Citroën C1

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Citroën C1
2017 Citroen C1 Flair Puretech 1.2 Front.jpg
The second generation Citroën C1
Overview
ManufacturerTPCA
Also calledPeugeot 107 (2005–2014)
Peugeot 108
Toyota Aygo
Production2005–2021
AssemblyKolín, Czech Republic
Body and chassis
ClassCity car (A)

The Citroën C1 is a four passenger, front-engine, front-wheel-drive, three- or five-door hatchback city car marketed by Citroën since June 2005,[1] originally developed as part of the B-Zero project by PSA Peugeot Citroën in a joint venture with Toyota, with two generations produced.

The C1 was developed along with two badge engineered variants, the Peugeot 107, which is mostly identical to the C1 aside from its front bumper fascia and front and rear lights, and the Toyota Aygo, which is slightly more differentiated.

The three variants are manufactured at the facilities of the TPCA joint venture (Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile) in the city of Kolín, Czech Republic. The three siblings debuted at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show.

First generation (PM/PN; 2005)[edit]

First generation
2008 Citroen C1 Rhythm 1.0 Front.jpg
Overview
Also calledCitroën C1 eco (Greece)
Production2005–2014
DesignerDonato Coco
Body and chassis
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,340 mm (92.1 in)
Length3,435 mm (135.2 in)
Width1,630 mm (64.2 in)
Height1,468 mm (57.8 in)
Curb weight1,775 lb (805 kg)

The C1 is powered by a 1.0 L three cylinder engine, which has a fuel economy of 61.4 mpg (UK gallons EU method; 4.6 L/100 km EU method; ca 43.4 mpg US with US method) or a 1.4 L four cylinder diesel engine which has a fuel economy of 68.9 mpg (UK gallons EU method; 4.1 L/100 km EU method; ca 48.8 mpg US with US method).

The body was designed by Donato Coco in a one-box configuration. On both the five door C1 and 107, though not the Aygo, the rear tail light cluster extends from the edge of the rear doors to the rear window, without a distinctly expressed "C-pillar".

According to the German magazine Der Spiegel, the C1 is the production car with the second-best fuel economy both among petrol engines (after the Toyota Prius)[2] and among diesel engines (after the Smart Fortwo mhd).[3]

In January 2010, PSA Peugeot Citroën announced that it was recalling around 100,000 of the C1 and Peugeot 107, following the worldwide recall by Toyota for a sticking accelerator pedal – which the Aygo is affected by. Under certain circumstances, the pedal can stick in a partially depressed position, or return slowly to the off position.[4]

Trim range (United Kingdom)[edit]

  • Vibe, available in three-door or five-door, this was the basic model and the cheapest. Did not come with central locking, a rev counter, air conditioning or electric windows. Only available with the 1.0i engine.
  • Rhythm, available in three-door or five-door, this trim added remote central locking, body-coloured wing mirrors, two side airbags and an engine rev counter. The 1.4 HDi diesel and the 1.0i petrol engines were both available with this trim.
  • Code, available in three-door or five-door, added to the Rhythm specification by including 14 inch alloy wheels, half leather-trimmed seats, chrome interior trim inserts and a glove box cover. The 1.4 HDi diesel and the 1.0i petrol engines were both available with this trim.
Special editions (United Kingdom)
  • Cool – based on the Vibe, adding air conditioning and blue seat fabrics/dashboard inserts, available in Lipizan White or Damas Blue.
  • Airplay – based on the Rhythm, adding full iPod connectivity, iPod cradle, a 4 GB iPod Nano and coloured dashboard inserts and door pulls. Early models were available with bright, swirling decals. This model was originally revealed at the 2006 British International Motor Show in July 2006.

