Virginia State Route 3
|Maintained by VDOT|
|Length:||151 mi (242 km)|
|Existed:||1933 – present|
US 15 Bus. / US 522 in Culpeper
| I‑95 / US 17 in Fredericksburg
SR 3 Bus. / US 360 in Warsaw
US 17 Bus. / SR 14 in Gloucester
State Route 3 is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia that extends from the town of Culpeper south and eastwardly to Gloucester in Virginia's Middle Peninsula region. For many years, a portion was named "Historyland Highway".
- 1 Route description
- 2 History
- 3 Major intersections
- 4 Bannered routes
- 5 References
||This article or section is written in the wrong direction. U.S. road articles are generally written in a south-to-north and west-to-east direction in order to follow the order of their mileposts.|
Route 3 begins as the John Clayton Memorial Highway in Gloucester, sharing the highway with State Route 14.
Route 3 is called Mary Ball Road in Lancaster County, named after George Washington's mother Mary Ball Washington, who was born there. A section is the Lancaster Courthouse Historic District, including the "post village" which has long been the county seat.
In Richmond County, Route 3 splits into a business route and a bypass in Warsaw. The business route is concurrent with US 360 going through the town. After leaving the town, it narrows into two lanes.
King George County
The King George County segment of State Route 3 is known as King's Highway throughout the county. It traverses the county boundaries in a fairly east–west direction, starting at the King George County-Westmoreland County boundary line. It extends westward, crossing U.S. Route 301 and widening back to four lanes as it continues towards Stafford County and the city of Fredericksburg.
Kings Highway is also the main access road to Interstate 95 through Fredericksburg for King George County.
A large portion of the King George County Administration is situated on Kings Highway. The county courthouse, county seat, Sheriff's office, the offices of the Board of Supervisors and School Board are located at State Route 3 through King George County.
City of Fredericksburg
Route 3 splits into a business route and a bypass while going through Fredericksburg. The bypass is called the Blue and Gray Parkway. The business route follows William Street. Both routes enter the city by passing over the Rappahannock River, although on different bridges. They rejoin as William Street just before the U.S. 1 interchange. The street name changes to Plank Road somewhere between Route 1 and Interstate 95.
Route 3 is known as Plank Road in Spotsylvania County. It's a divided highway of at least four lanes, sometimes six and eight, for the duration of this segment. The Spotsylvania Mall and large Central Park regional shopping center next to it, are located at the junction with Interstate 95. It is the most heavily traveled portion of Route 3.
Route 3 is known as Germanna Highway in Culpeper County, after an early colonial community of German ironworkers.
Town of Culpeper
State Route 7 was defined as part of the original 1918 state highway system from Winchester southeast via Front Royal, and Culpeper to Fredericksburg, and then along the Northern Neck via Warsaw to Reedville. This is now approximated by U.S. Route 522, State Route 3, and U.S. Route 360.
In late 1921, the State Highway Commission looked at possible routes between Winchester and Front Royal, specifically via Middletown to Cedarville and via Boyce, White Post, Stone Bridge, and Rockland to Cedarville, and decided on the direct route via Double Toll Gate.
SR 7 at first ran from Montross via Templeman to Warsaw and then east via Heathsville to Reedville. By late 1922, a branch northwest from Callao via Hague to Templeman was added and assigned the State Route 7-X designation.
In the 1923 renumbering, SR 7 became State Route 37 (and SR 7-X became State Route 371). By the end of that year, SR 37's east end was moved from Reedville to Westland, and the old road between Warsaw and Reedville became part of SR 371.
