USS Patroclus (ARL-19)

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Patroclus ARL-19.jpg
USS Patroclus (ARL-19) in the harbor at Baltimore, Maryland, 18 April 1945, after completion of conversion from an LST to an ARL.
History
United States
Name:
  • LST-955
  • Patroclus
Namesake: Patroclus
Builder: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts
Yard number: 3425[1]
Laid down: 22 September 1944
Launched: 22 October 1944
Commissioned:
  • 13 November 1944, partial commission
  • 17 April 1945, full commission
Decommissioned:
  • 27 November 1944
  • 2 October 1946
Struck: 22 August 1952
Identification:
Fate: Laid up in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, Green Cove Springs, Florida
Status: Transferred to Turkey, 15 November 1952
Turkey
Name: Basaran
Namesake: City of Başaran, Kuyucak
Acquired: 15 November 1952
Identification: Hull symbol: A-582
Fate: Scrapped, September 1993
General characteristics [2]
Class and type:
Displacement:
  • 3,900 long tons (4,000 t) light
  • 4,100 long tons (4,200 t) full load
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft: 11 ft 2 in (3.40 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 11.6 kn (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph)
Complement: 22 officers, 233 enlisted men
Armament:

USS Patroclus (ARL-19) was laid down as a United States Navy LST-542-class tank landing ship but converted to one of 39 Achelous-class repair ships that were used for repairing landing craft during World War II. Named for Patroclus (a Homeric character; a beloved of Achilles, slain by Hector while fighting in Achilles’ armor), she was the only US Naval vessel to bear the name.

Construction[edit]

LST–955 was laid down on 22 September 1944, at Hingham, Massachusetts, by the Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard; launched 22 October 1944; and placed in reduced commission 13 November 1944, to proceed to Baltimore, Maryland; decommissioned on 27 November; converted to an ARL at the Bethlehem Key Highway Plant; and commissioned in full 17 April 1945, with Lieutenant Evan G. Bower, USNR in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

Following shakedown in Chesapeake Bay, Patroclus departed the east coast 22 May 1945, transited the Panama Canal, and steamed to San Francisco for final outfitting. Steaming westward 2 July, the landing craft repair ship arrived at Saipan 7 August, and reported for duty with Serv Div 103. On 27 August, she continued on to Tokyo Bay, to provide repair facilities for occupation force vessels. Assigned to Tokyo Bay, she witnessed the formal surrender of Japan on 2 September, then commenced repair work on all LSMs, LCIs, LCSs, and LSTs in the area. On 7 April 1946, Patroclus was relieved by USS Romulus and on 8 April, she departed for the east coast of the United States and inactivation.[3]

Decommissioned 2 October 1946, Patroclus was berthed at Green Cove Springs, Florida, as a unit of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet until November 1951. Then, transferred to the custody of the 6th Naval District, she underwent conversion prior to transfer under the Military Assistance Program. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register 22 August 1952, she was transferred to Turkey, on 15 November 1952, where she served that nation as TCG Basaran (A 582).[3] She was scrapped in September 1993.[2]

USS Patroclus (ARL-19) anchored at Tinian, Marianas Islands with an unidentified LSM alongside to port, date unknown. Prominent in this view is the ship's 15- and 20-ton booms as well as the 60-ton A-frame boom.

Notes[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

External links[edit]

  • Photo gallery of USS Patroclus (ARL-19) at NavSource Naval History