Project Unigauge

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Comparison of different gauges in India with standard gauge

Project Unigauge is an ongoing exercise by Indian Railways to standardize most of the rail gauges in India to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge.

Railways in India currently have five different gauges: the 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge, the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge, the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge, and two narrow gauges 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) and 2 ft (610 mm). The total track length used by Indian Railways is 115,000 km (71,000 mi) while the total route length of the network is 66,687.46 km (41,437.67 mi) in 2016.[1]

Current status[edit]

Gauge Name March 2016
Track km
Track
share
March 2016
Route km
Route
share
March 2016 
Electrified
Route km
1951 
Route km
Route
share
1951 
Electrified
Route km
1676 mm Broad gauge 108565 94.41% 61037 91.53% 27999 25258 47.0% 388
1000 mm Metre gauge 4500 3.91% 3715 5.57% 0 24185 45.0% 0
762 and 610 mm Narrow gauges 1935 1.68% 1935 2.90% 0 4300 8.0% 0
Total 115000 100% 66687[2] 100% 27999[3] 53743 100% 388

Routes that will not be converted[edit]

Heritage routes[edit]

A single metre-gauge line and three narrow-gauge lines on which heritage trains run in hilly regions will not be converted to broad gauge. These are:

Name of heritage railway line Gauge
mm
Track
km
State
from (plains)
to (hills)
Nilgiri Mountain Railway 1,000 mm 46 Tamil Nadu Mettupalayam/MTP Udagamandalam (Ooty)/UAM
Kalka–Shimla Railway 762 mm 94 Himachal Pradesh Kalka/KLK Shimla/SML
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway 610 mm 79 West Bengal New Jalpaiguri/NJP Darjeeling/DJ
Matheran Hill Railway 610 mm 20 Maharashtra Neral/NRL Matheran/MAE
Total 239

A demand has been made to convert Kangra Valley Railway (which was previously supposed to be a heritage line) into broad gauge but no work has been started yet.[4]

Urban rail[edit]

Urban rail transit lines (except suburban rail which are already in broad gauge) which serve the urban areas were built or are being built in standard gauge only and will not be converted to broad gauge. These encompass metro, monorail and trams.

Routes where conversion is remaining[edit]

  • Northern Railway
  1. Pathankot - Joginder Nagar (164 km) (NG) in Himachal Pradesh
  • Western Railway
  1. Ahmedabad - Botad (177 km)
  2. Himmatnagar - Khed Brahma (54 km)
  3. Ahmedabad - Ranuj (114 km)
  4. Ambliyasan - Vijapur (42 km)
  5. Bhadran - Nadiad (58 km) (NG)
  6. Bilimora - Waghai (63 km) (NG)
  7. Chandod - Dabhoi (17 km) (NG)
  8. Choranda - Moti Koral (19 km) (NG)
  9. Dabhoi - Malsar (70 km) (NG)
  10. Jetpur - Lathi (87 km)
  11. Junagadh - Delvada (159 km)
  12. Kosamba - Umarpada (61 km) (NG)
  13. Pratapnagar - Jambusar (51 km) (NG)
  14. Veraval - Talala - Dhasa Jn. (190 km)
  15. Mhow - Sanawad (64 KM) in Madhya Pradesh
  • North Eastern Railway
  1. Dohrighat - Indara (33 km)
  2. Bahraich - Mailani (205 km)
  3. Jhanjharpur - Laukaha Bazar (62 km)
  4. Mailani - Pilibhit (64 km)
  5. MandhanaBrahmavart (10 km)
  6. Mathura Jn. - Vrindavan (12 km)
  7. Nanpara Junction - Nepalganj Road (19 km)
  8. Shahjahanpur - Pilibhit (84 km)
  • North Western Railway
  1. Marwar - Mavli (151 km)
  • Central Railway
  1. Pachora - Jamner (56 km) (NG)
  2. Pulgaon - Arvi (35 km) (NG)
  3. Achalpur - Yavatmal (186 km) (NG)
  • North Central Railway
  1. Gwalior - Sheopur Kalan (199 km) (NG)
  2. Dhaulpur-Mohari-Sirmuttra (70 km)(NG)
  3. Mohari - Tantpur (18 km)(NG)
  • South East Central Railway
  1. Nagpur - Nagbhid (110 km) (NG)
  2. Rajim - Abhanpur (17 km) (NG)
  3. Raipur - Dhamtari (73 km) (NG)

Routes under conversion[edit]

  • Western Railway
  1. Bhuj - Naliya (101 km) in Gujarat
  2. Chhuchapura - Tankhala (38 KM)
  3. Timba Road - Dabhoi (101 KM)
  4. Mahesana - Taranga Hill (57 km)
  5. Ahmedabad - Udaipur (298 km)
  6. Sanawad - Khandwa - Akola (224 KM) in Madhya Pradesh/Maharashtra
  • North Western Railway
  1. Jaipur - Churu (198 KM)
  2. Mavli - Bari Sadri (82 km)
  • Northeast Frontier Railway
  1. Baraigram - Dullabcherra (24 KM)
  2. Amguri - Tuli (15 KM)
  • Southern Railway
  1. Bodinayakkanur - Madurai (88 KM) in Tamil Nadu
  2. Pollachi - Podanur (40 KM) in Tamil Nadu
  3. AryankavuEdamon (25.2 KM) in Kerala
  4. ThiruvarurKaraikudi (148 KM) in Tamil Nadu
  • South East Central Railway
  1. Nagpur - Chhindwara - Nainpur (289 KM) (NG)
  2. Nainpur - Mandla Fort (42 KM) (NG)
  3. Balaghat - Sukrimangla (144 KM) (NG)
  • North Eastern Railway
  1. Pilibhit - Tanakpur (62.77 km)
  2. Narkatiaganj - Bhikhana Thori (36 km)
  3. Narkatiaganj - Raxaul (41 KM)
  4. Tharbitia - Forbesganj (72 KM)
  5. Lucknow (Aishbagh) - Sitapur (90 km)
  6. Sitapur - Mailani (106 km)
  7. Bihariganj - Banmankhi (28 km)
  8. Bahraich - Gonda (61 km)
  9. Jhanjharpur - Nirmali (32 km)
  10. Saharsa - Raghopur (63 km)
  11. Gainsari - Jarwa (15 km) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Eastern Railway
  1. Balgona - Katwa (26 KM) (West Bengal)
  2. Ahmedpur - Katwa (53 KM) (West Bengal)
  3. Shantipur - Nabadwip (13 KM) (West Bengal)

