King's Highway (Charleston to Boston)

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King's Highway
Route information
Length1,300 mi (2,100 km)
ExistedLate 1600s–1800s
Major junctions
FromCharleston, SC
ToBoston, MA
Location
CountryUnited States
Highway system

The King's Highway was a roughly 1,300-mile (2,100 km) road laid out from 1650 to 1735 in the American colonies. It was built on the order of Charles II of England, who directed his colonial governors to link Charleston, South Carolina, and Boston, Massachusetts.

The section north of New York City, laid out on January 22, 1673, became the Upper Boston Post Road.[1] The road was finally completed in 1735. Much of the Post Road is now U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 20.

The King’s Highway Historic District in New Jersey covers U.S. Route 206 and New Jersey Route 27, connecting Lawrenceville with Kingston through Princeton.[2]

In Pennsylvania, much of the route is now U.S. Route 13.[3] (In Philadelphia, Route 13 becomes Frankford Avenue.)[4]

Through Maryland, the King's Highway largely follows U.S. Route 1.[5]

From Virginia southward, the modern U.S. 17 has many segments that follow the old King's Highway.

Mail delivery in the Northeast[edit]

1729 map of New England, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania by C. Moll with inset describing the postal system

Herman Moll's 1729 "Post Map" described the route:

An Account of ye Post of ye Continent of Nth. America as they were Regulated by ye Postmasters Genl. of ye Post House.


The Western Post setts out from Philadelphia every Fryday leaving Letters at Burlington and Pert Amboy and arrives at New York on Sunday night; the distance between Philadelphia & New York being 106 Miles. The Post goes out Eastward every Monday morning from New York, and arrives at Seabrook Thursday noon; being 150 Miles, where the Post from Boston setts out at the same time: the New York Post returning with the Eastern Letters, and the Boston Post with the Western, Bags are dropt at New London, Stommington, Rhode Island, and Bristol. The Post from Boston to Pisacataway being 70 Miles leaves Letters at Ipswich, Salem, Marblehead and Newberry. There are offices keept at Burlington, Perth Amboy in New Jersey, New London and Stommington in Connecticott, at Rhode Island, Bristol, Ipswich, Salem, Marblehead and Newberry. and the 3 Great Offices are at Boston, New York, & Philadelphia.[6]

Boston Post Road[edit]

The Boston Post Road was a system of mail-delivery routes between New York City and Boston that evolved into the first major highways in the United States. Some routes followed trails in use by Native Americans long before Europeans arrived. Some of these important native trails had been used long enough that they were two feet below the surrounding woodland.[7]

Following a trail known as the Pequot Path, the Upper Post Road was first laid out on January 1, 1673.[8] Used by post riders to deliver the mail, it was later widened and smoothed so that horse-drawn wagons or stagecoaches could use it. During the 19th century, turnpike companies took over and improved pieces of the road. Large sections of the various routes are still called the King's Highway and Boston Post Road.

Route of the King's Highway[edit]

A map of the King's Highway showing modern state borders.

Extension to Maine[edit]

A milestone in Yarmouth, Maine, on the Boston to Machias "King's Highway" route. The milestone, now incorporated into a wall, is engraved with "B 138," to denote its distance of 138 miles from Boston

In 1761, then-Postmaster General Benjamin Franklin ordered milestones placed along the 1673-established route from Boston to Saco, Maine, initially, then all the way to Machias, as a northern extension of King's Highway.[9][10]

As part of his duties, Franklin conducted inspections of the roads that were used for delivering mail. One method of charging for mail service was by mileage, so Franklin invented an odometer to measure mileage more accurately. The King's Highway, as a result, morphed into the Post Road.[11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735–1815 by William Dollarhide, Heritage Quest, 1997, ISBN 1-877677-74-4
  2. ^ "The Oldest Road in America, the King's Highway, Passes Right Through New Jersey". 24 March 2020.
  3. ^ "LaVO: Bucks County's first 'interstate' highway — 366 years in the making".
  4. ^ "America's Oldest Road Takes Center Stage in New Documentary".
  5. ^ "Route 1's Roots Run Deep". 4 May 2017.
  6. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ Bourne, p.13
  8. ^ Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, January 1917, Vol. 50, page 386, [1]
  9. ^ "Mile Markers Along the Old King's Highway" - New England History Walks, May 29, 2013
  10. ^ A History of Maine Roads: 1600-1970, Maine Department of Transportation, State Highway Commission (1970), p. 4
  11. ^ Nearaway Places: Driving to a Meal in Maine, Lois Stailing (2018), p. 22 ISBN 1633811298

External links[edit]