Viola angustifolia

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Viola angustifolia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species:
V. angustifolia
Binomial name
Viola angustifolia
Synonyms

Viola wikipedia J.M.Watson & A.R.Flores

Viola angustifolia is a species of flowering plant, in the genus Viola.

Taxonomy[edit]

It was first described in 1857 by the Chilean paleontologist and zoologist Rudolph Amandus Philippi.

In 2019 the husband-and-wife team[1] of rock gardening enthusiasts John Michael Watson [es] and Ana Rosa Flores [es; ast] renamed the taxon V. wikipedia, after the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. They did so believing that the name V. angustifolia was illegitimate, because it was a later homonym.[2] The name "Viola angustifolia" had been published before Philippi described this species, in 1824 by the Swiss historian and botanist Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz, writing in the famous Prodromus of Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, as a nomina nuda, a synonym of a taxon (Pigea banksiana) that is now known as Hybanthus enneaspermus. The name had been proposed on a specimen sheet collected in India, but had never been validly published. As such, the name is what is known as a pro synonymo, a name which cannot be considered as validly published because it is merely a synonymy citation. Watson and Flores were thus wrong to rename the species and V. wikipedia is thus a superfluous and illegitimate name.[3][4]

Description[edit]

It is closely related to V. acanthophylla, V. bustillosia, and V. cheeseana, the latter being newly described by Watson and Flores.[2] It is differentiated from these other species by having a "leaf margin shallowly long-serrate. Peduncle clearly shorter than leaves".[2]

Distribution[edit]

The species is presumed to be endemic to the Santiago region of Chile.[2] It is known only from a specimen collected in 1855.[2][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contributors" (PDF). Rock Garden Quarterly. Winter 2012–2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-10-01. Retrieved 2019-10-01. John Watson lives in Chile with his wife and working partner, Anita Flores (Ana R. Flores for formal publications).
  2. ^ a b c d e Watson, J.M. (2019). "Lest we forget. A new identity and status for a Viola of section Andinium W. Becker; named for an old and treasured friend and companion. Plus another..." (PDF). International Rock Gardener (117): 47–. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-10-01.
  3. ^ "Viola angustifolia". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Viola wikipedia". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  5. ^ Philippi, R.A. (1857) Plantarum novarum chilensium. Centuria prima. Linnaea 28: 612.