Tobermory distillery

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Coordinates: 56°37′14″N 6°4′14″W / 56.62056°N 6.07056°W / 56.62056; -6.07056 (Tobermory distillery)

Tobermory distillery
Region: Isle of Mull
OwnerDistell
Founded1798
FounderJohn Sinclair
Statusactive
No. of stills
  • 4 Wash stills
  • 4 Spirit stills
Websitetobermorydistillery.com
10 year old
Age(s)10 years old
15 year old
Age(s)15 years old
Ledaig (standard, sherry, 15, 20, 31, 32)

Tobermory distillery is a Scotch whisky distillery situated on the Hebridean island of Mull, Scotland in the town of Tobermory. The distillery, which was formerly known as Ledaig (pronounced Letch-ick), was founded in 1798 and has changed hands several times, having undergone a number of periods of closure. The only distillery on Mull, it is currently owned by Burn Stewart Distillers, a subsidiary of Distell Group Limited of South Africa. Its main product, Tobermory single malt, is used in the blends Scottish Leader and Black Bottle. The distillery also produces a smaller amount of peated whisky, which remains known under the former name, Ledaig.

History[edit]

The distillery was founded as Ledaig distillery in 1798 by John Sinclair,[1] ten years after the founding of Tobermory by the British Fisheries Society.[2] Sinclair had originally arrived in the village as a merchant dealing with soda ash from burning the locally available kelp. In April 1797, he applied for 57 acres to the south of the harbor in order to build houses and a distillery. Distilling had been banned in the UK since 1795 in order to save grain for the War of the First Coalition with France.[2] Although he was originally told to build a brewery instead, he remained with the original plan and additionally built a pier known as "Sinclair's Quay".[2]

The current buildings were constructed during that first period of occupation,[3] and were licensed in 1823.[1] In 1822 it was reported that the distillery produced 6,686 gallons of spirit from 10 November 1820 to 10 November 1821.[4]

The distillery is said to have ceased production in 1837 and was put up for sale in 1844 by the proprietor, John Sinclair of Lochaline, by Morven.[5] Presumably the sale was unsuccessful as he put the distillery up for sale again in 1849.[6] and was still for sale in 1851.[7]

Dr. Neil M'Nab Campbell acquired the distillery in 1876 and he fitted it out with equipment from James and Thomas Dale engineers of Townsend Foundry.[8] In 1879 Campbell appointed John and Alexander Mackill of Glasgow agents and production started again. In 1883[9] they purchased it for the sum of £9,300.[10] However, they went bankrupt in 1887 and the distillery was up for sale again[11] and in 1888 it was acquired by John Hopkins & Co of 25 Gordon Street, Glasgow.[12]

Advert for Old Tobermory from the Berks and Oxon Advertiser 31 July 1903

In 1916 it was acquired by Distillers Company. There was a drop in the demand for whisky due to ten years of prohibition in the United States.[13][14] and malting ceased in 1930 and small consignments were shipped periodically. The company's best known products at this time were Old Mull and Old Tobermory.[15] In 1936 it was sold to John McLean of Edinburgh and all the contents were transferred to the bonded warehouses of the Scottish Malt Distillers’ Company in Campbeltown.[16]

Tobermory harbour and distillery
Tobermory harbour and distillery

In 1972 it was reopened under the name of Ledaig Distillery (Tobermory) Ltd.[13] In May 1975, production had to stop for a month as storage space for the whisky had run out. The construction of a bonded warehouse had been delayed, causing fourteen workers to be laid off in the duration.[17] This was followed by the distillery going into receivership, with it being purchased by the Kirkleavington Property Company in 1978,[13] it opened again between 1979 and 1981. In the 1980s,[2] the warehouses were sold off for conversion into flats, and as such maturation no longer takes place on site.[13] It closed again until 1989, and in 1991 it was purchased by Burn Stewart Distillers for £600,000 plus £200,000 for stock.[18]

