Traugott Herr

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Traugott Herr
Traugott Herr.jpg
Born (1890-09-16)16 September 1890
Died 13 April 1976(1976-04-13) (aged 85)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Army (Wehrmacht)
Rank General der Panzertruppe
Commands held 13th Panzer Division
LXXVI Panzer Corps
14th Army
10th Army
Battles/wars

World War I


World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

Traugott Herr (16 September 1890 – 13 April 1976) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 14th Army and the 10th Army of the Wehrmacht. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.

Early life[edit]

Born in 1892, Herr joined the army of Imperial Germany in 1911 as an Fahnen-junker (officer cadet) in the infantry. Serving in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in the late 1930s, he commanded the 3rd Battalion of the 33rd Infantry Regiment.[1]

World War II[edit]

Herr commanded an infantry regiment, part of the 13th Motorized Infantry Division, from 8 September 1939 to 14 October 1940, taking part in the Invasion of Poland (September 1939) and France (May 1940 to October 1940).[2] In October 1940, the division was reformed in Vienna as 13th Panzer Division.[2] Herr was given command of 13th Rifle Brigade, which controlled the division's two infantry regiments, on 14 October 1940.[3][need quotation to verify]

In May 1941 the regiment returned to Germany to take part in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, as part of 1st Panzergruppe under Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist in Army Group South.[2] In December 1941, Herr was given acting command of 13th Panzer Division.[2]

On 31 October 1942, on the Terek River deep in the Caucasus,[3] Herr suffered a serious head wound, being struck by shrapnel, and was repatriated to Germany to recuperate.[2] He was later appointed commander of the LXXVI Panzer Corps stationed in France; in August 1943 it was sent to Italy. In Italy, his unit faced the British Eighth Army in Calabria, and the U.S. Fifth Army in Salerno.[2]

Herr commanded the corps in the Italian Campaign until 24 November 1944. He also took command of 14th Army for a brief period from late November to mid-December 1944.[citation needed] On 18 December 1944, he was awarded the Swords to the Knight's Cross. On 15 February 1945 he took command of 10th Army.[citation needed] The Allied final and decisive spring 1945 offensive in Italy opened in early April, and Herr defended the Adriatic sector and held his lines until overrun by British forces, and was taken prisoner by the British on 2 May 1945.[2]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mitcham 2007, pp. 115–116.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Mitcham & Mueller 2012, pp. 171–172.
  3. ^ a b Glantz & House 2009, p. 31.
  4. ^ a b c d Berger 1999, p. 123.
  5. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 274.
  6. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 385.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Glantz, David M.; House, Jonathan (2009). To the Gates of Stalingrad: Soviet-German Combat Operations, April-August 1942. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1630-5. 
  • Mitcham, Jr, Samuel W. (2007). Panzer Legions: A Guide to the German Army Tank Divisions of WWII and Their Commanders. Mechanicsburg, PA, United States: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3353-3. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W.; Mueller, Gene (2012). Hitler's Commanders: Officers of the Wehrmacht, the Luftwaffe, the Kriegsmarine, and the Waffen-SS. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4422-1154-4. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Walter Düvert
Commander of 13th Panzer Division
1 December 1941 – 1 November 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Hellmut von der Chevallerie
Preceded by
none
Commander of LXXVI Panzer Corps
17 July 1943 – 26 December 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Gerhard Graf von Schwerin
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Heinz Ziegler
Commander of 14th Army
22 November 1944 – 12 December 1944
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Kurt von Tippelskirch
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppe Joachim Lemelsen
Commander of 10th Army
15 February 1945 – 2 May 1945
Succeeded by
none