Designer Franco Sbarro created a modified C1 named the GT-C1, a design concept that follows the same theme of his previous Citroën Xsara Picasso Cup Concept. The extreme bodywork feature very wide wheels and gullwing doors alongside a modified 1.6L engine from the Citroën C2 VTS and Citroën C4 WRC-derived brakes.[5]

In Portugal and Greece, a commercial van version called the Entreprise is offered, equipped with the 1.4L diesel engine and available only in the three-door body, for urban use. Its 107 sibling also offers an identical version.[6]

In the United Kingdom, the now-defunct Electric Car Corporation sold an electric car based on the C1, called the Citroën C1 ev'ie from 2009 to 2012.[7][8][9]

2009 facelift (PN)[edit]

Facelift (2009)
Facelift (2009) Citroën C1 showing tail light clusters

In January 2009, the Citroën C1 was facelifted at the same time as the Peugeot 107 and Toyota Aygo.

The updated C1 features a revised front bumper and grille, in keeping with Citroën's family look. Three new colours were also added and trim levels were also revised: basic Vibe models became 'VT', and Rhythm became 'VTR'. More durable seat fabrics were used and ventilation control graphics were updated for better legibility, and all models received new wheel trims.

A special edition "Splash" was available at launch, though this was a strictly limited edition. This was based on the basic "VT". However, it featured air conditioning, a CD player and electric front windows. The Splash model was available in Electra Blue or Lipizan White. Electra Blue came with white door mirrors, whilst Lipizan White came with glossy black door mirrors.

2012 facelift[edit]

Facelift (2012)
Facelift (2012) Citroën C1 showing tail light clusters

Citroën made a further facelift in March 2012. Changes included revised bumper, bonnet, steering wheel and CD player; LED daytime running lights, a new blue paint "Botticelli Blue", and improved fuel economy.

Two new trims were added to the facelift C1 range – Platinum and Edition, both came with alloy wheels, foglights, and a leather steering wheel and gearstick as standard while Platinum added a spoiler and chrome interior trim. VTR+ became the entry level trim when these were introduced.

From 2012 to 2014, The car was rebranded as the Citroën C1 eco for the Greek market.[10]


Engines[edit]

Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed CO2 emission
(g/km)
1.0i 12V I3 998 cc 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) at 6,000 rpm 93 N⋅m (69 lbf⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm 14.3 s 160 km/h (99 mph) 106
Diesel engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed CO2 emission
(g/km)
1.4 HDi 8V I4 1398 cc 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) at 4,000 rpm 130 N⋅m (96 lbf⋅ft) at 1,750 rpm 15.6 s 155 km/h (96 mph) 109

Reliability[edit]

Breakdown statistics reported by the German Automobile Club in May 2010 placed the Citroën C1 (which the data grouped with the Peugeot 107 and Toyota Aygo) at the top of the sub small car class, in respect of the low breakdown rates achieved for cars aged between one and four years.[11][12] Class laggards were the Chevrolet Matiz (0–3-year-old cars) and the Smart Fortwo (4–5-year-old cars[11]).

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Citroën C1 1.0 5 door LHD hatchback (2005)[13]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 26 4 /5 stars
Child occupant: 37 4 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 14 2 /4 stars
Euro NCAP test results
Citroën C1 1.0 5 door LHD hatchback (2012)
Test Points %
Overall: 3 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 24.6 68%
Child occupant: 35.6 73%
Pedestrian: 19.2 53%
Safety assist: 5 71%

The Euro NCAP score was reduced from 4 stars to 3 stars for the 2012 facelift.

