USS Patroclus (ARL-19)

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USS Patroclus
Career (USA)
Name: USS Patroclus
Builder: Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation
Laid down: 22 September 1944
Launched: 22 October 1944
Commissioned: 17 April 1945
Decommissioned: 2 October 1946
Struck: 22 August 1952
Fate: Transferred to Turkey, 15 November 1952
Career (Turkey) Turkish Navy Ensign
Name: TCG Basaran (A 582)
Acquired: 15 November 1952
Fate: Scrapped in 1993
General characteristics
Class and type: Achelous class repair ship
Displacement: 2,220 long tons (2,256 t) light
4,100 long tons (4,166 t) full
Length: 328 ft (100 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft: 11 ft 2 in (3.40 m)
Propulsion: 2 × General Motors 12-567 diesel engines, two shafts, twin rudders
Speed: 12 knots (14 mph; 22 km/h)
Complement: 255 officers and enlisted men
Armament: • 2 × quad 40 mm guns (with Mark 51 director)
• 2 × twin 40 mm guns (with Mark 51 director)
• 6 × twin 20 mm guns

USS Patroclus (ARL-19) was one of 39 Achelous-class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Patroclus (a Homeric character; a beloved of Achilles, slain by Hector while fighting in Achilles’ armor), she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name.

Originally laid down as LST–955 at the Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard of Hingham, Massachusetts 22 September 1944; launched 22 October 1944; and placed in reduced commission 13 November 1944 to proceed to Baltimore, Maryland; decommissioned on the 27th; converted to an ARL at the Bethlehem Key Highway Plant; and commissioned in full 17 April 1945 with Lieutenant Evan G. Bower in command.

Service history[edit]

Following shakedown in Chesapeake Bay, Patroclus departed the east coast 22 May 1945, transited the Panama Canal, and steamed to San Francisco for final outfitting. Steaming westward 2 July, the landing craft repair ship arrived at Saipan 7 August and reported for duty with Serv Div 103. On the 26th, she continued on to Tokyo Bay to provide repair facilities for occupation force vessels. Assigned to Tokyo Bay, she witnessed the formal surrender of Japan on 2 September, then commenced repair work on all LSMs, LCIs, LCSs, and LSTs in the area. On 7 April 1946 Patroclus was relieved by USS Romulus and on the 8th she departed for the east coast of the United States and inactivation.

Decommissioned 2 October 1946, Patroclus was berthed at Green Cove Springs, Florida as a unit of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet until November 1951. Then, transferred to the custody of the 6th Naval District, she underwent conversion prior to transfer under the Military Assistance Program. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register 22 August 1952, she was transferred to Turkey on 15 November 1952, where she served that nation as TCG Basaran (A 582). She is scrapped in September 1993.

USS Patroclus (ARL-19) anchored at Tinian, Marianas Islands with an unidentified LSM alongside to port, date unknown. Prominent in this view is the ship's 15- and 20-ton booms as well as the 60-ton A-frame boom.

References[edit]