Tlumach (Ukrainian: Тлумач; also referred to as Tovmach, Polish: Tłumacz, Yiddish: טאלמיטש) is a small city located in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Tlumach Raion (district). Population: 8,975 (2016 est.). In 2001, population was around 8,800.
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From the first partition of Poland in 1772 until 1918, the town (named Tłumacz) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 78 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Austrian Galicia province (Crown land) in 1900. The fate of this province was then disputed between Poland and Russia, until the Peace of Riga in 1921, attributing Galicia to the Second Polish Republic.
A post-office was opened in 1858.
Tłumacz was the seat of a Powiat (district) in the Second Polish Republic. In 1921, its population was around 5,000, consisting mostly of Poles and 2,012 Jews. The Ukrainians dominated in the villages around the town. During World War II, the Germans murdered the Jews, and those Poles who survived were forced by the Soviets to leave Tlumacz after 1945. Most of them settled in Lower Silesia; they organized themselves into the Association of Inhabitants of Tlumacz, which is located in Wrocław.
In Ukrainian the word means interpreter of the one who explains the meaning of words. Possibly it was named by the White Croats that once inhibited the area.
- Local orientation
- Regional orientation
People from Tlumach
- Stanislaw Bober – Polish photographer and painter,
- Maria Dawska – Polish painter,
- Ostap Ortwin – Polish journalist and literary critic,
- Jozef Woroszczak – Polish politician.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
- Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850–1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
- "ShtetLinks Page – Tlumach". shtetlinks.jewishgen.org. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
- "Ukraine trip 34: October 25 to November 10, 2012". yahadmap.org. Retrieved 2017-07-15.[permanent dead link]
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