Tobu 3000 series

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Tobu 3000 series
Tobu 3070 3574 Nikko Line 19930504.jpg
3070 series set 3574 on the Nikko Line, May 1993
In service 1964–1996
Constructed 1964–May 1975
Number built 134 vehicles
Formation 6/4/2 cars per trainset
Operator(s) Tobu Railway
Depot(s) Nanakodai, Tatebayashi, Tochigi
Line(s) served Tobu Noda Line, Tobu Nikko Line, Tobu Utsunomiya Line, Tobu Kinugawa Line
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 18 m (59 ft 1 in)
Doors Sliding, 3 pairs per side
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC, overhead catenary
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The Tobu 3000 series (東武3000系 Tōbu 3000-kei?) was a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the Tobu Railway in Japan.

The 3000 series was created by modernizing old Tobu EMU cars dating from the 1920s and 1930s, by adding new 18 m long steel bodies based on the 2000 series design, with three pairs of sliding doors per side, and front ends based on the 8000 series design. The fleet was subdivided into 3000, 3050, and 3070 series types.[1]

Variants[edit]

  • 3000 series: 6-car, 4-car, and 2-car sets rebuilt from 3200 series EMUs for use on Tobu Noda Line
  • 3050 series: 4-car and 2-car sets rebuilt from 5400 series EMUs
  • 3070 series: 4-car and 2-car sets rebuilt from 5310/5320/5800 series EMUs

3000 series[edit]

The 3000 series sets were rebuilt between 1964 and 1971 from 134 former 3200 series EMU cars, originally formed as 30 4-car and seven 2-car units. Eight of the four-car sets were subsequently reformed as 6-car sets by adding two intermediate cars from other 4-car sets.[1] All sets were based at Nanakodai Depot and used on Tobu Noda Line services.[1]

The 3000 series fleet was withdrawn by 1992.[2]

Formations[edit]

6-car 3000 series[edit]

Designation Mc T M T M Tc
Numbering 3100 3200 3300 3200 3300 3400

The 3100 and 3300 cars were each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

4-car 3000 series[edit]

Designation Mc T M Tc
Numbering 3100 3200 3300 3400

The 3100 and 3300 cars were each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

2-car 3500 series[edit]

Designation Mc Tc
Numbering 3500 3600

Reformed 2-car 3000 series[edit]

Designation Mc Tc
Numbering 3100 3400

The 3100 cars were each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

3050 series[edit]

Following on from the earlier 3000 series sets, a total of 68 former 5400 series cars were rebuilt between March 1971 and December 1973, formed as ten four-car sets and 14 two-car sets.[1]

The 3050 series fleet was withdrawn by 1996.[2]

Formations[edit]

The 3050 series were formed as follows.[1]

4-car 3050 series[edit]

Designation Tc M M Tc
Numbering 3150 3250 3350 3450

The 3150 and 3350 cars were each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

2-car 3550 series[edit]

Designation Mc Tc
Numbering 3550 3650

The 3550 cars were fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

3070 series[edit]

The 3070 series sets were built between January 1974 and May 1975 by modernizing 34 former 5310 series, 5320 series, and 5800 series EMU cars dating from the 1930s with modern new steel bodies.[1] The 3070 series fleet was formed as six 4-car sets and ten two-car sets.[1] They were originally numbered in the 5xxx series, but renumbered in the 3x7x series following the appearance of the 5000 series in April 1979.[1] This renumbering unified all of the 18 m EMUs into the same 3000 series, but the 3070 series sets were not able to run in multiple with either 3000 series or 3050 series sets.[1]

All of the 3070 series sets were based at Tochigi Depot for use on the Tobu Nikko Line, Tobu Utsunomiya Line, and Tobu Kinugawa Line.[1]

The 3070 series fleet was withdrawn by 1996.[2]

Formations[edit]

The 3070 series were formed as follows.[1]

4-car 3070 series[edit]

Designation Tc M M Tc
Numbering 3170 3270 3370 3470

The 3170 and 3370 cars were each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

2-car 3570 series[edit]

Designation Mc Tc
Numbering 3570 3670

The 3570 cars were fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

Resale[edit]

24 former 3000 series vehicles withdrawn from Noda Line duties were sold to the Jomo Electric Railway in Gunma Prefecture. 18 of these were reformed as nine 2-car 300 series sets, with the remaining cars stored as sources of spare parts or cut up.[3]

The identities of the cars sold and renumbered are as shown below.[3]

Car number Jomo numbering Entry into service (Jomo)
MoHa 3102 DeHa 312 19 June 1989
MoHa 3103 DeHa 313 20 March 1990
MoHa 3104 DeHa 314 23 December 1989
MoHa 3105 DeHa 315 22 June 1989
MoHa 3106 DeHa 316 12 December 1989
MoHa 3115 DeHa 317 20 September 1989
MoHa 3121 DeHa 319 10 January 1990
MoHa 3127 DeHa 311 19 July 1989
MoHa 3502 DeHa 318 19 June 1989
KuHa 3402 KuHa 322 19 June 1989
KuHa 3403 KuHa 323 20 March 1990
KuHa 3404 KuHa 324 23 December 1989
KuHa 3405 KuHa 325 22 June 1989
KuHa 3406 KuHa 326 12 December 1989
KuHa 3415 KuHa 337 20 September 1989
KuHa 3421 KuHa 339 10 January 1990
KuHa 3427 KuHa 331 19 July 1989
KuHa 3602 KuHa 328 19 June 1989


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Iijima, Iwao (July 2002). 私鉄の車両24 東武鉄道 [Private Railway Trains 24: Tobu Railway]. Tokyo, Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. p. 68-77. ISBN 978-4-87366-307-4. 
  2. ^ a b c "東武鉄道車両カタログ2006(通勤車篇)" [Tobu Rolling Stock Catalogue 2006 (Commuter Stock)]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 35 (263): p.6. March 2006. 
  3. ^ a b Hanagami, Yoshinari (May 1992). "頑張ってます!大手私鉄のOBたち: 東武" [Former Major Private Railway Stock Still In Service: Tobu]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 32 (373): p.52-55.