|• Total||2.29 km2 (0.88 sq mi)|
(31 December 2020)
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Vaxholm is a city, urban area and the seat of Vaxholm Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden. It occupies the islands of Vaxön and Kullö in the Stockholm archipelago. The name Vaxholm comes from Vaxholm Fortress, which was constructed in 1549 on the adjacent islet of Vaxholmen.
For historical reasons it has always been referred to as a city, despite the small number of inhabitants, which as of 2020 total was 6,151. Vaxholm Municipality prefers to use the designation Vaxholms stad (City of Vaxholm) for its whole territory, including 64 islets in the Stockholm archipelago, a usage which is somewhat confusing.
Vaxholm Fortress was originally constructed by Gustav Vasa in 1548 to defend Stockholm against shipborne attacks from the east. The fortress lies in the middle of the Kodjupet strait, one of two main routes into Stockholm from the open sea.
The town of Vaxholm, which lies adjacent to the fortress but on the western side of the Kodjupet strait, was established in 1558, when King Gustav Vasa bought some farms from Count Per Brahe the Elder. It later received rights as a merchant town (köping) and in 1652 was granted the Royal Charter. The designated coat of arms reminds of the fortifications as well as shipping industry.
In 1849, the Djurgårdens Ångbåts-Aktie-Bolag introduced a steamboat service from Stockholm to Vaxholm. Through a number of acquisitions and mergers, this company became that known today as Waxholmsbolaget. As a consequence and in the 1860s, Vaxholm became a popular resort town, especially for bathers, and many wooden summer houses were built by people from Stockholm.
It was not until 1912 that houses were allowed to be built from materials other than wood, giving the town a distinctive appearance. In 1926 the town got its first fixed land connection via the single-lane Pålsundsbron bridge that links to the Bogesundslandet peninsular to the south of the town. This was followed in 1965 by the wider Vaxholmsbron bridge that links to the island of Kullö to the north-west of the town, carrying county road 274 on its way to the mainland.
Until 2020, the urban area of Vaxholm, as defined by Statistics Sweden, was entirely contained within the island of Vaxön. However in that year, the urban area was redefined to include the adjacent island of Kullö.
Vaxholm is situated on an island, but is linked to the Swedish mainland by a series of road bridges, and a bus service connects the town to Stockholm city. The Waxholmsbolaget and other ferry lines also provide boat services to central Stockholm and many of the other islands of the Stockholm archipelago, using a mixture of classic steamers and modern fast passenger ferries.
The Vaxholmsleden car ferry connects Vaxholm to the island of Rindö across the Kodjupet strait. The Kastellet ferry, an electrically powered cable ferry provides passenger access to Vaxholm Fortress on its islet in the middle of the Kodjupet.
The following sports clubs are located in Vaxholm :
- IFK Vaxholm
- Vaxholms IBF
- Vaxholms TK
- IK Waxholm
- Waxholms KK
- "Statistiska tätorter 2020, befolkning, landareal, befolkningstäthet per tätort" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 26 May 2023. Retrieved 25 May 2023.
- "Vaxholm Fortress Museum". Vaxholms Fästnings Museum. Archived from the original on 18 May 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
- "Waxholmsbolaget". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 10 July 2011. (subscription required)
- "Rower Madams and Djurgården ferries". Waxholmsbolaget. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- "The history of Vaxholm". Destination Vaxholm. Archived from the original on 26 May 2023. Retrieved 24 May 2023.
- "Historia" [History] (in Swedish). City of Vaxholm. Archived from the original on 26 May 2023. Retrieved 24 May 2023.
- "Vaxholms broar" [Vaxholm's bridges]. Upplevvaxholm.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 26 May 2023. Retrieved 26 May 2023.
- "Avregistrerade och nyregistrerade statistiska tätorter 2020" [Deregistered and newly registered statistical agglomerations in 2020] (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 12 June 2023. Retrieved 12 June 2023.
- "Vaxholmsleden" (in Swedish). Trafikverket. Archived from the original on 23 May 2023. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
- "Linfärjan Vaxholmen" (in Swedish). Vaxholms stad. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
Media related to Vaxholm at Wikimedia Commons