Bibb County, Alabama
|Founded||February 7, 1818|
|Named for||William W. Bibb|
|• Total||626 sq mi (1,620 km2)|
|• Land||623 sq mi (1,610 km2)|
|• Water||3.6 sq mi (9 km2) 0.6%|
|• Density||36/sq mi (14/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Bibb County is a county in the central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama. The county is included in the ARC's definition of Appalachia. As of the 24th decennial census of 2020, its population was 22,293. The county seat is Centreville. The county is named in honor of William W. Bibb (1781-1820), the Governor of Alabama Territory (1817-1819) and the first Governor of Alabama (1819-1820, when he died). He is also the namesake for Bibb County, Georgia, where he began his political career. It is a "prohibition" or dry county; however, a few towns have become "wet" by allowing the sale of alcoholic beverages: Woodstock (12/2017), West Blocton (08/2012), Centreville (06/2010), and Brent (05/2010). The Bibb County Courthouse is located in the county seat of Centreville.
Cahawba County was established ("erected") on February 7, 1818, named for the Cahawba River (now more commonly known as Cahaba River). This name came from the Choctaw language word meaning "water above." On December 4, 1820, it was renamed as Bibb County.
In the wake of the American Civil War, the state legislature passed laws to create a new constitution that raised barriers to voter registration and effectively excluded Freedmen from the political process. Many residents resisted the objectives of Union occupation both during and after Reconstruction because they wanted to restore the Antebellum social and political norms. During this time of transition, Bibb, Dallas, and Pickens counties held the third-highest number of lynchings in the state. On June 18, 1919, Jim McMillan was lynched by a White mob. On November 7, 2000, Bibb county voted against a proposed amendment to Alabama's constitution to abolish the prohibition of interracial marriages. 
- Jefferson County - north
- Shelby County - northeast
- Chilton County - southeast
- Perry County - southwest
- Hale County - southwest
- Tuscaloosa County - northwest
National protected areas
- U.S. Highway 11
- U.S. Highway 82
- State Route 5
- State Route 25
- State Route 58
- State Route 139
- State Route 209
- State Route 219
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,915 people, 7,953 households, and 5,748 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 8,981 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.8% White, 22.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,953 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.5 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,770, and the median income for a family was $51,956. Males had a median income of $40,219 versus $28,085 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,918. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
From 1920 to 1970, the population of the rural county declined considerably. Many African Americans joined the Great Migration to northern and western cities, to escape the violence and racial oppression of Jim Crow.
Government and infrastructure
Bibb County has a five-member County Commission, elected from single-member districts. Members take turns in serving as chairman of the commission, rotating the position every nine and a half months.
Bibb County is reliably Republican at the presidential level. The last Democrat to win the county in a presidential election is Jimmy Carter, who won it by a majority in 1980 despite narrowly losing the state of Alabama to Ronald Reagan.
Places of interest
Bibb County is home to the Talladega National Forest supervised by the United States Forestry Service (of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), and a section of the Cahaba River which draws visitors to view the unique "Cahaba Lily", or (known by its scientific Latinized name: Hymenocallis coronaria).
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Bibb County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Bibb County, Alabama
- "QuickFacts: Bibb County, Alabama; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Wet and Dry Counties of Alabama". Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. State of Alabama. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "Alabama Counties: Bibb County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, AL: Alabama Department of Archives and History. December 13, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- "Supplement: Lynchings by County/ Alabama: Bibb", 2nd edition Archived April 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, from Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror, 2015, Equal Justice Institute, Montgomery, Alabama
- "Alabama Secretary of State: State and local proposed constitutional amendments"
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Lee, Johnathan (February 17, 2015). "Great Migration Shortened Lives of Blacks Who Fled Jim Crow South". NBC News. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- "County Commission", Bibb County, Alabama website
- "Bibb Correctional Facility Archived July 4, 2006, at the Wayback Machine." Alabama Department of Corrections. Retrieved on July 4, 2011.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 15, 2016.