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Toyota KR engine

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Toyota KR engine
1KR-FE in a Daihatsu Sirion
Displacement1.0 L (998 cc)
Cylinder bore71 mm (2.8 in)
Piston stroke84 mm (3.31 in)
Cylinder block materialAluminium
Cylinder head materialAluminium
ValvetrainDOHC 4 valves x cyl. with VVT-i
TurbochargerOn 1KR-VET only
Fuel systemMulti-point fuel injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Power output48–72 kW (64–97 bhp; 65–98 PS)
Torque output85–140 N⋅m (63–103 lb⋅ft)
Dry weight69 kg (152 lb)

The Toyota KR engine family is a straight-3 piston engine, designed by Daihatsu, a subsidiary of Toyota. The 1KR series uses aluminium engine blocks and chain driven DOHC cylinder heads. It uses multi-point fuel injection, and has 4 valves per cylinder. Some versions have VVT-i variable valve timing. The engine is exceptionally light: 69 kg (152 lb) with all ancillaries.


The 1KR-FE is a 1.0 L (998 cc) version built in Japan and Poland. Bore and stroke is 71 mm × 84 mm (2.80 in × 3.31 in), with a compression ratio of 10.5:1. Output is 67 PS (49 kW; 66 bhp) at 6000 rpm with 91 N⋅m (67 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4800 rpm - and a rev-limit of 6500 rpm - or 71 PS (52 kW; 70 bhp) at 6000 rpm with 94 N⋅m (69 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3600 rpm. When originally on sale it met European emission standard EU4 requirements and had CO2 levels of 109 g/km, but current applications meet European emission standard EU5 and can have CO2 levels as low as 99 g/km.[1] This engine has been given the 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010[2] International Engine of the Year awards in the sub-1.0 liter category.

The engine was also adapted to meet European emission standard EU6 and can have CO2 levels as low as 88/89 g/km in Toyota Aygo or Citroën C1/Peugeot 108 since 2014 in NEDC.



1KR-DE engine in a Toyota Wigo

The 1KR-DE is the non-VVT-i variant of the 1KR engine made by Daihatsu. It produces less power and torque than the 1KR-FE. Output is 65 PS (48 kW; 64 bhp) at 6000 rpm and 85 N⋅m (63 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3600 rpm. Bore and stroke is 71 mm × 84 mm (2.80 in × 3.31 in), while the engine displacement is 1.0 L (998 cc).[3][4]

The 1KR-DE was specially designed for the Indonesian LCGC (Low Cost Green Car) market to reduce cost. The cylinder head cover is made from a light weight plastic-resin material. The exhaust manifold is integrated to the cylinder head together with the catalytic converter and oxygen sensor to save even more weight as well as helping the engine to warm up quicker, reducing total exhaust emissions. There was an overall saving of 10 kg (22 lb). [5]



The 1KR-DE2 is the more powerful variant of the 1KR-DE engine which is redesigned by Perodua. It produces 66 PS (49 kW; 65 bhp) at 6000 rpm and 90 N⋅m (66 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3600 rpm. Like the 1KR-DE, bore and stroke are at 71 mm × 84 mm (2.80 in × 3.31 in), respectively and engine displacement remains at 1.0 L (998 cc)[7][8] The 1KR-DE2 achieves Euro IV emission standard and it is very fuel efficient due to the ECO Mode, where the engine will exchange drop one cylinder for every two cycles[citation needed], effectively achieving the economy of a 0.6 L (600 cc) engine, surpasses the 1KR-DE. The compression ratio for this engine is 11:1.[9]



1KR-VE engine in a Perodua Bezza

The 1KR-VE is a more powerful variant made by Perodua specifically improved version from the 1KR-DE2 which is made for the newest edition in the Perodua family.[10] New 1.0-litre VVT-i engine is lighter & compact for better fuel consumption, better performance, reduced vibration & noise level. It was specifically made for the 1.0-litre variant for Perodua's first solely in-house manufactured car which is the Perodua Bezza. It is a modified and refined version of the 1KR-DE2 engine from the Perodua Axia. The new 1KR-VE engine produces 68 PS (50 kW; 67 bhp) at 6,000 rpm and 91 N⋅m (67 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm, offering a mild 1 hp (0.75 kW) and 1 N⋅m (0.74 lb⋅ft) increase over the Axia's 1KR-DE2 plant. Perodua claims ECE fuel consumption figures of 22.8 km/L (64 mpg‑imp; 54 mpg‑US) for the manual variant and 21.3 km/L (60 mpg‑imp; 50 mpg‑US) with the automatic, both exhibiting a 1.2 km/L (3.4 mpg‑imp; 2.8 mpg‑US) improvement over the old 1KR-DE2. The new 1KR-VE engine now features variable-valve timing with intelligence (VVT-i) on the intake valves. Several minor changes and refinements were also introduced for increased fuel efficiency and more linear power delivery. Notable changes include a higher 11.5:1 compression ratio, a high-tumble intake port, a longer intake manifold, micro fuel spray injection and low-friction valve lifters.



1KR-VET engine in a Toyota Raize

The 1KR-VET (996 cc) is a turbocharged version of the 1KR-FE with lowered compression ratio of 9.5:1 and redline of 6200 rpm. Produced by Daihatsu for use in the top-of-the-range version of the Daihatsu Thor and the A200/A250 series Rocky. It delivers 98 PS (72 kW; 97 bhp) and 140–149 N⋅m (103–110 lb⋅ft) of torque.



Revised version used in PSA Citroën C1/Peugeot 108 since 2016. First appeared in Citroën C1 UrbanRide and Elle special editions and later rolled out to all. The engine was modified to meet the Euro 6.2 emission standard[11] whilst boosting performance to 73 PS (54 kW; 72 bhp) and economy up to 58.8 mpg on combined WLTP cycle while keeping emissions at 110 g/km co2 on WLTP cycle.[citation needed]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "PEUGEOT 108: green cars with CO2 emissions under 120g/km". TheGreenCarWebsite. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
  2. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2010-06-24). "International Engine of the Year Photo Gallery". Autoblog. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
  3. ^ "Toyota Agya - Specifications". www.toyota.co.id. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
  4. ^ "Daihatsu Ayla - Specifications". www.daihatsu.co.id. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
  5. ^ "7 Agya Engineering Excellence - Ayla" [7 Keunggulan Mesin Agya - Ayla]. Otosia.com (in Indonesian). 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  6. ^ "Astra Daihatsu Indonesia - Daihatsu Hi-Max specification". Astra Daihatsu Motor. Archived from the original on 2018-05-18. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  7. ^ Tan, Paul (2014-09-15). "Perodua Axia Launched". paultan.org. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
  8. ^ "Perodua Axia Specifications". perodua.com.my. 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
  9. ^ Tan, Paul (2014-09-15). "Perodua Axia Launched". paultan.org. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
  10. ^ Tan, Danny (2023-02-14). "2023 Perodua Axia D74A launched – 1.0L D-CVT; DNGA; larger body; G, X, SE, AV variants, fr RM38.6k". paultan.org. Malaysia. Retrieved 2023-02-16.
  11. ^ "2018 Citroen C1 updated, with new 'Elle' and 'Urban Ride' C1 Editions too". Cars UK. 2018-04-18. Retrieved 2021-02-06.