Torà - View from l'Aguda
|• Mayor||Magí Coscollola Andreu (2015)|
|• Total||93.3 km2 (36.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||448 m (1,470 ft)|
|• Density||13/km2 (33/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||34 (Spain) + 973 (Lleida)|
Torà (Catalan pronunciation: [tuˈɾa]; Spanish: Torá, pronounced [toˈɾa], locally [toˈɾa]) is a town and municipality in the North East of the comarca (county) of Segarra, in the province of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain. The urban structure of the center has retained most of its original design, with narrow, twisting streets and blocks formed by rows of attached buildings. The Medieval town grew around a castle or fortified place (Thoranum castrum). A particular trait of the fortified origin of the town is the presence of a number of portals to allow several streets their pass through defensive barriers formed by the rows of buildings of the town and its walls. Torà is some 10 kilometers northeast from the more populated Guissona (6,145 inhabitants in 2010), a neighbor town that has experienced an important economic development in the last half century (mainly due to meat production and generation of a meat packing industry) parallel to an unprecedented demographic growth sped up in the recent years (from 3,060 inhabitants in 1998 to 6,145 in 2010).
The municipality stretches along la Vall (valley) de la Riera (creek or brook) de Llanera (the Valley of Llanera's Creek) up to the confluence with the Llobregós River. Its orography is rather uneven with the lowest point at 430m and peaks rising up to 850m above sea level. The North sector features el Tossal (a kind of hill) de l'Aguda (L'Aguda's Hill), el Tossal de Sant Donat (Snat Donat's Hill), and the creek named la Riera de Llanera flowing across. On the other hand, the South sector features the hills el Tossal de Sant Pere and el Tossal de la Pineda, crossed by la Riera de Cellers, one of the Riera de Llanera's tributary brooks merging on its left. The town is settled by the left bank of the creek la Riera de Llanera, near the confluence with the Llobregós River, at the bottom of the mountain range la Serra de l'Aguda.
In 1968, the former municipality of Llanera was integrated to Torà.
- 1 Districts and neighbourhoods
- 2 History
- 3 Culture
- 4 Main sights
- 5 Communications
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Gallery
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Districts and neighbourhoods
These are the populated places present in the municipality of Torà:
- Cellers (South East)
- Claret (South East)
- Fontanet (Center)
- Llanera (North East)
- Sant Serni de Llanera (East)
- Torà nuclear town (South West)
- Vallferosa (North)
Battle of Torà
- La festa major (the main festival of the town) on 1 September, the feast day of Sant Gil (Saint Giles, the patron saint of Torà, extended to the first weekend of that month.
- La Festa del Brut i la Bruta (the street party of He-brute and She-brute), in the weekend previous to the annual Carnestoltes (carnival).
- La festa del Roser (Rosebush Festival), in May.
- Revetlles populars de barri (neighborhood street verbenas, country fairs) in the beginning of the summer, after la Revetlla de Sant Joan (St. John's Eve on midsummer).
- Plaça del Vall (Valley's Square), the Main Square
- Plaça de la Font (Fountain's Square), in the nucleus
- Font dels Dolors (a public fountain), 200m from the nucleus
- Casa de la Vila (the City Hall), a previous hospital located in Plaça del Vall
- Museu del Pa (local Bread Museum)
- Cementiri (the town's cemetery)
- Aqüeducte dels Frares (aqueduct of the frays) behind Casa Farguell in the place known as Camí dels Tísics. Built with blind round arches, 120m remaining
- Pont de les Merites de Torà (ancient stone bridge) nearby the cemetery, with a round arch
- Pontet del Diable also called Pontet de la Sentiu, the remains of an aqueduct part of Rec del Moriquers also called Rec d'Ivorra, an acequia (a community-operated waterway) started in 1366, in use until 1920. Outside the town toward the South
- Pou del Gel (an ancient ice well)
Military constructions and buildings
- Castell de l'Aguda (castle): in l'Aguda de Torà (ruins, expoliated)
- Torre de Vallferosa (fortified watchtower): in Vallferosa (highly restored)
- Casa Castell de Llanera (castle-house): in Llanera (fortified manor house, very damaged, expoliated)
- Monestir de Sant Celdoni i Sant Ermenter de Cellers (monastery): with three crossing apses and a crypt, in Cellers
- Església de Claret (church), 12th century (highly reformed)
- Església de Sant Miquel (church): in Fontanet
- Església de Santa Maria de Llanera (church): in Llanera (expoliated)
- Església de Sant Salvador (church): in l'Aguda de Torà
- Antic call jueu de Torà (the former Jewish quarter): in Torà's central nucleus
- Location: Carrer Nou, with access through two portals: Portal Nou at Plaça del Pati (Courtyard's Square), and a portal at Plaça de l'Església (Church's Square)
Other monumental buildings
- Convent de Sant Anatoni de Pàdua (a convent devoted to Saint Anthony of Padua), built between 1697 and 1747
- L'Hostal (hostal), still in use
- Església de Santa Maria (church): in Vallferosa (expoliated)
Torà is along the county road C-1412. Coming from Balaguer, C-1313 towards La Seu d'Urgell until Ponts and then, the road C-1412 towards Calaf. Coming from Cervera, the national road N-141, then the local road LV-3003.
Torà - The town's cemetery, taken from Avinguda de l'Aguda (l'Aguda de Torà Avenue)
Torà - Ca na Núria (Núria's house), Avinguda del Cementiri (Cemetery Av.) and Camí del Pont de Marites (Marites' Bridge's Farm Road)
Torà - Plaça del Vall (main square) - Holy Friday market (1983)
- "Ajuntament de Torà". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
- "El municipi en xifres: Torà". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- Vegueries .com Routes: Vallferosa (locality in the municipality of Torà), brief description of Vallferosa (Torà) published in the website of a private society specializing in information of tourist interest about routes and places in Catalonia
- article about Jewish culture at Lleidatur .com, the official website of the Patronat de Turisme de la Diputació de Lleida (the Province's Tourism Administration)
- idescat: Web de l'estadística oficial de Catalunya
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Torà.|
- Torà .cat, Torà's Town Council's Website.
- Turisme Segarra .com /pobles /Torà (portal de la Segarra a Internet), article with some detailed information about Torà published in the County's Tourism Website.
- Lleida .com /municipis, a borough's database.
- Government data pages (in Catalan)