This way, the Soviet troops manage to cross Sava river and to definitely expel the Germans from the city.
  • 22 October 1944: Liberation of Zemun.
Communist Yugoslavia 1944–1991
Serbia and Montenegro 1992–2006
Independent Serbia 2006–present

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cultural monument of great value Krsmanović's House at Terazije, 34, Terazije Street". Cultural Properties of Belgrade (beogradskonasledje). Retrieved 28 December 2016. 

External links[edit]