Vance, Alabama

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Town of Vance [1]
The U.S. Post Office in Vance, Alabama
The U.S. Post Office in Vance, Alabama
Location in Tuscaloosa County and the state of Alabama
Location in Tuscaloosa County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°9′52″N 87°13′54″W / 33.16444°N 87.23167°W / 33.16444; -87.23167
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Tuscaloosa, Bibb
 • Total 10.2 sq mi (26.5 km2)
 • Land 10.2 sq mi (26.4 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 509 ft (155 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,529
 • Density 150/sq mi (58.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 35490
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-78264
GNIS feature ID 0158947

Vance is a town in Tuscaloosa and Bibb counties in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,529.[2] It is most famous for the Mercedes-Benz U.S. International plant, currently the only one in North America. The current mayor of Vance is Keith Mahaffey.

The Tuscaloosa County portion of Vance is part of the Tuscaloosa Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Bibb County portion is part of the BirminghamHoover Metropolitan Statistical Area.


The town of Vance was first settled in 1830 by David M. Lindley. At that time, the town was called Trion and it was a trading post on the Old Huntsville Road.

In 1872, Trion was renamed Smallwood in honor of sawmill owner Charles Smallwood.

In 1879, Smallwood was renamed its current name Vance in honor of Dr. William Vance of North Carolina.[citation needed]

Town government[edit]

Council members[edit]

  • Mayor - Keith Mahaffey
  • Place 1 - Debbie Minor
  • Place 2 - Harold McAdory
  • Place 3 - Debbie Nichols
  • Place 4 - Brenda Morrison
  • Place 5 - Dianne Averett
  • Town Clerk - Tracy Burt

Police department[edit]

  • Chief of Police - W. T. Graham
  • Assistant Chief - B. L. Bigham


Most of the town of Vance is located in southeastern Tuscaloosa County, with the town center at 33°9'52.276" North, 87°13'54.185" West (33.164521, -87.231718).[3] The town extends south into Bibb County. U.S. Route 11 passes through the center of the town, leading west 21 miles (34 km) to Tuscaloosa and northeast 36 miles (58 km) to downtown Birmingham. Interstate 59 parallels Route 11 and serves Vance via Exit 89, adjacent to the Mercedes-Benz plant.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.2 square miles (26.5 km2), of which 10.2 square miles (26.4 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.29%, is water.[2]


Average annual rainfall is 54.9 inches (1,390 mm).[citation needed]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 254
1990 248 −2.4%
2000 500 101.6%
2010 1,529 205.8%
Est. 2013 1,530 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 500 people, 189 households, and 154 families residing in the town. The population density was 61.3 people per square mile (23.7/km²). There were 207 housing units at an average density of 25.4 per square mile (9.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.40% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.00% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 189 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 110.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $50,833. Males had a median income of $37,500 versus $21,944 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,867. About 2.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°09′52″N 87°13′54″W / 33.164521°N 87.231718°W / 33.164521; -87.231718