Tirta Empul temple (Indonesian: Pura Tirta Empul) is a Hindu Balinese water temple located near the town of Tampaksiring, Bali Island, Indonesia. The temple compound consists of petirtaan or bathing structure famous for its holy spring water, where Hindu Bali people go for ritual purification. The temple pond has spring which gives out fresh water regularly, which is considered as holy or amritha by local Hindu Bali people. Tirta Empul means Holy Spring in Balinese.
Construction of the temple
Tirta Empul Temple was built in 962 A.D. during the Warmadewa dynasty (from the 10th to 14th centuries), at a site where there was a large water spring. The name of the temple are taken from the ground water source which is named "Tirta Empul". The temple is divided into three section Jaba Pura (front yard), Jaba Tengah (central yard) dan Jeroan (inner yard). In Jaba Tengah there are 2 pool with 30 showers which is named accordingly: Pengelukatan, Pebersihan, Sudamala dan Pancuran Cetik (poison).
On the left side of the temple is a modern villa on the hill. built for President Sukarno's visit in 1954, which is now used as a rest house for important guests.
"Bali Handbook" by Bill Dalton - Moon Travel Handbooks, First Edition December 1989, pag. 490/491: "Seeking protective blessings and deliverance from illness, people journey from all over Bali to bath in this sacred cleansing spring where terrifying garuda scowl down on naked bathers floating among the lily pads. Seeing it on a rainy day adds even more mystery to the site."