União da Vitória
|União da Vitória|
União da Vitória downtown
Location in Paraná, Brazil
|• Mayor||Hilton Santin Roveda (PR)|
|• Total||720 km2 (280 sq mi)|
|Elevation||752 m (2,467 ft)|
|• Density||72/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|Website||Prefeitura de União da Vitória|
União da Vitória is a city located in the south of the State of Paraná, Brazil. Its population was about 56.650 people in 2010. In the economic area, União da Vitória's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is US$115,364,648.65.
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The colonization of the region begun in the end of the 19th century with the troops that usually came from the central villages of Rio Grande do Sul in order to sell their bovines in the Southeast Region larger cities, such as Sorocaba, due to the discovery of a shallow passage in the middle of Iguazu River called "Vau do Iguaçu". Years later, on March 27, 1890, dismembered of Palmas, the city of União da Vitória was founded.
After that, European immigrants, such as Ukrainians, Poles, Germans and Italians settled with their families in the region, attracted mainly by the similar climate, topography, vegetation and opportunity of having a better quality of life.
In the early 20th century, the Contestado War, a conflict that Paraná, Santa Catarina and Argentina contested the region rich in "erva mate" and crossed by an important railway. Due to the war, the area had been completely destroyed; so that, the existent city of União da Vitória, at the Iguazu Valley, started its renovation and development.
In the 1950s, the city was getting larger and the economy increasing by wood and yerba mate production and the beginning of this products exportation; but its golden age did not last long.
União da Vitória's HDI is of 0.793, classified as medium at this kind of measure.
Mainly based in the wood industry, internationally known for its wooden furniture, which is exported all over the world including the United States and Europe.
The tourist attractions are also explored; its waterfalls (more than eighty documented) are organized in a guided route with boat and car trip, kayak and trekking, called "Rota das Cachoeiras" (Route of the Waterfalls) visited by many people from the country.
The city is widely known for its universities in the Southern Region of Brazil, gathering a large quantity of students from the south of Paraná and the north of Santa Catarina.
União da Vitória is classified as a humid subtropical region in the Köppen climate classification. Temperatures on summer can reach 86°F (30°C) and on winter 27°F (-3°C). It is normal to occur frosts and rarily snowfall.
União da Vitória lies on the south bank of Iguazu River and at 752 meters above the sea level. The city borders its interstate neighbour Porto União, Santa Catarina; both are known as "Gêmeas do Iguaçu" (Iguazu Twins).
Being located between the Second and the Third Plateaus, the city's topography is characterized by extrusive igneous mountains origined in the Paraná Flood Basalt; making this region full of waterfalls and creeks nationally known.
The city is served by José Cleto Airport.