General Victor Odlum by Jack Boothe, 1936.
21 October 1880|
|Died||4 April 1971(aged 90)|
|Years of service||1900–1924
|Commands held||2nd Canadian Infantry Division|
World War I
World War II
|Other work||journalist, soldier, diplomat|
Victor Wentworth Odlum, CB, CMG, DSO (21 October 1880 – 4 April 1971) was a Canadian journalist, soldier, and diplomat. He was a prominent member of the business and political elite of Vancouver, British Columbia from the 1920s until his death in 1971. He was a newspaper publisher, a Liberal MLA from 1924–1928, co-founder of the Non-Partisan Association in 1937, temperance advocate, one of the first directors on the board of governors that oversaw the new Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and a Canadian ambassador. He fought in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II.
Odlum was born in Cobourg, Ontario, the son of Edward Odlum (1850–1935), a notable historian and supporter of British Israelism. (A small street in Vancouver is named after the senior Odlum). When Victor was 6, his family moved to Japan for four years before moving to Vancouver, British Columbia in 1889.
At age 19, Odlum fought in the Boer War with The Royal Canadian Regiment; upon his return, he became a newspaperman, serving as a reporter and then editor-in-chief of the Daily World. By the time he was 25, he was editor of the Vancouver World.
First World War
With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Odlum received a commission as major of the 7th Battalion of the First Canadian Division of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, second-in-command under Lieutenant-Colonel William Hart-McHarg.
Second Battle of Ypres
Odlum's battalion moved into the front lines in April 1915, and only days later was subjected to the first gas attacks on the Western Front that heralded the Second Battle of Ypres. Odlum showed great personal bravery during the battle. On a reconnaissance with Hart-McHarg, the two suddenly came under heavy small arms fire from a concealed group of Germans. They took cover in a shell-hole, Hart-McHarg seriously wounded. Realizing Hart-McHarg needed immediate medical attention, Odlum left the safety of the shell hole and zig-zagged up a hill under heavy fire in order to locate a medical officer. Despite Odlum's bravery, Hart-McHarg's wound proved fatal, and Odlum was subsequently promoted to command of the 7th Battalion, reporting to Brigadier-General Arthur Currie, commander of the 2nd Brigade. Odlum's battalion was almost immediately transferred to the 3rd Brigade under Brigadier-General Richard Turner and moved to the vicinity of St. Julien. The next day, the entire 3rd Brigade came under intense attack. After repulsing several attacks, Odlum's battalion desperately needed reinforcements and ammunition, but calls and messages to Turner's headquarters went unheeded. An ammunition party composed of Odlum's brother Joseph and several others attempted to resupply the front-line trenches; Odlum, from his command post, watched with shock as a shell landed in the midst of the party, killing his brother and several others. Odlum eventually was forced to withdraw his brigade before it was completely overwhelmed, but organized the withdrawal so well that his men suffered minimal losses.
Remainder of the war
Odlum's abilities under fire were noted by General Arthur Currie, and Odlum was promoted regularly, eventually attaining the rank of Brigadier General by the end of the war. He often was in the front lines with his men, personally led several attacks with pistol drawn, and was wounded three times during the war. Because he was a strict teetotaller, he insisted on non-alcoholic substitutes for his troops' traditional daily rum ration, earning him the derisive nicknames "Pea Soup Odlum" and "Old Lime Juice".
In 1917, Odlum and fellow officer David Watson helped their commanding officer Arthur Currie avoid charges of embezzlement by loaning Currie enough money to repay a large sum he had borrowed from regimental funds before the war.
Prominent citizen of Vancouver
After the war Odlum returned to Vancouver, where he became a prominent financier, founding the investment firm Odlum Brown in 1923 with Colonel Albert "Buster" Brown. Odlum and fellow soldiers of his old 7th Battalion erected a memorial tablet in Christ Church, Vancouver, to perpetuate the memory of their original commanding officer, William Hart-McHarg, killed during the Second Battle of Ypres. Odlum also served as a member of the Provincial Legislature from 1924–1928. At the same time, he returned to the world of journalism, becoming the owner of the Vancouver Daily Star.
