New South Wales
|Population||171 (2016 census)|
|LGA(s)||Goulburn Mulwaree Council|
Towrang is a village in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Goulburn Mulwaree Council. It is approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) before Goulburn on the Hume Highway 180 kilometres (110 mi) south from Sydney. At the 2016 census, Towrang had a population of 171.
The town was established in the 19th century, early in the European settlement of New South Wales. The area was once a large producer of fruit for the Sydney market. The railway station opened in 1869 and was one of the busiest in the state. The station closed in 1974 and has since been removed, after Goulburn outgrew Towrang and fruit production declined.
A major stockade for chain-bound convicts and others involved in the construction of the Great South Road was located on the north side of the Hume Highway at Towrang Creek from around 1836 to 1842. The stockade was the major penal settlement in southern New South Wales and enforced harsh discipline. Around 250 convicts slept there on bare boards with a blanket each and 10 men to a cell. One of the floggers was later murdered.
The stockade is on the north side of the Highway and used to be accessible by a stile, but this has been taken down to discourage people from stopping and using the daunting intersection with Towrang Road, especially for those turning right on to the Highway towards Goulburn. There are the remains of the powder magazine next to the Wollondilly River, three graves on the north bank of Towrang Creek, and the remains of a weir on Towrang Creek built for the stockade. Aboriginal stone tools have also been found on the banks of Towrang Creek, indicating that this was a route well-travelled long before Hamilton Hume came this way in 1818.
The Hume highway in this area has been recently upgraded in 2007 and 2006 to improve safety at and in-between the seagull intersections with Towrang and Carrick Roads.
Towrang has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
One of the earliest hotels in Towrang was the Red Lion Inn built before 1863 and licensed by Joseph Davidson.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Towrang (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
- "Towrang". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- Towrang Railway Station. NSWrail.net. Accessed 9 April 2008.
- "Goulburn". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
- "Masonry Bridges: Heritage Study of Masonry Bridges in NSW" (PDF). Roads and Traffic Authority. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
- "Towrang Convict Stockade, Associated Sites and Road Formations". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01905. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL". Goulburn Herald. New South Wales, Australia. 9 December 1863. p. 2. Retrieved 6 December 2018 – via National Library of Australia.