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Babel & Babelfish
- 641 or 642 – King Penda of Mercia defeated and killed King Oswald of Northumbria at the Battle of Maserfield, traditionally believed to have been fought in Oswestry, Shropshire, England.
- 1583 – Explorer Humphrey Gilbert established the first English colony in North America at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
- 1925 – The Welsh political party Plaid Cymru was founded with the goals of promoting the Welsh language and the political independence of the Welsh nation.
- 1962 – Actress and model Marilyn Monroe (pictured) was found dead in her home in Brentwood, Los Angeles, an event that has become the center of one of the most debated conspiracy theories.
- 1995 – During Operation Storm, Croatian forces recovered the town of Knin from the Republic of Serbian Krajina.
- More anniversaries:
Did you know?
- ... that one of the first long galleries in England was built at Allington Castle (pictured) near Maidstone, Kent?
- ... that the Indian actor Shahid Kapoor turned vegetarian after reading a book on the subject?
- ... that Herbert Read described the work of the Geometry of Fear sculptors at the 1952 Venice Biennale as "scuttling across the floors of silent seas"?
- ... that Oliver Brown, a founding member of the Scottish National Party, once stood for election in Scotland as an Irish Anti-Partitionist?
- ... that the Portuguese settlement in Chittagong flourished for more than 130 years between the 16th and 17th centuries?
- ... that Arthur Dingle was selected to play rugby for England in 1913, even though Oxford had dropped him?
- ... that Mark Ronson and Jeff Bhaskar dropped in on churches, nightclubs, bars, and community centres in an attempt to find an appropriate vocalist for their song "I Can't Lose"?
- ... that Brad Carter became known as the "guy playing guitar during brain surgery" after he posted a video of his brain operation on YouTube?