Second generation (2014)[edit]

Second generation
2018 Citroen C1 Urban Ride 1.0 Front.jpg
Overview
Production2014–2021
Body and chassis
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine1.0 L 1KR-FE I3 (petrol; KGB40) (2014-2018)
1.2 L EB2-F I3 (petrol; PAB40) (2014-2018)
1.0 L 1KR-B52 I3 (petrol) (2018-)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,340 mm (92.1 in)
Length3,470 mm (136.6 in)
Width1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height1,468 mm (57.8 in)
Curb weight1,883 lb (854 kg)

At the 2014 Geneva Motor Show, Citroën presented a redesigned C1, also to be manufactured at a factory of the Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech (TPCA) in a joint venture with the Peugeot 108 and Toyota Aygo. A fixed-profile cabriolet model named Airscape was introduced with a folding canvas roof, available in both 3 and 5-door configurations.[14]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed CO2 emission
(g/km)
1.0i I3 998 cc 69 hp (51 kW; 70 PS) at 6,000 rpm 95 N⋅m (70 lbf⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm 14.4 s 98 mph (158 km/h) 95
1.0 VTi I3 998 cc 72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) at 6,000 rpm 117 N⋅m (86 lbf⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm 14.2 s 99 mph (159 km/h) 88
1.2 PureTech I3 1199 cc 82 hp (61 kW; 83 PS) at 5,750 rpm 117 N⋅m (86 lbf⋅ft) at 2,750 rpm 11.0 s 106 mph (171 km/h) 99

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Citroën C1 1.0 5 door LHD hatchback (2014)
Test Points %
Overall: 4 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 30.7 80%
Child occupant: 39.5 80%
Pedestrian: 22.5 62%
Safety assist: 7.3 56%
Rear view (Second generation)

Discontinuation[edit]

The next-generation C1 was planned to be released in March 2021 based on the TNGA-B platform, when the plan was cancelled.[15] The TPCA joint venture announced the discontinuation of the Citroën C1 and Peugeot 108 for 2021, while the Toyota Aygo will continue to the third-generation.[16][17][18]

Sales[edit]

Calendar Year Europe[19]
2005 17,949
2006 87,563
2007 93,903
2008 104,475
2009 118,702
2010 102,023
2011 82,969
2012 65,573
2013 56,722
2014 53,518
2015 63,695
2016 62,537
2017 53,292
2018 52,020
2019 49,900

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Memento March 2012" (PDF). PSA Peugeot Citroën. March 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Die sparsamsten Benziner (German)". Der Spiegel. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Die sparsamsten Diesel (German)". Der Spiegel. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
  4. ^ "Peugeot follows Toyota in Car Recall". BBC News. 30 January 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  5. ^ "Sbarro Espera Citroën GT-C1, 2006". sbarro.phcalvet.fr. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Citroen C1 eco Entreprise". www.4troxoi.gr/. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  7. ^ Webster, Ben (30 April 2009), "Electric Citroën C1 car is ready, but government grants are not", The Times, London, retrieved 1 May 2013
  8. ^ "Car Reviews – First Drive", Autocar, 30 April 2009, retrieved 1 May 2013
  9. ^ "The Electric Car Corporation Launches the Citroën C1 ev'ie – The UK's First 4 Seat All-Electric Production Car", theautochannel.com, 30 April 2009, retrieved 1 May 2013
  10. ^ "Neo Citroën C1 eco" (PDF). autoblog.fr. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  11. ^ a b Rudschies, Wolfgang; Dieckmann, Hendrik; Kroher, Thomas (2010). Ramstetter, Michael (ed.). "Die ADAC Pannenstatistik 2009". ADAC Motorwelt (May): 26–27.
  12. ^ "Pannenstatistik – Kleinstwagen", ADAC Motorwelt, May 2010, retrieved 13 May 2010
  13. ^ "Euro NCAP results for Citroën C1 1.0 5 door LHD hatchback". euroncap.com. 2005.
  14. ^ "2nd generation C1". Citröen Origins. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Executive Summary" (PDF). www.motori.news. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  16. ^ Panait, Mircea (30 November 2018). "Groupe PSA, Toyota Confirm Discontinuation Of Aygo, C1, 108". autoevolution. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Peugeot 108 And Citroen C1 To Be Discontinued: Report". Motor1.com. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Peugeot 108 and Citroen C1 face the axe, but Toyota's Aygo will be renewed". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Citroën C1 European sales figures". carsalesbase.com. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2020.

External links[edit]