Tupaiidae

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Tupaiidae[1]
Tupaia cf javanica 050917 manc.jpg
Tupaia in West Java, Indonesia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Scandentia
Family: Tupaiidae
Gray, 1825
Genera

Anathana
Dendrogale
Tupaia
Urogale

Synonyms

Cladobatae
Cladobatidina
Cladobatida
Cladobatina
Glisoricina
Glisoricinae
Tupaina
Tupaiadae
Tupajidae
Tupayae
Tupayidae

The Tupaiidae are one of two families of treeshrews, the other family being Ptilocercidae. The family contains four genera and 19 species.[1] The family name derives from tupai, the Malay word for treeshrew and also for squirrel which the Tupaiidae superficially resemble.

Unlike shrews, they contain a fairly large brain for their size. While some research has found tree shrews as the closest living relative to primates, most molecular studies currently find the flying lemurs (colugos) as the sister group to primates despite their gliding specializations [2].

Taxonomy[edit]

Conservation[edit]

A majority of the species,71.4%, in this family are of least concern, according to the IUCN red list. Nearly a twentieth of the species,4.8%, are vulnerable and the same number are endangered. 19% of the species have not had enough data collected yet for them to be rated on the scale.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Helgen, K.M. (2005). "Family Tupaiidae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Janecka, Jan E.; Miller, Webb; Pringle, Thomas H.; Wiens, Frank; Zitzmann, Annette; Helgen, Kristofer M.; Springer, Mark S.; Murphy, William J. (2007). "Molecular and genomic data identify the closest living relative of the primates". Science. 318 (5851): 792–794. Bibcode:2007Sci...318..792J. doi:10.1126/science.1147555. PMID 17975064.
  3. ^ https://www.iucnredlist.org/search/stats?taxonomies=101488&searchType=species