Burn Stewart Distillers were bought out by Trinidad–based CL Financial for £49 million in 2002, including the distillery at Tobermory and Deanston.[19] It remains the only whisky distillery on the Isle of Mull, in the main village of Tobermory at the northern tip of the island.[1] Tobermory is known for the variety of colours that the houses of the shore front are painted in and for being the location of the children's television show Balamory.[20][21] The distillery itself is located at the foot of a steep hill,[22] at the head of the bay.[18]

In 2012, during the driest summer for thirty years, the distillery was forced to halt production temporarily, to preserve the quality and consistency of its whisky. Early the following year, following several further months of unusually dry weather, there was another temporary halt to production. On each occasion, the water level in the small, private loch used to supply water to the distillery had dipped to such an extent that proper rainfall was needed to replenish it to a satisfactory level.[23] In 2013 Burn Stewart was bought by Distell Group Limited of South Africa.

Production[edit]

Stills at the Tobermory distillery

The Tobermory Single Malt is distilled from unpeated malted barley and matured in oak casks for at least ten years.[3] A heavily peated whisky is also produced, but in small quantities, named Ledaig after the original distillery name.[18] The malts are used in a number of blends including Scottish Leader and Black Bottle.[1] The water for the distillery comes from a private loch near to the Mishnish lochs.[18] The branding had been confused under previous owners, with the Tobermory brand being used for both a single malt and a blended whisky.[2]

Production was upgraded in 1990, with the distillery becoming capable of producing a million litres of spirit a year. It uses a traditional copper–domed cast iron mash tun, four washbacks made of Oregon pine, and four spirit stills.[1] The whisky is matured in both former bourbon whiskey and sherry casks.[1] Maturation takes place at the distillery at Deanston.[24][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Wishart, David (2006). Whisky Classified: Choosing Single Malts by Flavour. London: Pavilion. pp. 218–219. ISBN 978-1-86205-716-6.
  2. ^ a b c d e "The founding of Tobermory and its distillery". Scottish Field. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  3. ^ a b Gill, Michael (2006). Whisky Today. Victoria, B.C.: Trafford. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-4120-8328-7.
  4. ^ "Excise Scotland". Inverness Courier. Scotland. 16 May 1822. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ "Distillery for Sale". Glasgow Herald. Scotland. 8 November 1844. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "Distillery for Sale or to Let". Glasgow Herald. Scotland. 9 November 1849. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "Distillery in Argyllshire for Sale or to Let". Glasgow Herald. Scotland. 8 September 1851. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "Dale v. Campbell". Fife News. Scotland. 26 July 1879. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "Sale of a West Highland Distillery". Glasgow Evening Post. Scotland. 13 December 1883. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Unprofitable farming and distilling". Elgin Courant, and Morayshire Advertiser. Scotland. 25 October 1887. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "Tobermory Distillery for sale". Glasgow Herald. Scotland. 16 December 1887. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "Commerce and Finance". Colonies and India. England. 28 March 1888. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ a b c d "Tobermory Scotch Whisky Distillery". Scotchwhisky.net. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  14. ^ a b "Tobermory Distillery". Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  15. ^ "Tobermory Distillery Closes". Aberdeen Press and Journal. Scotland. 2 June 1936. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  16. ^ "Tobermory Distillery Sold". The Scotsman. Scotland. 21 May 1936. Retrieved 4 October 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ "Oddities in the News". Calgary Herald. 7 May 1975. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  18. ^ a b c d Lamond, John; Tucek, Robin (2007). The Malt Whisky File: The Essential Guide for the Malt Whisky Connoisseur. Edinburgh: Canongate. p. 251. ISBN 978-1-84767-005-2.
  19. ^ Adams, Richard (17 December 2002). "Scottish distiller goes to Trinidad". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  20. ^ MacGregor, Malcolm (2011). Mull, Iona and Staffa. Gardners Books. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-7112-2902-0.
  21. ^ "Balamory Information". Explore Scotland. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  22. ^ "Tobermory Distillery". Explore Scotland: Tobermoray. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  23. ^ Cramb, Auslan (12 April 2013). "Whisky production suspended as island runs out of water". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  24. ^ Smith, Gavin D.; Dorling, Kindersley; Roskrow, Dominic; De Kergommeaux, Davin; Deibel, Jürgen (2012). The Whisky Opus. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. ISBN 9781405394741.