|Original author(s)||AT&T Bell Laboratories|
|Developer(s)||Paul Rubin, Arnold Robbins, Jim Kingdon, David MacKenzie, Randy Smith, TSC, Microware, Apple, Digital Research, Novell, Kris Heidenstrom|
|Initial release||January 1979|
|Operating system||Unix, Unix-like, Plan 9, Inferno, FLEX, OS-9, Classic Mac OS, Windows, DR DOS, AROS, FreeDOS, ReactOS, KolibriOS, IBM i|
touch is a command used to update the access date and/or modification date of a computer file or directory. It is included in Unix and Unix-like operating systems, TSC's FLEX, Digital Research/Novell DR DOS, the AROS shell, the Microware OS-9 shell, and ReactOS.
The command is also available for FreeDOS and Microsoft Windows.
In its default usage, it is the equivalent of creating or opening a file and saving it without any change to the file contents.
touch avoids opening, saving, and closing the file. Instead it simply updates the dates associated with the file or directory. An updated access or modification date can be important for a variety of other programs such as backup utilities or the make command-line interface programming utility. Typically these types of programs are only concerned with files which have been created or modified after the program was last run. The
touch command can also be useful for quickly creating files for programs or scripts that require a file with a specific name to exist for successful operation of the program, but do not require the file to have any specific content.
The Single Unix Specification (SUS) specifies that
touch should change the access times, modification times, or both, for a file. The file is identified by a pathname supplied as a single argument. It also specifies that if the file identified does not exist, the file is created and the access and modification times are set as specified. If no new timestamps are specified,
touch uses the current time.
touch utility first appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX. Today, the command is available for a number of different operating systems, including many Unix and Unix-like systems, DOS, Microsoft Windows and the classic Mac OS.[which?]
The command is available as a separate package for Microsoft Windows as part of the UnxUtils collection of native Win32 ports of common GNU Unix-like utilities. The FreeDOS version was developed by Kris Heidenstrom and is licensed under the GPL. DR DOS 6.0 and KolibriOS include an implementation of the
touch command. The touch command has also been ported to the IBM i operating system.
- "FLEX 9.0 User's Manual" (PDF).
- "AROS Research Operating System". aros.sourceforge.io.
- Paul S. Dayan (1992). The OS-9 Guru - 1 : The Facts. Galactic Industrial Limited. ISBN 0-9519228-0-7.
- "reactos/reactos". GitHub.
- "ibiblio.org FreeDOS Group -- Utilities". www.ibiblio.org.
- "touch for Windows".
- "touch(1): change file timestamps - Linux man page". linux.die.net.
- "Native Win32 ports of some GNU utilities". unxutils.sourceforge.net.
- "ibiblio.org FreeDOS Package -- touch (Unix-like)". www.ibiblio.org.
- DR DOS 6.0 User Guide Optimisation and Configuration Tips
- "Shell - KolibriOS wiki". wiki.kolibrios.org.
- IBM. "IBM System i Version 7.2 Programming Qshell" (PDF). Retrieved 5 September 2020.
- McElhearn, Kirk (2006). The Mac OS X Command Line: Unix Under the Hood. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0470113851.
|The Wikibook Guide to Unix has a page on the topic of: Commands|
- The Single UNIX Specification, Issue 7 from The Open Group – Commands & Utilities Reference,
- Linux User Commands Manual –
- Plan 9 Programmer's Manual, Volume 1 –
- Inferno General commands Manual –
- examples showing how to use touch