US 15 Bus. / US 522 north (Orange Road / Germanna Highway) – Winchester, Orange
|Western end of US 522 concurrency|
|1.30||2.09||US 15 / US 29 – Washington, Charlottesville||interchange|
|1.62||2.61||US 522 south (Zachary Taylor Highway) – Mineral, Powhatan||Eastern end of US 522 concurrency|
|Orange||Wilderness||19.24||30.96||SR 20 south (Constitution Highway) – Orange, Charlottesville, Wilderness Battlefield, James Madison's Montpelier||Northern terminus of SR 20|
|Spotsylvania||Wilderness Corner||SR 613 (Brock Road) – Spotsylvania CH||former SR 210 south|
|City of Fredericksburg||31.91||51.35||I‑95 (US 17) – Washington, Richmond||Exit 130 (I-95)|
|33.15||53.35||US 1 – Falmouth, Washington, Massaponax, Richmond||interchange|
SR 3 Bus. east (William Street) – Fredericksburg, University of Mary Washington
|Western terminus of SR 3 Bus.|
US 1 Bus. (Lafayette Boulevard)
US 17 Bus. / SR 2 (Dixon Street) – Tappahannock, Bowling Green, Shannon Airport
SR 3 Bus. west – Fredericksburg
|King George||Arnolds Corner||50.84||81.82||SR 206 east (Dahlgren Road) – Dahlgren, Caledon Natural Area||Western terminus of SR 206|
|Purkins Corner||53.42||85.97||SR 205 east (Ridge Road) – Edgehill||Western terminus of SR 205|
|Office Hall||54.98||88.48||US 301 (James Madison Parkway) – Baltimore, Richmond|
|Westmoreland||Oak Grove||65.00||104.61||SR 205 west (James Monroe Highway) / SR 638 (Leedstown Road) – Colonial Beach||Eastern terminus of SR 205|
|Wakefield Corner||67.83||109.16||SR 204 east (Popes Creek Road)||Western terminus of SR 204|
|Flat Iron||SR 624 (Flat Iron Road)||to former SR 204 west|
|Baynesville||72.71||117.02||SR 347 (State Park Road)||Southern terminus of SR 347|
|Lerty||73.39||118.11||SR 214 east (Stratford Hall Road) – Stratford Hall||Western terminus of SR 214|
|Templeman||81.29||130.82||SR 202 east (Cople Highway) – Mt. Holly, Hague||Western terminus of SR 202|
|SR 690 (Menokin Road)||former SR 202 west|
|Richmond||Lyells||87.33||140.54||SR 203 north (Oldhams Road) – Kinsale, Sandy Point||Southern terminus of SR 203|
SR 3 Bus. east (Main Street) – Warsaw
|Western terminus of SR 3 Bus.|
US 360 / SR 3 Bus. west (Richmond Road) – Callao, Warsaw, Tappahannock, Richmond
|Eastern terminus of SR 3 Bus.|
|SR 642 (Sharps Road) – Sharps||former SR 228 south|
|Lancaster||105.43||169.67||SR 354 south (River Road) – Litwalton, Bertrand||Northern terminus of SR 354|
|Lively||110.76||178.25||SR 201 (White Chapel Road) to SR 354 – Heathsville, Belle Isle State Park|
|SR 604 (Merry Point Road)||to Merry Point Ferry|
|Kilmarnock||120.57||194.04||SR 200 north (East Church Street) – Wicomico Church, Burgess, Reedville||Western end of SR 200 concurrency|
|120.66||194.18||SR 200 south (Irvington Road)||Eastern end of SR 200 concurrency|
|White Stone||125.16||201.43||SR 200 north / SR 695 south (Chesapeake Drive) – Irvington, Palmer, Foxwells, Historic Christ Church||Southern terminus of SR 200; former SR 3 east|
|Rappahannock River||126.71||203.92||Robert O. Norris Bridge|
|Middlesex||Harmony Village||132.55||213.32||SR 33 west (General Puller Highway) – Saluda, Richmond||Western end of SR 33 concurrency|
|Hartfield||136.00||218.87||SR 33 east (General Puller Highway) – Deltaville||Eastern end of SR 33 concurrency|
|Piankatank River||Twigg Bridge|
|Mathews||Dixie||140.57||226.23||SR 198 east (Buckley Hall Road) – Mathews||Western end of SR 198 concurrency|
|Soles||142.12||228.72||SR 198 west (Buckley Hall Road) to US 17 – Saluda||Eastern end of SR 198 concurrency|
|Fort Nonsense||144.19||232.05||SR 14 east (John Clayton Memorial Highway) – Mathews||Western end of SR 14 concurrency|
|Gloucester||Gloucester Court House||150.55||242.29||
US 17 Bus. / SR 14 west (Main Street) – York River Bridge, Gloucester Historic District
|Eastern end of SR 14 concurrency|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Fredericksburg Business Route
Virginia State Route 3 Business runs through historic Fredericksburg primarily along William Street and the Kings Highway, although a one-way split of the route exists between Washington Avenue and Amelia Street.
|This section requires expansion. (August 2014)|
Warsaw Business Route
|This section requires expansion. (August 2014)|
- 2010 Virginia Department of Transportation Traffic Data Culpeper County - Orange County - Spotsylvania County - City of Fredericksburg - Stafford County - King George County - Westmoreland County - Richmond County - Lancaster County - Middlesex County - Mathews County - Gloucester County
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 5, 1922). Minutes of the First Meeting of the State Highway Commission Created Under the Acts of 1922 (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia., Proposed "State Highway System" for Virginia, as Recommended by the State Roads Committee, January, 1918
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 29 – December 3, 1921). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission and an Inspection Trip (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA, and Washington, DC: Commonwealth of Virginia., pages 36 and 51
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 5–8, 1921). Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission, an Inspection Trip, and a Public Hearing (PDF) (Report). Culpeper, Richmond, and Manassas, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia., page 3
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 8–11, 1922). Minutes of the Fifth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia., page 1
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (November 27–28, 1922). Minutes of the Sixth Meeting of the State Highway Commission (PDF) (Report). Commonwealth of Virginia., page 6
- State Highway Commission of Virginia (December 11–12, 1923). Minutes of Meeting (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia., page 14
|< SR 36||Two‑digit State Routes
|SR 38 >|