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For other uses, see PWD (disambiguation).

In Unix-like and some other operating systems, the pwd command (print working directory)[1][2][3][4][5] writes the full pathname of the current working directory to the standard output.[6][7][8][9][10]

The command is a shell builtin in most Unix shells such as Bourne shell, ash, bash, ksh, and zsh. It can be implemented easily with the POSIX C functions getcwd() or getwd().

The equivalent on DOS (COMMAND.COM) and Microsoft Windows (cmd.exe) is the cd command with no arguments. Windows PowerShell provides the equivalent Get-Location cmdlet with the standard aliases gl and pwd. The OpenVMS equivalent is show default.


If the following is input into a terminal:

$ pwd

and the computer prints out /home/foobar, that means that the directory the user is currently in is /home/foobar. In the following example, the user is located in the directory /usr/local/bin, uses the command pwd, uses the command cd .. to move back to the parent directory and then uses pwd again:

$ pwd
$ cd ..
$ pwd

See also[edit]


  1. ^ UNIX TIME-SHARING SYSTEM: UNIX PROGRAMMER’S MANUAL Seventh Edition, Volume 1 (January, 1979) by Bell labs, Page 142
  2. ^ Minux MAN page
  3. ^ Linux MAN page
  4. ^ GNU Coreutils MAN page
  5. ^ Bell Labs Plan 9 MAN page
  6. ^ POSIX Standard (IEEE Std 1003.1) MAN page
  7. ^ DEC OSF/1 MAN page
  8. ^ Apple OS X MAN page
  9. ^ OpenBSD MAN page
  10. ^ OpenSolaris MAN page