Trumpet manucode

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Trumpet manucode
Manucodia keraudrenii bis by Bowdler Sharpe.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Phonygammus
Lesson & Garnot, 1826)
Species: P. keraudrenii
Binomial name
Phonygammus keraudrenii
(Lesson & Garnot, 1826)
Synonyms

Manucodia keraudrenii
Phonygama purpureoviolacea

The trumpet manucode (Phonygammus keraudrenii) is species of bird in the family Paradisaeidae.

The trumpet manucode is named after its powerful and loud trumpeting calls. The scientific name commemorates the French Navy physician Pierre François Keraudren (1769-1858).

The trumpet manucode is widely distributed throughout lowland rainforests of northern Cape York Peninsula, New Guinea and the Aru Islands. This species is monogamous.

Widespread and common throughout its large habitat range, the trumpet manucode is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

Description[edit]

The trumpet manucode is approximately 31 cm long. It has elongated horn-like head tufts and loose neck feathers. The plumage is of blackish glossed blue, green and purple. It has a red iris, long coiled trachea, and blackish bill, mouth and legs. The female resembles the male, but is smaller in size and duller in colour.

Diet[edit]

The diet consists mainly of fruits and arthropods.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Phonygammus keraudrenii adelberti
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii aruensis
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii diamondi
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii gouldii
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii hunsteini
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii jamesi
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii keraudrenii
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii mayri
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii neumanni
  • Phonygammus keraudrenii purpureoviolacea

References[edit]

  • Clench, Mary H. 1978. Tracheal Elongation in Birds-of-Paradise. Condor 80 (4): 423-430.

External links[edit]