Vienna station (Washington Metro)

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ViennaFairfax – GMU
WMATA Metro Logo.svg WMATA Orange.svg rapid transit station
Vienna Metro platform.jpg
Location2900 Nutley Street
Fairfax, VA 22031
United States
Coordinates38°52′39″N 77°16′20″W / 38.877583°N 77.272301°W / 38.877583; -77.272301Coordinates: 38°52′39″N 77°16′20″W / 38.877583°N 77.272301°W / 38.877583; -77.272301
Owned byWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Line(s)WMATA Orange.svg
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
ConnectionsBus transport Metrobus: 1A, 2B, 29N
Bus transport CUE: Gold Route, Green Route
Bus transport Fairfax Connector
Bus transport OmniRide Commuter
Bus transport Mason Shuttles
Bus transport BestBus
Construction
Structure typeSurface
Parking5,840 spaces
Bicycle facilities54 racks, 56 lockers
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeK08
History
OpenedJune 7, 1986; 32 years ago (June 7, 1986)
Previous namesVienna (1986–1999)
Vienna/Fairfax – GMU (1999–2011)
Traffic
Passengers (2017)8,962 daily [1]Decrease 7.87%
Services
Preceding station   WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro   Following station
TerminusOrange Line

Vienna is a Washington Metro station in Fairfax County, Virginia on the Orange Line. The station is in Oakton, in the median of Interstate 66 at Nutley Street (Virginia State Route 243), with a Fairfax postal address.

The station can be accessed from I-66 without merging onto Nutley Street by a series of ramps that transport commuters to the station's north and south side parking complexes. From the parking areas, riders use elevated walkways that bridge the east and westbound lanes of I-66 to reach the platform and mezzanine. The station provides easy access to the nearby Town of Vienna, the City of Fairfax, and the main campus of George Mason University. Service began on June 7, 1986.

Station layout[edit]

P
Platform level
Eastbound WMATA Orange.svg toward New Carrollton (Dunn Loring)
WMATA Orange.svg alighting passengers only
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Eastbound WMATA Orange.svg toward New Carrollton (Dunn Loring)
WMATA Orange.svg alighting passengers only
M Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
G Street level Exit/entrance

History[edit]

Although originally identified as the western terminus of the Orange Line in the 1968 plan, by 1978 Fairfax County was debating whether the initial terminus should be at the Vienna location or at another location in Tysons Corner.[2] After much public debate and public comment, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors endorsed the Vienna routing. The endorsement was made after determining it would cost an additional $59 million and take another five years to complete the line to Tysons.[2] (Metro service to Tysons Corner would be established, with the 2014 opening of the Silver Line).

The groundbreaking for the station took place on September 8, 1982.[3] At the time of its groundbreaking, the final facility was to have cost $17.6 million with parking for 2,000 vehicles.[3] After nearly four years of construction, the station opened on June 7, 1986, as the western terminus of the Orange Line.[4] Its opening coincided with the completion of 9.1 miles (14.6 km) of rail from the Ballston station and the opening of the East Falls Church, West Falls Church, and Dunn Loring stations.[4]

By 1993, officials in Fairfax City were looking to add "Fairfax" to the station name.[5] In March 1999, the station name was changed to "Vienna/Fairfax – GMU".[6] The station reverted to its original "Vienna" name on November 3, 2011, with "Fairfax–GMU" as a subtitle.[7]

Transit-oriented development[edit]

In line with high-density development, the Fairlee Metro-West project aims to increase the housing density around the Vienna station from 60 single family homes to 2,250 condominiums and townhouses. This development has been controversial, as many Orange Line commuters believe the system will be pushed beyond capacity at rush hours as a result.[8] As of May 2009, the project is under construction.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. May 2017. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Locke, Maggie (April 25, 1978), "Fairfax Board Votes Metro Line for Vienna", The Washington Post, p. C1
  3. ^ a b Hodge, Paul (September 15, 1981), "Ceremonies Mark Start Of Work At Metro's Orange Line Station In Vienna", The Washington Post, p. VA 1
  4. ^ a b Lynton, Stephen J. (June 8, 1986), "9.1 More Miles For Metrorail", The Washington Post, p. C1
  5. ^ Shear, Michael D. (August 26, 1993), "Angling To Get on Metro Map; Merrifield, Fairfax City Want Stations Renamed", The Washington Post, p. V1
  6. ^ Reid, Alice (May 5, 1999), "All Aboard on Station Names", The Washington Post, p. B1
  7. ^ "Station names updated for new map" (Press release). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. November 3, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  8. ^ Shaffer, Ron (February 27, 2006). "Live Discussion with Post columnist Robert Thomson". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  9. ^ Gardner, Amy (May 21, 2009), "For More Riders, 'the Bus Is Beautiful'", The Washington Post, pp. V1

External links[edit]