As with his rivals in the business at the time, Odlum used the paper to aggressively promote his views and advance his pet political causes, such as the temperance movement, as well as descending to sensationalist yellow journalism to boost circulation. In 1924, his paper stirred up anti-Chinese fervour by suggesting a Chinese houseboy employed by a posh Shaughnessy neighbourhood couple had murdered a Scottish nursemaid, Janet Smith, employed in the same household. Although the evidence instead suggested that the nursemaid had been accidentally killed by one of her employers during a domestic dispute, Odlum's paper suggested the Chinese houseboy, Wong Foon Sing, who had discovered the body, was the guilty party. Wong was subsequently kidnapped by vigilantes and tortured to elicit a confession; upon being freed, he was charged by police, but eventually released due to a total lack of evidence against him.
Odlum was virulently anti-Bolshevik and anti-union, and shut down the Star rather than give in to his employees, who had unionized and refused to accept a pay cut. During the 1930s, he helped coordinate and train Special Constables hired to break a strike on Vancouver's waterfront.
Soldier turned diplomat
Although Odlum had left the Canadian Army in 1919 and had also resigned his commission in the militia in 1924, with the outbreak of World War II in 1939, he lobbied the government for a position in the expanding Canadian Army. Eventually, through the efforts of his friend Ian Mackenzie, who was in the federal cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King, Odlum was promoted over several Permanent Force officers to the rank of Major General and command of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division. However, instead of preparing his forces for modern warfare, Odlum devoted much time to "extraneous matters" such as regimental brass bands and arm patches. Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (the professional head of the British Army), thought him a "political general", and was prompted to write to General Andrew McNaughton that Odlum was "too old...too set...to adapt his ideas" for the war.
In order to remove him from command, Odlum was appointed the High Commissioner to Australia from 1941 to 1942, and from 1942 to 1946, he was the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China. In 1947, he was appointed Canada's first Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Turkey, where he served until 1952.
- http://www.library.ubc.ca/spcoll/AZ/inventories/rescolo.html Odlum family fonds at the University of British Columbia
- Cassar, George H. (2010). Hell in Flanders Fields. Toronto: Dundurn Press. pp. 134–135.
- Cassar 2010, p. 170
- Walter Buckstone, Canadian War Records Office, Ministry of Information (1918). Canadian Generals (News reel). National Film Board.
- Leppard, Tom (September 2009). "No. 128: Victor Odlum ('Old Lime Juice')". Generals' Nicknames. Centre for First World War Studies, University of Birmingham. Archived from the original on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- Berton, Pierre (1986). Vimy. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-7710-1339-6.
- Odlum Brown Limited
- Baines, D. (2008-02-06). "Odlum Brown market maven reports: Vancouver investment dealer Odlum Brown Ltd. has attracted a loyal following in the 85 years since the firm was founded by Gen. Victor Odlum and Col. Albert (Buster) Brown". Vancouver Sun. Vancouver. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- Cassar 2010, p 136
- Macdonald, Ian; Betty O'Keefe (2000). Canadian Holy War: A Story of Clans, Tongs, Murder, and Bigotry. Surrey, BC: Heritage House.
- Starkins, Ed (1996). Greater Vancouver Book: Who Killed Janet Smith?. Vancouver: Linkman Press.
- "General Victor Odlum Returns to Toronto". Toronto World. 1919-07-10. p. 7. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- Stanton, John (1987). Never Say Die! The Life and Times of a Pioneer Labour Lawyer. Vancouver: Steel Rail Publishing.
- Granatstein, J.L. (2005). The Generals– The Canadian Army's Senior Commanders in the Second World War. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. pp. 35–36. ISBN 1-55238-176-5.
- Alanbrooke, Field Marshal Lord (2001). War Diaries. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 58. ISBN 0-297-60731-6.
- Granatstein, J.L. (2005). The Generals– The Canadian Army's Senior Commanders in the Second World War. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. pp. 37–38. ISBN 1-55238-176-5.
- "UBC Gets Odlum Library" (PDF). UBC Reports. Sep–Oct 1963. Retrieved 2007-11-09.