Friends of Tribals Society
The Friends of Tribals Society (FTS), or Vanbandhu Parishad, is a volunteer organization formed in 1989 with the goal of improving literacy and health among the Adivasi, rural tribal people in India. The society operates one-teacher schools in the villages, led by trained members of the local community.
The FTS is associated with the Ekal Vidyalaya Foundation, which is active in fundraising abroad. FTS operates Ekal Vidyalayas in Assam, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Karnataka, while its sister organization Bharat Lok Shiksha Parishad (BLSP) operates in Uttar Pradesh, Uttranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.
The schools (Ekal Vidyalyas) are led by a local person who is trained as a teacher. The curriculum is mainly basic literacy in the language of the state, but also introduces concepts of Hinduism, even in areas where that is not the main religion. An Ekal Vidyalaya teacher was killed by Naxalites for ignoring their directive not to teach Hindu culture. As of July 2003, the FTS was operating 6,966 schools with 222,775 students. By July 2007, the FTS and the Ekal Vidyalaya was operating over 23,000 schools. The FTS had the goal of operating 30,000 schools by 2011. The target was achieved and surpassed by March 2010 itself reaching 34,000 schools with 10,30,290 students.
The society is associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), which belongs to the Sangh Parivar, a Hindu nationalist organization, although FTS officials claim to be independent of these organizations. After a 2004 electoral victory by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Madhya Pradesh, the Human Resources Development minister Murli Manohar Joshi gave credit to the FTS for helping achieve the BJP victory. In May 2005, the Union Human Resource Development Ministry stopped grants to the FTS for their schools after an inquiry reported that the organization was misusing this funding. The FTS was said to be inflating their school registers, failing to provide educational material and teaching divisive ideology. In December 2010 the State Bank of India donated money to purchase teaching materials for 150 one-teacher schools in the Patna area.
- "Friends of Tribals Society (FTS) an introduction". Friends of Tribals Society. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "Newsletter October 2010". Ekal Vidyalaya Foundation.
- "EKAL VIDYALAYA MOVEMENT". Ekal Vidyalaya India. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- HARTOSH SINGH BAL (January 18, 2004). "Growing Tribe". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Aarti Dhar (Mar 18, 2004). "Making inroads into the tribal belt". The Hindu. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "Friends of Tribals Society to open chapter". The Hindu. Jul 15, 2007. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- SUDESHNA BANERJEE (January 5, 2007). "Books and beyond - Reaching out to the tribals". The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Anita Joshua (May 19, 2005). "Centre stops grants to `one-teacher schools'". The Hindu. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "SBI donates money for schools". The Times of India. Dec 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Official website Friends Of Tribals Society