United Nations Security Council Resolution 1435
|UN Security Council
|Date||24 September 2002|
|Subject||The situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question|
|14 voted for
None voted against
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 1435, adopted on 24 September 2002, after recalling resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 1397 (2002), 1402 (2002) and 1403 (2002), the Council demanded the end to Israeli measures in Ramallah, including the destruction of Palestinian infrastructure.
The Security Council reiterated its concern at events that had taken place in the region since September 2000 and their deterioration, particularly terrorist attacks against civilians in Israel and at a Palestinian school in Hebron. It demanded the end of the occupation of the headquarters of the President of the Palestinian Authority Yasser Arafat. Furthermore, there was alarm at the reoccupation of Palestinian cities and restrictions on the freedom of movement of people and goods and the need for all to respect the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949.
The resolution reiterated the need for a complete cessation of all acts of violence, demanding that Israel end measures in and around Ramallah and to withdraw occupying forces from Palestinian cities to positions held before September 2000. The Palestinian Authority was called upon to ensure that those responsible for the terrorist acts would be brought to justice. It also supported further diplomatic efforts by the Quartet on the Middle East and others in the region and recognised the initiative adopted at the Arab League Summit in Beirut which stated that peace between Israel and the Palestinians could be achieved through the abandonment of the right to return of Palestinian refugees in exchange for the establishment of a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders and the sharing of Jerusalem.
Resolution 1435 was adopted by 14 votes to none against and one abstention from the United States. American representatives John Negroponte and John Cunningham stated that the country would not support a "one-sided resolution" which did not explicitly condemn the terrorists or those who gave them safe haven.
- Arab–Israeli conflict
- Israeli–Palestinian conflict
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1401 to 1500 (2002–2003)
- Second Intifada
- Violence in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict 2002
- "Security Council demands immediate halt to Israeli measures in Ramallah, 'expeditious' Israeli withdrawal to pre-September 2000 positions". United Nations. 24 September 2002.
- "Security Council demands end to Israeli measures in and around Ramallah". United Nations News Centre. 24 September 2002.
- Lowe, Vaughan; Roberts, Adam; Welsh, Jennifer (2008). The United Nations Security Council and war: the evolution of thought and practice since 1945. Oxford University Press US. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-19-953343-5.
- Preston, Julia; Bennet, James (24 September 2002). "U.N. Security Council Calls for End to Siege of Arafat". The New York Times.
- Summary of the 4614th Meeting (AM, PM & Night). Security Council, 23/24 September 2002 (Press Release, doc.nr.SC/7509)
- Text of Resolution at UNISPAL
- Text of Resolution at UNHCR.org
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