Routes where conversion is completed[edit]

2017[edit]

  1. Bareilly City - Ramganga (9 km)
  2. Punalur-Edamon (10 KM) in Tamil Nadu/Kerala
  3. Sengottai-Aryankavu (14 KM) in Tamil Nadu/Kerala
  4. Ratangarh - Sardarshahar (46 KM) in Rajasthan

2016[edit]

  1. Badarpur - Agartala (227 km) in Assam/Tripura [1]
  2. Silchar - Jiribam (50 km) in Assam/Manipur
  3. Katakhal - Bairabi (84 km) in Assam/Mizoram [2]
  4. Indore - Mhow (21 km) in Madhya Pradesh [3]
  5. Hanumangarh - Sadulpur (172 km) in Rajasthan [4]
  6. Banmankhi - Purnia in Bihar (36 km) [5]
  7. Thawe - Chhapra (107 km) in Bihar [6]
  8. Kotturu - Gunda Road (52 km) (Karnataka) [7]
  9. Jabalpur - Sukrimangla (43 km) (Madhya Pradesh)
  10. Maishashan - Karimganj (11 KM) (NFR) [8]
  11. Bhojipura - Pilibhit (39.03 km)

2015[edit]

  1. North Lakhimpur - Murkongselek (154 km) in Assam [9][10]
  2. Balipara - Bhalukpong (34 km) in Assam [11]
  3. Lumding - Silchar (210 km) in Assam [12]
  4. Pollachi - Palakkad (55 km) in Tamil Nadu/Kerala [13]
  5. Sikar - Loharu (122 km) in Rajasthan [14]
  6. Gonda - Barhni (107 km) in Uttar Pradesh

2014[edit]

  1. Raxaul - Chauradano (24 km) in Bihar
  2. Palani - Pollachi (63 km) in Tamil Nadu [15]
  3. Fatehabad - Indore Junction (35 km) in Madhya Pradesh [16]
  4. Ankleshwar - Rajpipla (63 km) in Gujarat [17]
  5. Bareilly - Kasganj (106 km) in Uttar Pradesh [18]
  6. Rangapara North - Tezpur (27 km) in Assam
  7. Dauram Madhepura - Banmankhi (42 km) in Bihar
  8. Rangiya - Rangapara North (122 km) in Assam
  9. Rangapara North - Harmuti (143 km) in Assam

2013[edit]

  1. RatlamFatehabad (85.74 km) in Madhya Pradesh [19]
  2. VirudhunagarManamadurai (66 km) in Tamil Nadu [20]
  3. KolarChikbalapur (85 km) in Karnataka [21]

2012[edit]

  1. Bareilly City - Lalkua in Uttar Pradesh
  2. MayiladuturaiThiruvarur in Tamil Nadu

2011[edit]

  1. KrishnanagarShantipur in West Bengal
  2. SitamarhiBairgania in Bihar
  3. KaptanganjThawe in Uttar Pradesh
  4. KatiharTejnarayanpur in Bihar
  5. MavliNathdwara in Rajasthan
  6. AnandapuramTalguppa in Karnataka
  7. DindigulPalani in Tamil Nadu
  8. TirunelveliTenkasi in Tamil Nadu
  9. Bodeli - Chottaudepur in Gujarat
  10. BardhmanBalgona in West Bengal
  11. AunriharJaunpur in Uttar Pradesh
  12. Aluabari RoadSiliguri in West Bengal
  13. RatangarhBikaner in Rajasthan
  14. Bharuch - Samni - Dahej in Gujarat
  15. Parlakimidi - Gunupur in Odisha
  16. Mathura - Achhnera in Uttar Pradesh
  17. Katihar - Manihari in Bihar
  18. ShimogaAnandapuramin Karnataka
  19. NanjangudChamarajanagar in Karnataka
  20. BagalkotGadag in Karnataka
  21. MysoreNanjangud in Karnataka
  22. BijapurBagalkot in Karnataka
  23. Sakleshpur – Subramanya Rd in Karnataka

2010[edit]

  1. Kanpur Central - Farukkhabad in Uttar Pradesh
  2. DeganaRatangarh in Rajasthan
  3. Ratangarh - Sadulpur in Rajasthan
  4. Bhildi - Samdari in Rajasthan
  5. Pakala - Dharmavaram in Andhra Pradesh
  6. Vellore - Villupuram in Tamil Nadu

2009 and earlier[edit]

  1. PhuleraRingasRewari opened for BG on 15.01.2009.
  2. Guntakal - Kalluru MG has been converted and shortened from 80 km to 60 km.
  3. MathuraKasganj

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]